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Disamb2.jpg sngya ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- sngya (bahuvikalpi)

shabd aur pad

sarthak varn-samooh shabd kahalata hai, kintu jab isaka prayog vaky men hota hai to vah vyakaran ke niyamon men bndh jata hai aur isaka roop bhi badal jata hai. jab koee shabd vaky men prayukt hota hai to use shabd n kahakar pad kaha jata hai. hindi men pad panch prakar ke hote hain-

  1. sngya
  2. sarvanam
  3. visheshan
  4. kriya
  5. avyay

sngya

  • kisi vyakti, sthan, vastu adi tatha nam ke gun, dharm, svabhav ka bodh karane vale shabd ko sngya kahate hain. jaise - shyam, am, mithas, hathi adi.
  • sngya sarthak shabdon ke ath bhedon men ek bhed hai.
  • vyakaran men sngya ek vikari shabd hai.

sngya ke prakar

  • sngya ke tin bhed hain-
  1. vyaktivachak sngya.
  2. jativachak sngya.
  3. bhavavachak sngya.

vyaktivachak sngya

jis sngya shabd se kisi vishesh, vyakti, prani, vastu athava sthan ka bodh ho use vyaktivachak sngya kahate hain. jaise - jayaprakash narayan, shrikrishn, ramayan, tajamahal, qutubaminar, lalaqila, himalay adi.

jativachak sngya

jis sngya shabd se usaki snpoorn jati ka bodh ho use jativachak sngya kahate hain. jaise - manushy, nadi, nagar, parvat, pashu, pakshi, ladaka, kutta, gay, ghoda, bhains, bakari, nari, ganv adi.

bhavavachak sngya

jis sngya shabd se padarthon ki avastha, gun-dosh, dharm adi ka bodh ho use bhavavachak sngya kahate hain. jaise - budhapa, mithas, bachapan, motapa, chadhaee, thakavat adi.

  • kuchh vidvan angrezi vyakaran ke prabhav ke karan sngya shabd ke do bhed aur batalate hain-
  1. samudayavachak sngya.
  2. dravyavachak sngya.

samudayavachak sngya

jin sngya shabdon se vyaktiyon, vastuon adi ke samooh ka bodh ho unhen samudayavachak sngya kahate hain. jaise - sabha, kaksha, sena, bhid, pustakalay, dal adi.

dravyavachak sngya

jin sngya-shabdon se kisi dhatu, dravy adi padarthon ka bodh ho unhen dravyavachak sngya kahate hain. jaise - ghi, tel, sona, chandi, pital, chaval, gehoon, koyala, loha adi.

bhavavachak sngya banana

  • bhavavachak sngyaen char prakar ke shabdon se banati hain. jaise-

jativachak sngya se

  • das = dasata
  • pndit = pandity
  • bndhu = bndhutv
  • kshatriy = kshatriyatv
  • purush = purushatv
  • prabhu = prabhuta
  • pashu = pashuta,pashutv
  • brahman = brahmanatv
  • mitr = mitrata

sarvanam se sngya banana

  • apana = apanapan, apanatv
  • nij = nijatv,nijata
  • paraya = parayapan
  • sv = svatv
  • sarv = sarvasv

visheshan se sngya banana

  • mitha = mithas
  • chatur = chatury, chaturaee
  • madhur = madhury
  • sundar = saundary, sundarata

kriya se sngya banana

  • khelana = khel
  • thakana = thakavat
  • likhana = lekh
  • hnsana = hnsi


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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