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रविन्द्र प्रसाद (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 18:01, 26 janavari 2015 ka avataran

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Disamb2.jpg sindhu ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- sindhu (bahuvikalpi)

vartaman sindh prant pakistan ka prant hai. sindh prant pakistan ke char pranton men se ek hai. sindh prant men 15% janata vas karati hai. yah sindhiyon ka mool sthan hai. sindh snskrit ke shabd sindhu se bana hai jisaka arth hai samudr.

itihas

raghuvnsh men sindh namak desh ka ramachndraji dvara bharat ko die jane ka ullekh hai.[1] is prasng men yah bhi varnit hai ki yudhajit[2] ne kekay naresh se sndesh milane par unhonne yah kary sampann kiya tha. snbhav hai ki sindhu desh us samay kekay desh ke adhin raha ho. sindhu par adhikar karane ke lie bharat ne gndharvon ko haraya tha-

'bharatastatr gndharvanyudhi nijinty kevalamh atodyagrahayamas samatyajayadayudhamh'[3]

arthat bharat ne yuddh men (sindhu desh ke) gndharvon ko harakar unhen shastr tyag kar vinagrahan karane par vivash kiya. valmiki ramayan [4]men bhi yahi prasng savistar varnit hai.[5] isamen soochit hota hai ki sindhu nadi ke donon or ke pradesh ko hi sindhu-desh kaha jata tha. isamen gndhar ya gndharvon ka pradesh bhi sammilit raha hoga. yah tathy is prakar bhi siddh hota hai ki bharat ne is desh ko jitakar apane putron ko takshashila aur pushkalavati (gndhar desh men sthit nagar) ka shasak niyukt kiya tha. takshashila sindhu nadi ke poorv men aur pushkalavati pashchim men sthit thi. ye donon nagar in donon bhagon ki rajadhani rahe honge. sindh ke nivasiyon ko saindhavaah kaha gaya hai.[6] sindhu desh men utpann lavan[7] ka ullekh kalidas ne is prakar kiya hai-

'vaktroshmana purogatani, lehmani saindhavashilashakalani vahaah'[8]

arthat samane rakhe hue saindhav lavan ke lehm shilakhndon ko ghode apane mukh ki bhap se dhundhala kar rahe hain. 'sauvir' sindhu desh ka hi ek bhag tha. maharauli (dilli) men sthit chndr ke lauhastnbh ke abhilekh men chndr dvara sindhu nadi ke saptamukhon ko jite jane ka ullekh hai-

'tirvarta saptamukhani yen samare sindhorjita vahlikaah' tatha is pradesh men vahlikon ki sthiti bataee hai.[9]

sindhu ka ullekh

yunan ke lekhakon ne alakshendr ke bharat-akaman ke snbndh men sindhu-desh ke nagaron ka ullekh kiya hai. saigaradis namak sthan shayad sagar-dvip hai jo sindhu desh ka samudratat ya sindhu nadi ka muhana jan padata hai. alakshyendr ki senaen sindhu nadi tatha isake tatavarti pradesh men hokar hi vapas lauti thin. harshacharit, chaturth uchchhvas men ban ne prabhakaravardhan ko 'sindhurajajvarah' kaha hai jisase sindhu desh par usake atnk ka bodh hota hai. arabon ke sindh par akraman ke samay vahan dahir namak brahman-naresh ka rajy tha. sindh ke kuchh luteron ki lootamar se kruddh hokar iraq ke musalaman soobedar alahajjaj ne unhen dnndit karane ke lie kee bar chadhaee ki, kintu raja dahir ne usaki faujon ko parajit kar diya. dahir akramanakariyon se bahut hi virata ke sath ladata hua mara gaya tha. isaki virangana putriyon ne bad men, arab senapati muhammad bin qasim se apane pita ki mrityu ka badala liya aur svayn atmahatya kar li. sindh par musalamanon ka adhikar 1845 ee. tak raha. is bich ise mugal badashah jahangir ne ek mahattvapoorn sooba bhi banaya tha. bad ke samay men yahan ke muslim amiron ko janaral nepiyar ne miyani ke yuddh men harakar is prant ko british rajy men nahin mila liya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 'yudhajitashch sndeshats desh sindhunamakamh dadau dattaprabhavay bharatay bhritaprajah'. 15,87
  2. bharat ka mama
  3. raghuvnsh 15,88
  4. ramayan, uttarakand 100-101
  5. 'sindhorubhayatah parshvedeshah paramashobhann tn ch rakshanti gndharvaah sanyudha yuddhakovidaah' uttar 100,11
  6. 'sauvira saindhavahanaah shalvaah kosalavasin.' 2,3,17
  7. saindhav
  8. raghuvnsh 5,73
  9. de. dilli

snbndhit lekh

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