सूरदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

व्यवस्थापन (वार्ता | योगदान) dvara parivartit 14:22, 17 julaee 2017 ka avataran (Text replacement - " शृंगार " to " श्रृंगार ")

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sooradas vishay soochi
sooradas
Surdas.jpg
poora nam mahakavi sooradas
janm snvath 1540 vikrami (sanh 1483 ee.) athava snvat 1535 vikrami (sanh 1478 ee.)
janm bhoomi runakata, agara
mrityu snvath 1642 vikrami (sanh 1585 ee.) athava snvath 1620 vikrami (sanh 1563 ee.)
mrityu sthan parasauli
abhibhavak ramadas (pita)
karm bhoomi braj (mathura-agara)
karm-kshetr sagun bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaen soorasagar, soorasaravali, sahity-lahari, nal-damayanti, byahalo adi
vishay bhakti
bhasha braj bhasha
puraskar-upadhi mahakavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi
sooradas ki rachanaen

sooradas (angrezi:Surdas) hindi sahity men bhaktikal men krishn bhakti ke bhakt kaviyon men agrani hai. mahakavi sooradas ji vatsaly ras ke samrat mane jate hain. unhonne shrringar aur shant rason ka bhi bada marmasparshi varnan kiya hai. unaka janm mathura-agara marg par sthit runakata namak ganv men hua tha. kuchh logon ka kahana hai ki sooradas ji ka janm sihi namak gram men ek nirdhan sarasvat brahman parivar men hua tha. bad men vah agara aur mathura ke bich googhat par akar rahane lage the. achary ramachandr shukl ji ke matanusar sooradas ka janm snvath 1540 vikrami ke sannikat aur mrityu snvath 1620 vikrami ke asapas mani jati hai.[1]sooradas ji ke pita ramadas gayak the. sooradas ji ke janmandh hone ke vishay men bhi matabhed hain. agara ke samip googhat par unaki bhent vallabhachary se huee aur ve unake shishy ban ge. vallabhachary ne unako pushtimarg men diksha de kar krishnalila ke pad gane ka adesh diya. sooradas ji ashtachhap kaviyon men ek the. sooradas ji ki mrityu govardhan ke pas parasauli gram men 1563 eesvi men huee.

aitihasik ullekh

sooradas ke bare men 'bhaktamal' aur 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' men thodi-bahut janakari mil jati hai. 'aeena-e-akabari' aur 'munshiyat abbul fazal' men bhi kisi snt sooradas ka ullekh hai, kintu ve kashi (vartaman banaras) ke koee aur sooradas pratit hote hain. janushruti yah avashy hai ki akabar badashah sooradas ka yash sunakar unase milane ae the. 'bhaktamal' men sooradas ki bhakti, kavita evn gunon ki prashnsa hai tatha unaki andhata ka ullekh hai. 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' ke anusar sooradas agara aur mathura ke bich sadhu ke roop men rahate the. ve vallabhachary ke darshan ko ge aur unase lila gan ka upadesh pakar krishn ke charit vishayak padon ki rachana karane lage. kalantar men shrinath ji ke mndir ka nirman hone par mahaprabhu vallabhachary ne unhen yahan kirtan ka kary saunpa.

janm

sooradas ka janm kab hua, is vishay men pahale unaki tathakathit rachanaon, 'sahity lahari' aur 'soorasaravali' ke adhar par anuman lagaya gaya tha aur anek varshon tak yah doharaya jata raha ki unaka janm snvat 1540 vikrami (san 1483 ee.) men hua tha, parantu vidvanon ne is anuman ke adhar ko poorn roop men apramanik siddh kar diya tatha pushtimarg men prachalit is anushruti ke adhar par ki sooradas shri madvallabhachary se 10 din chhote the, yah nishchit kiya ki sooradas ka janm vaishakh shukl paksh pnchami, snvat 1535 vi. (san 1478 ee.) ko hua tha. is sampradayik janushruti ko prakash men lane tatha use any pramanon men pusht karane ka shrey daau. dinadayal gupt ko hai. jab tak is vishay men koee anyatha praman n mile, ham sooradas ki janm-tithi ko yahi man sakate hain.

jati

sooradas ki jati ke sambandh men bhi bahut vad-vivad hua hai. 'sahity lahari' ke uparyukt pad ke anusar kuchh samay tak sooradas ko 'bhatt' ya 'brahmabhatt' mana jata raha. bharatendu baboo harishchandr ne is vishay men prasannata prakat ki thi ki sooradas mahakavi chandabaradaee ke vnshaj the; kintu bad men adhikatar pushtimargiy sroton ke adhar par yah prasiddh hua ki ve sarasvat brahman the. bahut kuchh isi adhar par 'sahity lahari' ka vnshavali vala pad apramanik mana gaya. 'chaurasi vaishnavan ki varta' men moolat: sooradas ki jati ke vishay men koee ullekh nahin tha, parantu gosaee hariray dvara badhaye gaye 'varta' ke ansh men unhen sarasvat brahman kaha gaya hai. unake sarasvat brahman hone ke praman pushtimarg ke any varta sahity se bhi diye gaye hai.

kal-nirnay

sooradas ke pita ramadas gayak the. sooradas ke janmandh hone ke vishay men bhi matabhed hain. agara ke samip googhat par unaki bhent vallabhachary se huee aur ve unake shishy ban ge. vallabhachary ne unako pushtimarg men diksha dekar krishnalila ke pad gane ka adesh diya. sooradas 'ashtachhap' ke kaviyon men se ek the. sooradas ki mrityu govardhan ke pas parasauli gram men 1563 eesvi men huee. unaki janm-tithi tatha unake jivan ki kuchh any mukhy ghatanaon ke kal-nirnay ka bhi prayatn kiya gaya hai. is adhar par ki googhat par bhent hone ke samay vallabhachary gaddi par virajaman the, yah anuman kiya gaya hai ki unaka vivah ho chuka tha, kyonki brahmachari ka gaddi par baithana varjit hai. vallabhachary ka vivah snvat 1560-61 (san 1503-1504 ee.) men hua tha, at: yah ghatana isake bad ki hai. 'vallabh digvijay' ke anusar yah ghatana snvat 1567 vikrami ke (san 1510 ee.) asapas ki hai. is prakar sooradas 30-32 varsh ki avastha men pushtimarg men dikshit hue honge.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sooradas (hindi) bharat darshan. abhigaman tithi: 4 navnbar, 2010.

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