आयुर्विज्ञान शिक्षा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ayurvigyan shiksha aibraiham phleksanar ka kathan hai ki prachin kal se ayurvigyan men andhavishvas, prayog tatha us prakar ke nirikshan ka, jisake ant men vigyan ka nirman hota hai, vichitr mishran raha hai. ye tinon siddhant aj bhi kary kar rahe hain, yadyapi unaka anupat ab badal gaya hai.

uttar-vaidik-kal (600 ee.poo. se sanh‌ 200 ee. tak) ke bharat ke likhit itihas se pata chalata hai ki ayurvigyan ki shiksha takshashila tatha nalnda ke mahavidyalayon men di jati thi. pichhe ye mahavidyalay nasht ho ge aur rajanitik avastha men parivartan hone ke sath yoonani tatha pashchimi (yooropiy) ayurvaigyanik ritiyon ka is desh men pravesh hua.

british bharat men sarvapratham ayurvaigyanik vidyalay sanh‌ 1822 men sthapit hua. isake pashchath‌ sanh‌ 1835 men do ayurvaigyanik vidyalay, ek kalakatta men tatha doosara madras men, sthapit hue. inglaind ke raauyal kaaulej aauv sarjans ne sanh‌ 1845 men inhen pahale pahal manyata di. is samay se lekar sanh‌ 1933 tak ayurvigyan ki shiksha ka vikas jenaral medikal kaunsil aauv yoonaited kingdam ki dekharekh men hota raha.

sanh‌ 1933 men bharatiy snsadh ne indiyan medikal kaunsil aikt svikar kiya. isake anusar bharat ke sab pranton ke lie ayurvigyan men uchch yogyata ke ek saman, alpatam manak sthir karane ke vishisht uddeshy se medikal kaunsil aauv indiya ka sngathan hua.

sanh‌ 1935 ke sujhavon ke anusar jivavigyan (baiaauloji) ke sath intaramidiet pariksha men uttirn hone ke anntar ayurvaigyanik vidyalay men panch varsh tak adhyayan ka samay niyat kiya gaya. isake antim tin varshon ko rugnalayon men jakar rogiyon ki pariksha adi men vyatit karane ka nirdesh tha. sanh‌ 1952 ke prastavon ne jivavigyan ke sath intaramidiet pariksha uttirn karane ke pashchath‌ vidyalay men adhyayan karane ke kul samay ko badhakar sadhe panch varsh kar diya hai. isamen se dedh varsh to rugnalayon ke karyakram ke parichay ke sath-sath adharabhoot vaigyanik vishayon ke adhyayan ke lie hai tatha tin varsh rugnalayon men kriyatmak kary ke lie. antim pariksha ke pashchath‌ 12 mas ke lie parikshottar shiksha ki vishesh vyavastha ki kee hai. is avadhi men vidyarthi ko vishvavidyalay athava medikal kaunsil se manyataprapt medikal adhikari ya daktar ki adhinata men kary karana padata hai. is ek varsh ke kal men tin mas lokasvasthy (pablik helth) ke karyon men, adhikatar dehat men, bitana padata hai.

rugnalay vishayak adhyayanakal men, arthath‌ tisare, chauthe tatha panchaven varshon men, pratyek vidyarthi ko kam se kam rogiyon ke kul byoron ka lekha taiyar karane athava shalyachikitsa ke uparant patti bandhane ke kary ka snpoorn uttaradayitv uthana padata hai.

jaisa uchit hai, kaunsil ne shikshanakal men upadeshatmak vyakhyanon ki tulana men kriyatmak (vyavaharik) shiksha par adhik bal diya hai. sanh‌ 1956 ke indiyan medikal kaunsil adhiniyam ne kaunsil ko snatakottar ayurvaigyanik shiksha ke snbndh men adhik vaidhanik shakti pradan ki hai tatha snatakottar ayurvaigyanik shikshasamiti (post grejuet medikal ejukeshan kamiti) ki sthapana ka nirdesh bhi kiya hai.

in snsthaon ke atirikt isaka bhi prayatn kiya gaya hai ki ayurvigyan ki prachin bharatiy pranali ki unnati ki jay. prachin bharatiy paddhati ki pratham pathashala sanh‌ 1914 men madras men sthapit ki gee. kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay ne em.bi.bi.es. ka ek navin pathyakram nirdharit kiya hai jo jivavigyan lekar intaramidiet pariksha uttirn karane ke bad chhah varshon tak chalata hai. is pranali men ayurved (prachin bharatiy paddhati) ka bhi kuchh avashyak parichay diya jata hai. is navin pathh‌yakram ka prabhav desh ki ayurvaigyanik shiksha par bahut badi matra men snbhavit hai. isaka uddeshy yah hai ki ayurvigyan ki bharatiy aur pashchaty donon pranaliyon ka phalaprad ekikaran ho.

yoonaited kingadam (inglaind, skaautalaind adi)-gret briten ki jenaral medikal kaunsil (vyapak ayurvaigyanik parishadh) 1858 ee. ke ayurvaigyanik viniyam (aikt) ke anusar sthapit ki gee thi. us samay chikitsakon ke man men yah bhranti thi ki ayurvaigyanik shiksha ka dhyey 'ahanikar, samany chikitsak' utpann karana tha. 20vin shatabdi men gret briten men ayurvaigyanik shiksha ka dhyey dhire-dhire badalakar aisa maulik (besik) chikitsak utpann karana ho gaya, jisamen yah yogyata ho ki vah ichchhanusar ayurvigyan ki kisi bhi shakha men visheshgy ban sake. yoonaited kingadam men maulik upadhi em.bi.bi.es. ki hai, jisaka arth hai medisin (bheshajavigyan) ka snatak aur sarjari (shalyachikitsa) ka snatak. isake badale el.ar.si.pi. aur em.ar.si.es. ki bhi vaikalpik upadhiyan hain. in aksharon ka arth hai ki chikitsakon athava shalyashastriyon ke raauyal kaaulej (rajavidyalay) ka upadhiprapt (laisenshiyet) athava sadasy (menbar). yoonaited kingadam men snatakottar upadhiyan em.di (chikitsapndit) athava em.es. (shaly-chikitsa-pndit) aur ef.ar.si.es. (shalyachikitsakon ke raauyal kaaulej ka sadasy) athava em.ar.si.pi. (chikitsakon ke raauyal kaaulej ka sadasy) hain.

amarika ke snyukt rajy-amarikan medikal aisasiyeshan (amariki ayurvaigyanik sngh) sanh‌ 1847 men sthapit hua tha. isaka uddeshy ayurvaigyanik shiksha ke star ka utthan tha. vishv men amarika ke ayurvaigyanik vidyalayon ki badi khyati hai. chikitsakon ki shiksha men vigyan ko samuchit mahatv diya jata hai. vidyarthi apane man ka vishay svatntrata se chun sakata hai. vidyalay men bharati hone ke pahale use vigyan ka snatak hona avashyak hai. shiksha ke ant par sabako em.di (chikitsapndit) ki upadhi milati hai. snatakottar upadhiyan ef.e.si.es. aur ef.e.si.pi. hain. ye upadhiyan visheshgyon ke vidyalayon dvara di jati hain.

roos-roos men ayurvaigyanik shiksha ka vikas vastut: si.pi.es.yoo. (bi) ke 17ven adhiveshan ke sammukh stailin ke prasiddh vyakhyan ke bad hua. 1945 ee. men roos ki ayurvaigyanik parishadh (ekaidemi) sthapit huee. isake pahale sanh‌ 1934 men vigyanapndit aur vigyanajigyasu ki upadhiyan thin. ayurvaigyanik vidyalay men bharati hone ke lie maitrikuleshan ka pramanapatr avashyak hai. sab vidyarthiyon ko chhatravritti milati hai. door se ae vidyarthiyon ke lie chhatravas men rahane ka bhi prabndh rahata hai. sanh‌ 1945 tak ayurvaigyanik pathyakram panch varshon men samapt hota tha, parntu usake bad chhah varsh tak padhaee hone lagi. kriyatmak anubhav par vishesh dhyan diya jata hai. pratyek vidyarthi ko prativarsh ek nishchit karyakram diya jata hai, jise aspatalon aur rugnalayon men anubhavi vishe

shgyon ki dekharekh men use poora karana padata hai. vartaman samay men roos men lagabhag do lakh daktar aur kee lakh sahayak hain jinhen 'feldashar' kaha jata hai.

chin-yahan dhyey yah hai ki kam samay men adhik daktar taiyar hon. ayurvaigyanik rshiksha ki avadhi yahan panch varsh hai. prachin pranali ke in chikitsakon ko chhootavale rogon se bachane ki adhunik ritiyon ki shiksha de di gee hai. roos ki hi bhanti chin ke ayuvaigyanik vidyalay vishvavidyalayon se poornataya bhinn hain. ayurvaigyanik shiksha atynt pravidhik shiksha ho chali hai. chin ka vidyarthi ayurvaigyanik vidyalay men 17 varsh ki ayu men bharati hota hai aur isake pahale use bhautiki, rasayan, samajashastr, chini sahity aur rajanitivigyan men sarakari pariksha uttirn karani padati hai. piking ke vidyalayon men chhatraon ki snkhya kul ki 44 pratishat bataee jati hai. kaha jata hai, 80 pratishat pariksha maukhik hoti hai aur keval 20 pratishat likhit.

ant men isapar bal dena avashyak hai ki sare vishv men ayurvaigyanik shiksha men barabar anek parivartan hote rahate hain aur ab yah nintant avashyak ho gaya hai ki bharat bhi vigyan ke is shaktishali kshetr men samuchit kary kare.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 412-13 |

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah