अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मानक पुस्तक संख्या  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(ISBN se punarnirdeshit)

antarrashtriy manak pustak snkhyank ise samanyat: aee.ऍs.bi.ऍn. ("intaraneshanal staindard buk nambar" ya ISBN) kaha jata hai. yah pratyek pustak ko usaka apana anootha snkhyank (siriyal nambar) dene ki vidhi hai. is snkhyank ke dvara vishv men prakashit kisi bhi pustak ko khoja ja sakata hai aur usake bare men janakari prapt ki ja sakati hai. pahale yah snkhyank keval uttari amerika, yoorop aur japan men prachalit tha, kintu ajakal yah paddhati dhire-dhire poore vishv men phail gayi hai. aee.ऍs.bi.ऍn. snkhyank men 10 ank hote the, kintu sanh 2007 ke bad se yah snkhyank 13 ank ka hota hai.

itihas

briten ke prasiddh pustak vikreta dablyoo.ech. smith ne dablin, ayaralaind ke triniti kaaulej ke gaaurdan phaaustar namak ek sevanivritt profesar se 1966 men apani pustakon ko snkhyank dene ki vidhi banavaee. gaaurdan phaaustar ne ek 9 ankon ki pranali ka nirman kiya aur unhonne usaka nam 'staindard buk nambaring, ऍs.bi.ऍn., arthath manak pustak snkhyank' rakha gaya. sanh 1970 men antararashtriy manakikaran sngathan (jisako aiso ya ISO bhi kahate hain) ne is 9 ankiy vidhi par adharit ek 10 ank ki manak vidhi ka ghoshanapatr snkhya ISO 2108 men ghoshit kiya. yahi manak snkhya aee.ऍs.bi.ऍn. kahalata hai. sanh 2007 men isaka vistar karake is snkhya ko 13 ankiy bana diya gaya, kintu abhi bhi 10 ankiy snkhyank dekhane ko milati hain.

bharat men itihas

raja ramamohan ray rashtriy ejensi, jo 'antarrashtriy manak pustak snkhyank' (ISBN) ke lie karyarat hai. bharat ke lie manav snsadhan vikas mntralay ne 1985 men bharat men ISBN pranali prarambh ki hai. raja ramamohan ray rashtriy ejensi (ISBN), manav snsadhan vikas mntralay, madhyamik shiksha evn uchch shiksha vibhag, A2/W4, karzan rod bairak, K.G. marg, nee dilli bharatiy prakashakon, lekhak - sah - prakashak, vishvavidyalayon aur snsthanon jaise sngathanon ke lie pustakon ke prakashan ke lie prarambh kiya gaya hai. antarrashtriy manak buk snkhya (ISBN) ek advitiy antararashtriy prakashak pahachan snkhya hai, jo vishesh pustakon ke prakashanon ke lie ISBN chhoti mashin pathaniy pahachan snkhya ke roop men jana jata hai, jo pathak aur krayakarta ke lie pustak tak saral aur asan pahunch banata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


snbndhit lekh

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