नीरद चन्द्र चौधरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nirad chandr chaudhari
nirad chandr chaudhari
poora nam nirad chandr chaudhari
janm 23 navambar, 1897
janm bhoomi kishoragnj, poorvi bngal[1]
mrityu 1 agast, 1999
mrityu sthan aauksaford, inglaind
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr lekhan
mukhy rachanaen thri haaursamen aauf d nyoo epokailips', 'daee haind', 'gret enark'
puraskar-upadhi 'aau'ksaford vishvavidyalay' se manad daauktaret ki upadhi,
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari nirad chandr chaudhari ko 'antim british samrajyavadi' aur 'antim bhoora sahab' kaha gaya. unaki kriti ki lagatar alochana ki gee tatha bharat ke sahityik jagath se unhen nishkasit kar diya gaya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

nirad chandr chaudhari (angrezi: Nirad Chandra Chaudhuri ; janm- 23 navambar, 1897, kishoragnj, poorvi bngal[2]; mrityu- 1 agast, 1999, aauksaford, inglaind) bharat men janme prasiddh bangla tatha angrezi lekhak aur vidvan, jinaki antim pustak 'thri haaursamen aauf d nyoo epokailips' (1997) ka prakashan unake sauven janmadin se kuchh hi din pahale hua tha.

parichay

nirad chandr chaudhari ka janm 23 navambar, 1897 ko poorvi bngal (aj ka bangladesh) ke kishoragnj men hua tha. vakil pita aur nirakshar mata ke bete nirad chandr chaudhari ka sheksapiyar tatha snskrit ke shastriy grnthon par saman adhikar tha. vah apani snskriti ke hi saman pashchimi snskriti ke bhi prashnsak the. vah ek pandityapoorn, lekin jatil v sanaki vyakti the aur unaki sabase satik vyakhya galat sthan par galat samay men janme vyakti ke roop men ki ja sakati hai.[3]

british shasan ke vafadar

bharat ke sahityik paridrishy par nirad chandr chaudhari ka agaman vivadon se ghira hua tha. vah british shasan ke prati vafadar the aur unhonne apani pahali pustak 'd aautobayografi aauf en ananon indiyan' (1951) ko british samrajy ko samarpit kiya tha. unaka dridh vishvas tha ki "hamamen jo kuchh bhi achchha tatha jivnt hai, vah do sau varsh purane aupaniveshik shasan ke dauran hi poshit aur vikasit hua hai." apani asurakshaon se joojhane ki koshish kar rahe nav-svatntr rashtr men, jahan upanivesh virodhi bhavanaen charam par thin, unaki kriti ka svagat nahin hua. vah asvikary vyakti ban ge aur unhen bauddhik yntranaen jhelani padin. vyavastha ne unake prati kafi kada rukh apanaya aur unhen aaul indiya rediyo se bahar nikal diya gaya, jahan vah prasarak tatha rajanitik tippanikar ke roop men karyarat the.

inglaind men nivas

nirad chandr chaudhari ko 'antim british samrajyavadi' aur 'antim bhoora sahab' kaha gaya. unaki kriti ki lagatar alochana ki gee tatha bharat ke sahityik jagath se unhen nishkasit kar diya gaya. svanirvasan ke taur par 1970 ke dashak men vah inglainnd ravana ho ge aur vishvavidyalay shahar aauksaford men bas ge. unake lie yah ghar lautane ke saman tha. lekin yah ghar us inglaind se kafi bhinn tha, adarsh roop men chaudhari jisaki kalpana karate the.[3]

samman

inglaind men bhi nirad chaudhari utane hi alag-thalag the, jitane bharat men. angrezon ne unhen samman diya, unhen 'aau'ksaford vishvavidyalay' se manad daauktaret ki upadhi mili. unhen maharani ki or se manad si.bi.ee. se sammanit kiya gaya, lekin ve log unaki dridh bharatiyata ke sath british samrajy ke purane vaibhav ki unaki yadon ke qayal nahin ho pae.

kritiyan tatha atmakatha

chaudhari bhi inglaind men kuchh varshon men hue amoolachool parivartan ko svikar nahin kar pae aur moolyon ke prati pratibaddhata ke poorn abhav se kafi nirash hue, kyonki isi visheshata ne ek samay men inglaind ko mahanh rashtr banaya tha. unaki ye bhavanaen unaki kritiyon aur unaki atmakatha ke antim khnd 'daee haind', 'gret enark' (1987) men pradarshit hoti hai, jo unhonne 90 varsh ki ayu men likhi thi. unhonne likha ki- "agrezon ki mahanata hamesha ke lie samapt ho gee hai." unake nibndhon ki antim pustak 'thri haaursamen aauf d nyoo epokailips' bharatiy netritv aur rashtr ke patan ke bare men tippani hai.[3]

deshavasiyon ki prashnsa

bad ke varshon men nirad chandr chaudhari ko apane deshavasiyon ki prashnsa mili, jinhonne pahale unhen galat samajha tha aur unaki anadekhi ki thi. ek adhik paripakv, sarvadeshiy aur atmavishvas se yukt uchch varg ne unaki atmakatha ke antim khnd ki prashnsa ki. unhonne phir se bangla men likhana shuroo kiya aur bad men unhen kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men ek sahityik puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

nirad chandr chaudhari ka nidhan 1 agast, 1999 ko aauksaford, inglaind men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vartaman bangladesh
  2. vartaman bangladesh
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 bharat gyanakosh, khand-2 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 180 |

snbndhit lekh

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