निबन्ध  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nibandh ka hindi gady sahity men bada hi mahattvapoorn sthan hai. yah gady lekhan ki ek vishesh vidha hai. kisi bhi vishay par yadi kuchh likhana ho ya phir kuchh kahana ho, tab nibandh ka hi sahara liya jata hai. nibandh ke paryay roop men sndarbh, rachana aur prastav ka bhi ullekh kiya jata hai. ise angrezi bhasha ke 'kampozishan' aur 'esse' ke arth men svikar kiya jata hai. prasiddh hindi sahityakar achary hazariprasad dvivedi ke anusar snskrit men bhi nibandh ka sahity hai. prachin snskrit sahity ke nibandhon men dharmashastriy siddhanton ki tarkik vyakhya ki jati thi. pray: unamen vyaktitv ki visheshata nahin hoti thi. ajakal ke nibandh snskrit nibandhon se bilkul ulat hain.

arth tatha paribhasha

nibandh shabd ka mool hai- 'bandh', nibandh ka arth hota hai- 'bandhana'. kisi vishayavastu se sambandhit gyan ko kramabaddh roop se bandhate hue lekhan ko nibandh kaha jata hai. baboo gulabaray ne nibandh ko nimn prakar se paribhashit kiya hai-

"ek simit akar ke bhitar kisi vishay ya varnan ya pratipadit ek vishesh nijipan, svachchhandata, saushthav, sajivata tatha sambaddhata ke sath kiya jana hi nibandh kahalata hai."

prakar

mukhyat: nibandh ke nimnalikhit char bhed hote hain-

  1. vicharatmak
  2. varnanatmak
  3. vivaranatmak
  4. bhavatmak
vicharatmak nibandh

jab nibandh men kisi vishayavastu ka tarkapoorn vivechan, vishleshan tatha khoj ki jae to use 'vicharatmak nibandh' kaha jata hai. vicharatmak nibandh men buddhitatv ki pradhanata hoti hai aur inamen lekhak ke chintan, manan, adhyayan, manyataon tatha dharanaon ka prabhav spashtatah dikhaee padata hai.

varnanatmak nibandh

jab kisi nibandh men kisi vastu, sthan, vyakti, drishy adi ka nirikshan ke adhar par rochak tatha akarshak varnan kiya jae to use 'varnanatmak nibandh' kaha jata hai.

vivaranatmak nibandh

is prakar ke nibandh men aitihasik tatha samajik ghatanaon, sthanon, drishyon adi ka rochak tatha akarshak vivaran diya jata hai, isilie ise 'vivaranatmak nibandh' kaha jata hai.

bhavatmak nibandh

jab kisi nibandh men hriday men utpann hone vale bhavon tatha ragon ko darshaya jae to use bhavatmak nibandh kaha jata hai. aise nibandhon ki bhasha saral, madhur, lalit tatha sngitamay hoti hai aur ye nibandh kavitvapoorn tatha pravahamay pratit hote hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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