बाबू गुलाबराय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

baboo gulabaray
baboo gulabaray
poora nam baboo gulabaray
janm 17 janavari, 1888
janm bhoomi itava, uttar pradesh
mrityu 13 aprail, 1963
mrityu sthan agara, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak bhavani prasad
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr adhyapak, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen navaras, naty vimarsh, kavy ke roop, bharatiy snskriti ki rooparekha, jivan-pashu-thalua klab adi.
vishay darshanik aur sahityik
bhasha hindi, snskrit
vidyalay agara kaaulej
shiksha em. e. (darshanashastr)
nagarikata bharatiy
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

baboo gulabaray (angrezi: Babu Gulabrai, janm- 17 janavari, 1888; mrityu- 13 aprail, 1963) bharat ke prasiddh sahityakar, nibndhakar aur vyngyakar the. ve hamesha saral sahity ko pramukhata dete the, jisase hindi bhasha jan-jan tak pahunch sake. gulabaray ji ne do prakar ki rachanaen ki hain- darshanik aur sahityik. unaki darshanik rachanaen unake gnbhir adhyayan aur chintan ka parinam hain. unhonne apani rachanaon men shuddh bhasha tatha parishkrit khadi boli ka prayog adhikata se kiya hai. adhunik kal ke nibndh lekhakon aur alochakon men baboo gulabaray ka sthan bahut ooncha hai. unhonne alochana aur nibndh donon hi kshetron men apani pratibha aur maulikata ka parichay diya hai.

janm tatha shiksha

baboo gulabaray ka janm 17 janavari, 1888 ko itava (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. unake pita bhavani prasad dharmik pravritti ke vyakti the. unaki mata bhi bhagavan shrikrishn ki upasika thin. ve sooradas aur kabir ke padon ko tallin hokar gaya karati thin. mata-pita ki is dharmik pravritti ka prabhav baboo gulabaray par bhi pada. gulabaray ki prarnbhik shiksha mainapuri men huee thi. apani skooli shiksha ke bad unhen angrezi shiksha ke lie zile ke vidyalay men bheja gaya. gulabaray ne 'agara kaaulej' se bi. e. ki pariksha pas ki. isake pashchath 'darshanashastr' men em. e. ki pariksha uttirn karake gulabaray ji chhatarapur chale ge.

vyavasayik jivan

chhatarapur men gulabaray ki pratham niyukti maharaja vishvanath sinh joodev ke darshanik salahakar ke roop men huee. kuchh samay bad unhen maharaj ka niji sahayak bana diya gaya. baboo gulabaray apane rajakiy kartavy ke palan men sadaiv sachet rahate the. vah rajy ke dhan ko aisi savadhani se vyay karate the, jaise vah unaka niji dhan ho. is snbndh men anek prasng bhare pade hain. rajy men jitana saman kharida jata tha, vah maharaj ke sahayak dvara hi kray kiya jata tha. ek bar ek bade saudagar se gulabaray ne kee hazar rupaye ka saman kharida. saudagar ne unako kamishan le lene ka snket kiya. gulabaray ne poochha- 'kitana banata hai'. phir us saudagar se kaha ki bil men likh dijie. unaki is mitavyayita tatha rajanishtha se maharaj bade prabhavit hue. baboo gulabaray ne chhatarapur darabar men 18 varsh vyatit kie aur raj darabar ke nyayadhish ki bhi bhoomika nibhaee.

pashu-pakshi premi

baboo gulabaray ko pashu-pakshiyon se bhi bahut prem tha. jab maharaj ka nidhan hua, tab ve chhatarapur rajy ki seva chhodakar agara vapas a gaye aur apane palit pashu-pakshiyon ko bhi sath lekar ae. jo bhi unake snpark men aya, vahi unake parivar ka sadasy aur unaki lekhani ka vishay ban gaya.

lekhan vishay

rachana drishti se gulabaray ji ne do prakar ki rachanaen ki hain-

  1. darshanik
  2. sahityik

baboo gulabaray ki darshanik rachanaen unake gnbhir adhyayan aur chintan ka parinam hain. unhonne sarv pratham hindi ko apane darshanik vicharon ka dan diya. unase poorv hindi men is vishay ka sarvatha abhav tha. gulabaray ki sahityik rachanaon ke antargat unake alochanatmak nibndh ate hain. ye alochanatmak nibndh saiddhantik aur vyavaharik donon hi prakar ke hain. unhonne samajik, sanskritik, manovaigyanik adi vividh vishayon par bhi apani lekhani chalakar hindi sahity ki abhivriddhi ki hai.

bhasha

baboo gulabaray ki bhasha shuddh tatha parishkrit khadi boli hai. usake mukhyatah do roop dekhane ko milate hain - klisht tatha saral. vicharatmak nibndhon ki bhasha klisht aur parishkrit hain. usamen snskrit ke tatsam shabdon ki pradhanata hai, bhavatmak nibndhon ki bhasha saral hai. usamen hindi ke prachalit shabdon ki pradhanata hai sath urdoo aur angrezi ke shabdon ka bhi prayog milata hai. kahavaton aur muhavaron ko bhi apanaya hai. gulabaray ji ki bhasha adnbar shoony hai. snskrit ke prakand pndit hote hue bhi gulabaray ji ne apani bhasha men kahin bhi pandity-pradarshan ka prayatn nahin kiya. snkshep men gulab ray ji ka bhasha snyat, gnbhir aur pravahapoorn hai.

shaili

gulab ray ji ki rachanaon men hamen nimnalikhit shailiyon ke darshan hote hain-

vivechanatmak shaili-

yah shaili baboo gulabaray ke alochanatmak tatha vicharatmak nibndhon men milati hai. is shaili men sahityik tatha darshanik vishayon par gnbhirata se vichar karate samay vaky apekshakrit lnbe aur duruh ho jate hain, kintu jahan vartaman samasyaen, prachin siddhanton ki vyakhyaen athava kaviyon ki vyakhyatmak alochanaen prastut ki gee hain, vahan vaky saral aur bhavapoorn hain. is shaili ka ek udaharan- 'rashtriy parv' ka manana kori bhavukata nahin hai. is bhavukata ka mooly hai. bhavukata men snkramakata hoti hai aur phir shakti ka snchar karati hai. vichar hamari dasha ka nidarshan kar sakate hain kintu kary snpadan ki prabal prerana aur shakti bhavon men hi nihit rahati hai.

bhavatmak shaili-

baboo gulabaray ki is shaili men vicharon aur bhavon ka sundar samanvay hai. yah shaili prabhavashalin hai aur isamen gady kavy ka sa annd ata hai. isaki bhasha atynt saral hai. vaky chhote-chhote hain aur kahin-kahin urdoo ke prachalit shabdon ka bhi prayog hua hai. 'nar se narayan' namak nibndh se is shaili ka ek udaharan- 'sitnbar ke mahine men agare men pani ki trahi-trahi machi thi. mainne bhi vaishy dharm ke palane ke lie pas ke ek khet men chari 'bo' rakhi thi. jvar ki pattiyan ainth-ainth kar battiyan ban gee thin.

hasy aur vinodapoorn shaili

baboo gulabaray ne apane nibndhon ki nirasata ko door karane ke lie gnbhir vishayon ke varnan men hasy aur vyngy ka put bhi diya hai. is vishay men unhonne likha hai- 'ab main prayah gnbhir vishayon men bhi hasy ka samavesh karane laga hoon. jahan hasy ke karan arth ka anarth hone ki snbhavana ho athava atynt karun prasng ho to hasy se bachoonga anyatha main prasng gat hasy ka utana hi svagat karata hoon jitana ki kripan ya koee bhi anayas ae hue dhan ka.' is shaili men hasy ka samavesh karane ke lie gubab ray ji ya to muhavaron ka sahara lete hain ya shlesh ka. is shaili ke vaky kuchh bade hain. isamen urdoo, farasi ke shabdon aur muhavaron ka bhi prayog hua hai.

rachanaen

dak tikat par baboo gulabaray aur unaki rachanaen

'thalua klab', 'kuchh uthale-kuchh gahare', 'phir nirash kyon' unaki charchit rachanaen hain. unhonne apani atmakatha 'meri asaphalataen' nam se likhi. anndapriyata baboo gulabaray ke parivar ki ek khas visheshata rahi thi. vah sabhi tyohar badi dhoomadham se manate the. umr ke sath varsh bitane par unhonne in utsavon men apana janmadin manane ka ek utsav aur jod liya tha. is din agara men unake ghar 'gomati nivas' par ek sahityik goshthi hoti thi. isamen anek sahityakar ate the. baboo gulabaray ne maulik grnthon ki rachana ke sath-sath anek grnthon ka snpadan bhi kiya hai. inaki rachanaen is prakar hain-

alochanatmak rachanaen
  • navaras
  • hindi sahity ka subodh itihas hindi
  • naty vimarsh
  • alochana kusumanjali
  • kavy ke roop
  • siddhant
  • adhyayan
darshanasnbndhi
  • kartavy
  • shastr
  • tark shastr
  • bauddh dharm pashchaty darshanon ka itihas
  • bharatiy snskriti ki rooparekha
bal sahity
  • vigyan varta
  • bal prabodh
nibndh sngrah
  • prakar prabhakar
  • jivan-pashu-thalua klab
  • meri asaphalataen
  • mere manasik upadan
snpadan grnth
  • saty harishchndr
  • bhasha-bhooshan
  • kadnbari katha-sar

samman aur puraskar

baboo gulabaray ko sahityik sevaon ke phalasvaroop 'agara vishvavidyalay' ne unhen 'di. lit.' ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha. unake samman men bharatiy dakatar vibhag ne 22 joon, 2002 ko ek dak tikat jari kiya jisaka mooly 5 rupaye tha aur jis par baboo gulabaray ke chitr ke sath unaki tin pramukh pustakon ko bhi pradarshit kiya gaya tha.

nidhan

baboo gulabaray ne apane jivan ke antim kal tak sahity ki seva ki. san 1963 men agara men unaka svargavas hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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