शिवराम कारंत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shivaram karnt
Shivarama-karanth.jpg
poora nam kota shivaram karnt
janm 10 aktoobar, 1902
janm bhoomi kota, karnatak
mrityu 9 disambar, 1997
mrityu sthan udupi, karnatak
karm bhoomi karnatak
karm-kshetr svatntr lekhan
mukhy rachanaen 'garbhagudi', 'ekant natakagalu', 'muktadvar', 'choman dudi', 'marali mannige', 'bettad jiv' adi.
bhasha kannad
puraskar-upadhi di.lit., sahity akadami puraskar (1958), gyanapith puraskar (1977), svidish akadami puraskar (1960)
nagarikata bharatiy
vidha natak, upanyas, kahani, atmakatha.
any janakari shivaram karnt ko desh ke pratishthit samman 'padm bhooshan' se bhi sammanit kiya gaya tha, kintu unhonne apat kal ke dauran ise lauta diya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

kota shivaram karnt (angrezi: Kota Shivaram Karanth, janm- 10 aktoobar, 1902, kota, karnatak; mrityu- 9 disambar, 1997, udupi) kannad bhasha ke vikhyat sahityakar the. apane kala vishayak gyan ke bal par unhonne yakshagan ke antarng men pravesh karane ka sahas kiya. kala vishayak kshetr men shivaram karnt ka yogadan mahattvapoorn mana jata hai. unhonne apani paini drishti se bahut pahale hi bhanp liya tha ki vartaman shiksha pranali men kya kami aur dosh hain aur phir avasar ate hi apane vichar ko vyavaharik roop dene ke lie vah svayn pathy pustaken likhane, shabdakoshon tatha vishvakoshon ko taiyar karane men ji jan se jut pade the.

vyaktigat jivan

kota shivaram karnt ke man men bachapan se hi prakriti ke prati bahut akarshan tha. skool ki padhaee ne unhen kabhi nahin bandha. yahi karan tha ki 1922 men gandhiji ki pukar kan men padate hi vah kaaulej chhodakar rachanatmak karyakram men lag ge. kuchh hi samay ke bhitar unhen laga samaj ko sudharane se pahale logon ki prakriti aur sari sthiti ko samajh lena bahut avashyak hai, at: vahin se vah ek svatntr path ka nirman karane men jut pade unhonne apani paini drishti se bahut pahale hi bhanp liya tha ki vartaman shiksha pranali men kya kami aur dosh hain aur phir avasar ate hi apane vichar ko vyavaharik roop dene ke lie vah svayn pathy pustaken likhane, shabdakoshon tatha vishvakoshon ko taiyar karane men ji jan se jut pade. shuruat unhonne karnatak kala se ki aur phir vah snpoorn vishvavyapi kala tak pahunch ge.

kala vishayak gyan

apane kala vishayak gyan ke bal par shivaram karnt ne yakshagan ke antarng men pravesh karane ka sahas kiya. kala vishayak kshetr men unaka yogadan mahattvapoorn mana jata hai. shivaram karnt ne apana dhyan manav aur usaki paristhiti ko dekhane par kendrit kiya. unake kee upanyas ek ke bad ek prakashit hue. isase spasht hota hai ki charon or ke vastavik jivan ko unhonne bahut sookshmata ke sath parakha tha. sabase adhik vah isase prabhavit hue ki badi du:khad ghatanaon ke bich bhi manushy ki sahaj jine ki ichchha bani rahati hai.

mookajjiy kanasugalu

mookajjiy kanasugalu [1] men shivaram karnt ne anveshan ki ek bilkul nee aur virat yatra ki hai. unaka uddeshy (hindi anuvad mookajji) pustak ke madhyam se pragaitihasik kal se lekar vartaman kal tak ki manav sabhyata ka parichay dena tha. unhonne ek aisi vidhava vriddha ki kalpana ki, jisaki kuchh adhimanasik snvedanaen jagrat thi. vah is kriti dvara yah pramanit karana chahate the ki manushy ki eeshvar snbndhi dharana itihas men nirntar badalati aee hai aur seks jaisi jaivik pravrittiyan jivan ka itana anivary ang hai ki vairagy dharan ke nam unaki varjana sarvatha anuchit hai. yah vriddha desh ke prachin moolyon ke pratinidhi - roop pipal ke ped tale baith kar apane pautr ko, arthath ham sabhi ko sudoor atit ka darshan karati hai aur is pratyek prasng men unaka bal ek hi bat par hota ki ham jivan ko, jaisa vah tha aur jaisa ab hai ek sath lete hue snpoorn roop men dekhen. adi se ant tak is upanyas men kal ke sau chhoron ko ek sath lekar kanrat ne apana vaktavy vriddha mookajji ke madhyam se prastut kiya hai.

chomana dudi

shivaram karnt ke upanyas 'chomana dudi' par isi nam se film bhi ban chuki hai, jise 1976 ka sarvashreshth film ka 'rashtriy puraskar' bhi mil chuka hai.

kritiyan

mookajji upanyas

shivaram karnt ki pramukh kritiyan is prakar hai:-

natak
  • karnarjun (1927)
  • narad garvabhng (1932)
  • navin natakagalu (1946)
  • mngalarati (1956)
  • kichak sairndhri (1970)
kahani
atmakatha
  • huchchu manassin hattu mukhagalu
yatra-vritant
  • chitramay dakshin kannad (1934)
kala vishayak
  • bharatiy chitrakale (1930)
  • yakshagan (1971)
  • chaluky vastushilp (1969)
  • bharatiy vastushilp (1975)
  • kala prapnch (1978)
upanyas
nibndh
  • gyan
  • chikkadoddavaroo
  • halliy hattu samastaru
vishv kosh, shabdakosh v gyan vishayak
  • bal prapnch (1936)
  • sirigannad arthakosh (1941)
  • vigyan prapnch (1956)
  • vichitr khagol(1965)

samman aur puraskar

shivaram karnt ko 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya gaya tha, kintu unhonne apat kal ke dauran ise lauta diya. varsh 1959 men unhen 'sahity akadami puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya. isake bad varsh 1977 men 'gyanapith puraskar' se bhi unaka samman kiya gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. karnt, shivaram [janavari 1979] (1) mookajji (hindi). bharatiy gyanapith, 223. 81-263-0594-0. abhigaman tithi: 30 navambar, 2010.

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