गोविंद शंकर कुरुप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

govind shnkar kurup
govind shnkar kurup
poora nam govind shnkar kurup
janm 5 joon, 1901
janm bhoomi nayattot, keral
mrityu 2 faravari, 1978
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen sahity kautukam, vishvadarshanam, lekhamal, jivanasngitamh, sndhy, iroottinu munpu adi.
bhasha malayalam
puraskar-upadhi 'sahity akadami puraskar' (1963) aur 'jhnanapith puraskar' (1965)
prasiddhi sahityakar
nagarikata bharatiy
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

govind shnkar kurup (angrezi: Govind Sankara Kurup, janm- 5 joon, 1901, nayattot, keral; mrityu- 2 faravari, 1978) 'gyanapith puraskar' se sammanit malayali bhasha ke ek prasiddh sahityakar the. unhonne kochin rajy ki 'pndit' pariksha pas karake adhyapan ki yogyata prapt ki thi. usake bad do varsh tak ve yahan-vahan adhyapan kary bhi karate rahe the. 'mahakavi' govind shnkar kurup ki 40 se adhik maulik aur anoodit kritiyan prakashit ho chuki hain.

janm

govind shnkar kurup ka janm 5 joon, 1901 ee. ko keral ke nayattot namak sthan par hua tha. apane mama ‘govind’ ke nam par hi unaka nam 'govind shnkar kuroop pada'. parivar men vnsh parnpara matrikul se chalane ki pratha hone ke karan inaka kulanam bhi 'kurup' hua. snyog se unhin dinon nayattot men ek prathamik pathashala ki sthapana huee. balak kurup ko vahan bharti kara diya gaya. govind shnkar ne vahan jakar anubhav kiya ki prakritik drishy-chhaviyon ko dekhakar unake bhitar svat: sphoort ek arup aur vichitr-sa alodan hota hai, jisaka ab unhen gyan hone laga tha. govind shnkar ke jivan men do ghatanaen bhi usi samay ghatin, jo yoon to samany thin, par kavi shnkar kurup ki kavy–chetana ke pratham ankur phootane men paroksh roop se sahayak siddh huee. ek thi us yug ke varishth malayalam kavi kunjikuttan tnpuran ka nayattot ana aur doosari thi, nauka se tottavay devalay jate hue ugate soory ke pratham sparsh se lahariyon ke nartan ka darshan.

shiksha

bachapan men hi govind shnkar ke pita ki ashish-chhaya sir se uth jane ke bad unaki dekharekh aur shiksha adi ka dayitv unake mama govind kurup ne nibhaya. ganv ki us prathamik pathashala men shiksha ka prabndh tisari kaksha tak hi tha. phir kisi prakar vyavastha karake balak kurup ko 7 mil (lagabhag 11.2 ki.mi.) door sthit perunpavoor ke malayalam midil skool bheja gaya. perunpavoor men chhatravas ke jivan men ek mukt vatavaran mila, jo kavi shnkar ki asphut pratibha ke jagrit hone men vishesh prerak v sahayak hua. vahan ek saghnn van tha, jahan lata-kunjon se ghira bhagavati vanadevi ka ek arddhabhagn mndir tha. nana pakshiyon ka kalarav–koojan nirntar chalata rahata tha. prakriti `ki us unnamukt shobharashi se mugdh hue shnkar ghnton-ghnton vahan baithe rahate aur pray: snskrit chhndon men phutakar shlokon ki rachana karate. satavin kaksha ke govind shnkar ji moovattupusha malayalam haeeskool pahunche. vahan do varsh rahe, par ye do varsh unake vikas ki drishti se atynt mahattvapoorn aur ek prakar se disha nirnayak siddh hue.

vyavasayik shuruat

shnkar kurup ne kochin rajy ki ‘pndit’ pariksha pas karake adhyapan ki yogyata prapt ki. vah do varsh tak yahan-vahan adhyapan ka kam bhi karate rahe. unake kavita sngrah, sahity kautukamh ke pahale bhag ki kuchh kavitaen isi kal ki hain. par apana abhisht unhen tab prapt hua, jab vah tiroovilvamala haee skool men adhyapak niyukt hue. 1921 se 1925 tak shnkar kurup tiroovilvamala men rahen. prakriti ke prati prarnbh men jo ek sahaj akarshan bhav tha, usane in char varshon men annay upasak ki bhavana ka roop le liya. tiroovilvamala se kurup 1925 men chalakuti haeeskool pahunche. usi varsh 'sahity kautukam' ka doosara bhag prakashit hua. 1931 men 'nalen' shirshak kavita ke prakashan ne sahity jagath men ek halachal-si macha di. kuchh logon ne use rajadrohatmak tak kaha aur usake karan 'maharaja kaaulej', ernakulam men pradhyapak pad par unaki niyukti men bhi ek bar badha aee. 1937 se 1956 men sevanivritt hone tak is kaaulej men vah malayalam ke pradhyapak rahe. yahan avakash prapt kar lene ke uparant vah akashavani ke trivendram kendr men prodyoosar rahe.

kavy kriti

govind shnkar kurup ki kavy kriti 'otkkushath' ka pratham snskaran varsh 1950 men prakashit hua tha. isake mool roop men 60 kavitaen thin. vartaman roop men 58 kavitaen hain. in kavitaon ke madhyam se kavi ke vibhinn roop bhavon ka parichay milata hai. kavi prakriti aur usaki shiv sundar rahasyamayata ki anubhooti men prakriti ke kan-kan aur kshan-kshan ki mugdhakari saundary chhavi men para chetanashakti ka abhas prapt karata hai. use jaise sakshat pratiti hoti hai, ki virat prakriti aur vah svayn ek anadi v annt chaitany ke ansh hai. kee utkrisht prem kavitaen isamen sammilit hai. lekin yah prem bhi nar–nari ka nahin prakriti aur nikhil brahm–chetana ka hai, jisaka yah snpoorn srishtichakr pratiphalan hai.

kavita sngrah

'mahakavi' govind shnkar kurup ki 40 se adhik maulik aur anoodit kritiyan prakashit hai. unake likhe kuchh kavita sngrah nimnalikhit hain-

natak

samman

govind shnkar kurup ko sahity akadami puraskar (1963) aur gyanapith puraskar (1965) se sammanit kiya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah