नर्मद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

narmad
Narmad.jpg
poora nam narmadashnkar lal shnkar dave
janm 24 agast, 1833
janm bhoomi soorat, gujarat
mrityu 26 faravari, 1886
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak lalashnkar
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr kavi, upanyasakar
mukhy rachanaen narmagady, narmakosh, narmakathakosh, mari hakikat, sarashakuntal, ramajanaki darshan adi.
bhasha gujarati bhasha
vishesh yogadan gujarati sahity men unake samay ko 'narmad yug' ke roop men jana jata hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
sthapana buddhivardhak sabha
any janakari narmad ek samaj sudharak bhi the. unhonne 'buddhivardhak sabha' ki sthapana ki thi. narmad jo kahate, us par svayn bhi amal karate the. unhonne ek vidhava se vivah kiya tha aur samajik buraiyon ka virodh karane ke lie 'dandiyo' nam ka ek patr nikala.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

narmad athava narmadashnkar dave (angrezi: Narmad athava Narmadashankar Dave, janm- 24 agast, 1833, soorat; mrityu- 26 faravari, 1886 mumbee) gujarati bhasha ke yug pravartak mane jane vale rachanakar the. jis prakar hindi sahity men adhunik kal ke arnbhik ansh ko 'bharatendu yug' sngya di jati hai, usi prakar gujarati men navin chetana ke pratham kalakhnd ko 'narmad yug' kaha jata hai. bharatendu ki tarah hi unaki pratibha bhi sarvatomukhi thi. narmad ne ne vishayon par pady aur gady men rachanaen kin. prakriti svatntrata adi vishayon par rachanaen arnbh karane ka shrey narmad ko jata hai.

jivan parichay

janm

gujarati bhasha ke yug pravartak mane jane vale rachanakar narmad ka janm soorat ke brahman parivar men 24 agast, 1833 ee. ko hua tha. narmad ke pita lalashnkar mumbee men nivas karate the. narmad ki madhyamik shiksha vahin ke elphinstan instityoot men snpann huee. unaka poora nam narmadashnkar lal shnkar dave tha, lekin rachanaen unhonne 'narmad' nam se ki hain.

vivah

us samay ki pratha ke anusar 11 varsh ki umr men hi narmad ka vivah ho gaya tha. soorat ki prarnbhik shiksha ke bad jab ve mumbee men adhyayan kar rahe the tabhi apane shvasur ke adesh par grihasthi snbhalane ke lie unhen vapas akar soorat men 15 rupe masik vetan ki adhyapan kary svikar karana pada.

karyakshetr

narmad ne 22 varsh ki umr men pahali kavita likhi. tab sahity ke vibhinn angon ko samriddh karane ka kram arnbh ho gaya. kuchh samay tak unhonne mumbee men adhyapak ka kam kiya, par vahan ka vatavaran anukool n pakar use tyag diya aur 23 navnbar, 1858 ko apani qalam ko sambodhit karake bole- "lekhani ab main teri god men hoon." 24 varshon tak ve poori tarah se sahity seva men hi lage rahe. pahale unaki rachana ke vishay gyan bhakti vairagy adi hua karate the.

narmad yug

jis prakar hindi sahity men adhunik kal ke arnbhik ansh ko 'bharatendu yug' sngya di jati hai, usi prakar gujarati men navin chetana ke pratham kalakhnd ko 'narmad yug' kaha jata hai. bharatendu ki tarah hi unaki pratibha bhi sarvatomukhi thi. unhonne gujarati sahity ko gady, pady sabhi dishaon men samriddhi pradan ki, kintu kavy ke kshetr men unaka sthan vishesh hai. lagabhag sabhi prachalit vishayon par unhonne kavy rachana ki. mahakavy aur mahachhndon ke svapnadarshi kavi narmad ka vyaktitv gujarati sahity men advitiy hai. gujarat ke prakhyat sahityakar munshi ne narmad ko 'arvachinon men ady' kaha hai.

rachanaen

narmad ne ne vishayon par pady aur gady men rachanaen kin. prakriti svatntrata adi vishayon par rachanaen arnbh karane ka shrey narmad ko jata hai. pratham gadyakar ke roop men unhonne nibndh, charitr lekhan, natak, itihas adi sabhi vidhaon ki rachanaon dvara gujarati sahity ka bhndar bhar diya.

narmad ki pramukh rachanaen
gady
  • narmagady
  • narmakosh
  • narmakathakosh
  • dharmavichar
  • joonrin narmagady
natak
  • sarashakuntal
  • ramajanaki darshan
  • dvaupadi darshan
  • balakrishn vijay
  • krishnakumari
kavita
  • narm kavita
  • hinduoni padati
atmakatha
  • mari hakikat

'mari hakikat' namak unaki atmakatha ko gujarati ki pahali atmakatha hone ka gaurav prapt hai. unaki adhikansh kavitaen 1855 aur 1867 ke bich likhi geen. gujarati ke pratham kosh ka nirman unhonne bahut arthik hani uthakar bhi kiya tha.

samaj sudharak

narmad ek samaj sudharak bhi the. unhonne 'buddhivardhak sabha' ki sthapana ki thi. narmad jo kahate, us par svayn bhi amal karate the. unhonne ek vidhava se vivah kiya tha aur samajik buraiyon ka virodh karane ke lie 'dandiyo' nam ka ek patr nikala. narmad ko vir tatha shrringar ke varnan men adhik ruchi thi. narmad ka apana vishesh sthan hai aur gujarati sahity men unake samay ko 'narmad yug' ke roop men jana jata hai.

mrityu

gujarati sahity ke amooly ratn narmad ki mrityu 26 faravari, 1886 ko mumbee men huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

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