शिवपूजन सहाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shivapoojan sahay
shivapoojan sahay
poora nam achary shivapoojan sahay
janm 9 agast, 1893
janm bhoomi shahabad, bihar
mrityu 21 janavari, 1963
mrityu sthan patana
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity, patrakarita,
mukhy rachanaen 'dehati duniyan', 'matavala madhuri', 'gnga', 'jagaran', 'himalay', 'hindi bhasha aur sahity', 'shivapoojan rachanavali' adi.
vishay gady, upanyas, kahani
puraskar-upadhi padm bhooshan (1960)
prasiddhi kahanikar, patrakar, upanyasakar, sampadak
vishesh yogadan ap 1910 se 1960 ee. tak vibhinn patr-patrikaon men saragarbhit lekh likhate rahe. us dauran unhonne hindi patron aur patrakarita ki sthiti par bhi gnbhir tippaniyan ki thin.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari shivapoojan sahay ki 'dehati duniyan' (1926 ee.) prayogatmak charitr pradhan aupanyasik kriti hai. isaki pahali pandulipi lakhanoo ke hindoo-muslim dnge men nasht ho gayi thi. isaka shivapoojan sahay ko bahut du:kh tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

achary shivapoojan sahay (angrezi: Acharya Shivpujan Sahay, janm- 9 agast, 1893, shahabad, bihar; mrityu- 21 janavari, 1963, patana) hindi sahity men ek upanyasakar, kahanikar, sampadak aur patrakar ke roop men prasiddh the. inake likhe hue prarambhik lekh 'lakshmi', 'manornjan' tatha 'pataliputr' adi patrikaon men prakashit hote the. shivapoojan sahay ne 1934 ee. men 'laheriyasaray' (darabhnga) jakar masik patr 'balak' ka sampadan kiya. svatntrata ke bad shivapoojan sahay 'bihar rashtrabhasha parishad' ke snchalak tatha 'bihar hindi sahity sammelan' ki or se prakashit 'sahity' namak shodh-samikshapradhan traimasik patr ke sampadak the.

janm aur shiksha

shivapoojan sahay ka janm san 1893 ee. unavas gram, upasnbhag baksar, shahabad­ zila (bihar) men hua tha. 1912 ee. men ara nagar ke ek haeeskool se shivapoojan sahay ne maitrik ki pariksha uttirn ki thi. unhonne samajik jivan ka shubharambh hindi shikshak ke roop men kiya aur sahity ke kshetr men patr-patrikaon ke madhyam se aye. shivapoojan sahay ke arambhik lekh tatha kahaniyan 'shiksha', 'lakshmi', 'manornjan' tatha 'pataliputr' adi patrikaon men prakashit hote the.

sevaen

shivapoojan sahay ki sevaen hindi patrakarita ke kshetr men ullekhaniy hain. 1921-1922 ee. ke as-pas shivapoojan sahay ne ara se nikalane vale 'maravadi sudhar' namak masik patrika ka sampadan kiya. unhonne 1923 ee. men ve kalakatta ke 'matavala mandal' ke sadasy hue aur kuchh samay ke lie 'adarsh', 'upanyas tarng', tatha 'samanvay' adi patron men sampadan ka kary kiya. shivapoojan sahay ne 1925 ee. men kuchh mas ke lie 'madhuri' ke sampadakiy vibhag ko apani sevaen arpit kin. vah 1930 ee. men sultanagnj-bhagalapur se prakashit hone vali 'gnga' namak masik patrika ke sampadak mandal ke sadasy bhi hue. ek varsh ke uparant kashi men rahakar unhonne sahityik pakshik 'jagaran' ka sampadan kiya. shivapoojan sahay kashi men kee varsh tak rahe. 1934 ee. men laheriyasaray (darabhnga) jakar masik patr 'balak' ka sampadan kiya. bharat ki svatntrata ke bad shivapoojan sahay 'bihar rashtrabhasha parishad' ke snchalak tatha 'bihar hindi sahity sammelan' ki or se prakashit 'sahity' namak shodh-samikshapradhan traimasik patr ke sampadak the.

lekhan kary

shivapoojan sahay ki likhi huee pustaken vibhinn vishayon se sambaddh hain tatha unaki vidhaen bhi bhinn-bhinn hain. 'bihar ka bihar' bihar prant ka bhaugolik evn aitihasik varnan prastut karati hai. 'vibhooti' men kahaniyan snkalit hain. 'dehati duniyan' (1926 ee.) prayogatmak charitr pradhan aupanyasik kriti hai. isaki pahali pandulipi lakhanoo ke hindoo-muslim dnge men nasht ho gayi thi. isaka shivapoojan sahay ji ko bahut du:kh tha. unhonne dubara vahi pustak phir likhakar prakashit karayi, kintu usase shivapoojan sahay ko poora sntosh nahin hua. shivapoojan sahay kaha karate the ki- "pahale ki likhi huee chiz kuchh aur hi thi." 'gram sudhar' tatha 'annapoorna ke mandir men' namak do pustaken gramoddharasambandhi lekhon ke sngrah hain. inake atirikt 'do padi' ek hasyarasatmak kriti hai, 'man ke sapoot' balopayogi tatha 'arjun' aur 'bhishm' namak do pustaken mahabharat ke do patron ki jivani ke roop men likhi gayi hain. shivapoojan sahay ne anek pustakon ka sampadan bhi kiya, jinamen 'rajendr abhinandan granth' vishesh roop se ullekhaniy hain. 'bihar rashtrabhasha parishad', (patana) ne inaki vibhinn rachanaon ko ab tak char khandon men 'shivapoojan rachanavali' ke nam se prakashit kiya hai.

vishisht sthan

shivapoojan sahay ka hindi ke gady sahity men ek vishisht sthan hai. unaki bhasha badi sahaj thi. inhonne urdoo ke shabdon ka prayog dhadalle se kiya hai aur prachalit muhavaron ke santulit upayog dvara lokaruchi ka sparsh karane ki cheshta ki hai. shivapoojan sahay ne kahin-kahin alnkar pradhan anupras bahul bhasha ka bhi vyavahar kiya hai aur gady men pady ki si chhata utpann karane ki cheshta ki hai. bhasha ke is padyatmak svaroop ke bavazood shivapoojan sahay ke gady lekhan men gambhiry ka abhav nahin hai. shivapoojan sahay ki shaili oj-gun sampann hai aur yatr-tatr usamen vaktritv kala ki visheshataen upalabdh hoti hain.

hindi-seva

shivapoojan sahay ka samast jivan hindi ki seva ki kahani hai. inhonne apane jivan ka adhikansh bhag hindi bhasha ki unnati evn usake prachar-prasar men vyatit kiya hai. 'bihar hindi sahity sammelan' tatha 'bihar rashtrabhasha parishad' namak hindi ki do prasiddh snsthaen inaki kirti katha ke amooly smarak ke roop men hain. inake snsmaran men bihar se smriti granth bhi prakashit hua hai.

rachanaen

achary shivapoojan sahay ki pramukh rachanaen nimnalikhit hain-

  1. 'dehati duniyan' - 1926
  2. 'matavala madhuri' - 1924
  3. 'gnga' - 1931
  4. 'jagaran' - 1932
  5. 'himalay' - 1946
  6. 'sahity' - 1950
  7. 'vahi din vahi log' - 1965
  8. 'mera jivan' - 1985
  9. 'smriti shesh' - 1994
  10. 'hindi bhasha aur sahity' - 1996

sahayak granth - 'shivapoojan rachanavali' (char khandon men), bihar rashtriy bhasha parishadh, patana.

patrakarita men yogadan

hindi patrakarita ke purodha achary shivapoojan sahay 1910 se 1960 ee. tak vibhinn patr-patrikaon, jaise- 'aj', 'sanmarg', 'aryavart', 'himalay' adi men saragarbhit lekh likhate rahe. us dauran unhonne hindi patron aur patrakarita ki sthiti par bhi gnbhir tippaniyan ki thin. apane lekhon ke jariye ve jahan bhasha ke prati sajag dikhaee dete the, vahin poonjipatiyon ke dabav men snpadakon ke adhikaron par hote kutharaghat par chinta bhi jahir karate the. apane lekh "hindi ke dainik patr" men achary shivapoojan sahay ne likha tha ki- "log dainik patron ka sahityik mahatv nahin samajhate, balki ve unhen rajanitik jagaran ka sadhan matr samajhate hain. kintu hamare desh ke dainik patron ne jahan desh ko udbuddh karane ka athak prayas kiya hai, vahin hindi premi janata men sahityik chetana jagane ka shrey bhi paya hai. aj pratyek shreni ki janata badi lagan aur utsukata se dainik patron ko padhati hai. dainik patron ki dinondin badhati huee lokapriyata hindi ke hit sadhan men bahut sahayak ho rahi hai. aj hamen har bat men dainik patron ki sahayata avashyak jan padati hai. bhasha aur sahity ki unnati men bhi dainik patron se bahut sahara mil sakata hai."[1]

shivapoojan sahay ka yah bhi kahana tha ki "bharat ki sadharan janata tak pahunchane ke lie dainik patr hi sarvottam sadhan hain. desh-deshantar ke samacharon ke sath bhasha aur sahity ka sndesh bhi dainik patron dvara asani se janata tak pahuncha sakate hain aur pahunchate aye hain. kuchh dainik patr to prati saptah apana ek vishesh snskaran bhi nikalate hain, jisamen kitane hi saptahikon aur masikon se bhi achchhi sahityik samagri rahati hai. dainik patron dvara ham roj-b-roj ki rajanitik pragati ka vistrit vivaran hi nahin pate, balki samaj ki vaicharik sthitiyon ka vivaran bhi pate hain. halanki kabhi-kabhi kuchh sahityik samacharon ko padhakar hi sntosh kar lete hain. bhasha aur sahity se snbndh rakhane vali bahut kuchh aisi samasyaen hain, jinaki or janata ka dhyan akrisht karane ki badi avashyakata hai, kintu yah kam dainik patron ne shayad un saptahikon v masikon par chhod diya hai, jinaki pahunch v paith janata men aj utani nahin hai, jitani dainik patron ki. dainik patr ajakal nity ke ann-jal ki bhanti janata ke jivan ke ang banate ja rahe hain. yadyapi ye patr bhasha-sahity snbndhi prashnon ko bhi janata ke samane roj-roj rakhate jate, to nishchit roop se kitane hi abhav door ho jate."

samman

shivapoojan sahay ko sahity evn shiksha ke kshetr men unake ullekhaniy yogadan ke lie san 1960 ee. men 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya gaya tha.

nidhan

ek kahanikar, sampadak aur patrakar ke rup men vishisht sthan banane vale is mahanh sahityakar ka nidhan 21 janavari, 1963 men patana, bihar men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. poonjivadi manovritti aur patrakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 mee, 2013.

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