मुंशी दयानारायण निगम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

munshi dayanarayan nigam
munshi dayanarayan nigam
poora nam munshi dayanarayan nigam
janm 22 march, 1882
janm bhoomi kanapur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 1942
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr urdoo ke prasiddh patrakar aur samaj sudharak
vidyalay 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay', uttar pradesh
prasiddhi 'zamana' ke sampadak
vishesh yogadan dayanarayan nigam ne masik patr 'zamana' ke madhyam se 'urdoo sahity' ki abhootapoorv seva ki.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 'navabaray' ke nam se likhane vale 'dhanapataray shrivastav' ko 'premachand' ka nam bhi dayanarayan nigam ji ne hi diya tha.

munshi dayanarayan nigam (angrezi: Munshi Dayanarain Nigam, janm- 22 march, 1882, kanapur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 1942) urdoo ke prasiddh patrakar aur samaj sudharak the. ve bisavin sadi ke prarnbh men kanapur se prakashit hone vali urdoo patrika 'zamana' ke snpadak the. inhonne prasiddh lekhak munshi premachand ki pahali kahani 'duniya ka sabase anamol ratan' prakashit ki thi. mohammad iqabal ki prasiddh rachana 'sare jahan se achchha hindostan hamara' bhi 'zamana' men hi pahali bar prakashit huee thi. bharat ke vishvavikhyat lekhak munshi premachand aur dayanarayan nigam men bahut gahari mitrata thi. 'navabaray' ke nam se likhane vale dhanapataray shrivastav ko 'premachand' ka nam bhi dayanarayan nigam ji ne hi diya tha.

janm tatha shiksha

munshi dayanarayan nigam ka janm 22 march, 1882 ko uttar pradesh rajy ke kanapur shahar men hua tha. unhonne 'ilahabad vishvavidyalay', uttar pradesh se shiksha paee thi. nigam ji vidvanh vyaktitv ke dhani the. ve angrezi, urdoo, farasi ke sath-sath ye bngala, gujarati aur marathi bhashaon ke bhi gyata the.

sampadak v samaj sudharak

dayanarayan nigam ne masik patr 'zamana' ke madhyam se 'urdoo sahity' ki abhootapoorv seva ki. yadyapi nigam ji rashtriy vicharon ke vyakti the, kintu sngharsh ki rajaniti se ve pray: alag hi rahe. samaj sudhar unaka priy vishay tha, aur ve antarjatiy aur 'vidhava vivah' par bada bal dete the. kahate hain ki unake agrah par hi munshi premachand ek vidhava stri se vivah karane ke lie taiyar hue the. munshi premachand ki adhikansh urdoo rachanaen 'zamana' men hi chhapati thin. mohammad iqabal ki prasiddh rachana 'sare jahan se achchha hindostan hamara' bhi 'zamana' men hi pahali bar prakashit huee thi.

premachand se mitrata

vishv prasiddh lekhak premachand ki munshi dayanarayan nigam se badi ghanishth mitrata thi. premachand ji ne apane jivan-kal men hazaron patr likhe the, lekin unake jo patr kal ka gras banane se bach gaye aur jo samprati upalabdh hain, unamen se sarvadhik patr ve hain, jo unhonne apane samay ki mashahoor urdoo masik patrika 'zamana' ke yashasvi sampadak munshi dayanarayan nigam ko likhe the. yadyapi dayanarayan nigam premachand se do varsh chhote the, lekin premachand unako sada apane bade bhaee jaisa samman dete the.[1]

premachand ko sahityik pahachan dilana

in donon vibhootiyon ke parasparik sambandhon ko paribhashit karana to atyant durooh kary hai, lekin premachand ke is adar bhav ka karan yah pratit hota hai ki premachand ko sahityik snsar men pahachan dilane ka mahanh kary nigam ji ne unaki rachanaon ko 'zamana' men nirantar prakashit karake hi kiya tha aur us kal ki patrikaon men to yahan tak prakashit hua ki premachand ko premachand banane ka shrey yadi kisi ko hai to munshi dayanarayan nigam ko hi hai. yah tathy ullekhaniy hai ki 'navabaray' ke lekhakiy nam se likhane vale 'dhanapataray shrivastav' ne 'premachand' ka lekhakiy nam munshi dayanarayan nigam ke sujhav se hi angikrit kiya tha, jisaki chhaya men unaka vastavik tatha any lekhakiy nam gumanami ke andheron men kho gaye. munshi premachand aur munshi dayanarayan nigam ke ghanishth atmiy sambandh hi nigam ji ko sambodhit premachand ke patron ko atyadhik mahattvapoorn bana dete hain, kyonki in patron men premachand ne jahan samajik aur rajanitik samasyaon par charcha ki hai, vahin apani ghareloo tatha arthik samasyaon ki charcha bhi unhonne poori tarah khul kar ki hai.

munshi premachand sada evn saral jivan ke malik the aur ve sadaiv mast rahate the. ve jivan men vishamataon aur katutaon se lagatar khelate rahe. is khel ko unhonne baji man liya, jisako hamesha jitana chahate the. apane jivan ki pareshaniyon ko lekar unhonne ek bar munshi dayanarayan nigam ko ek patr men likha tha ki- "hamara kam to keval khelana hai, khoob dil lagakar khelana, khoob ji tod khelana, apane ko har se is tarah bachana manon ham donon lokon ki snpatti kho baithenge. kintu harane ke pashchath patakhani khane ke bad, dhool jhad khade ho jana chahie aur phir tal thonk kar virodhi se kahana chahie ki ek bar phir. jaisa ki sooradas kah ge hain, "tum jite ham hare. par phir ladenge." kaha jata hai ki premachand hnsod prakriti ke malik the. vishamataon bhare jivan men hnsod hona ek bahadur ka kam hai. isase is bat ko bhi samajha ja sakata hai ki vah apoorv jivani-shakti ka dyotak the. saralata, saujanyata aur udarata ke vah moorti the.[2]

'zamana' ka premachand visheshank

premachand ke manas ko samajhane ke lie munshi dayanarayan nigam ke nam likhe unake patron ke mahattv ka anuman is tathy se laga pana sambhav hai ki jab 8 aktoobar, 1936 ko premachand ke dehavasan ke uparant 'zamana' ka premachand visheshank disambar, 1937 men prakashit hokar sahity-snsar ke hath men aya to usamen 'zamana' ke sampadak dayanarayan nigam ke kee lekh prakashit hue, jinamen sarvadhik mahattvapoorn lekh tha- premachand ke khayalat. is sudirgh lekh men nigam sahab ne premachand ki vichar-yatra ka tathyaparak digdarshan karaya tha. ullekhaniy hai ki is lekh men premachand ki vichar-yatra ko spasht karane ke lie nigam ji ne premachand ke un patron men se 50 se adhik patron ka sarthak prayog kiya, jo unhonne samay-samay par nigam sahab ko likhe the aur jo unhonne bade jatan se snbhalakar rakh chhode the. premachand ke dehavasan ke anantar munshi dayanarayan nigam ne premachand ke ve sabhi patr jinaka upayog ve apane uparyukt lekh men kar chuke the, madan gopal ko saunp die. [1]

nidhan

varsh 1942 ee. men munshi dayanarayan nigam ka dehant ho gaya aur ve pnchatattv men vilin ho gaye.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 premachand ke patr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2013.
  2. premachand ka jivan parichay (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 march, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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