हरिशंकर शर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

harishnkar sharma
harishnkar sharma
poora nam harishnkar sharma
janm 19 agast, 1891, aligadh, uttar pradesh
janm bhoomi haraduagnj, aligadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 9 march, 1968
abhibhavak nathooram shnkar sharma
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahity, patrakarita, lekhan
mukhy rachanaen 'ratnakar', 'hindustani kosh', 'abhinav hindi kosh', 'hindi sahity parichay', 'angrezi sahity parichay', 'ramarajy' adi.
bhasha urdoo, farasi, gujarati tatha marathi adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'padmashri'
prasiddhi sahityakar, patrakar, vyngyakar, lekhak
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh maithilisharan gupt ne inake lie likha tha ki- "harishnkar sharma ke saman sadhumana aur snt sahityakar kam honge. unaki rachanaen dekhakar unaki saumy moorti sammukh pata hoon."
any janakari apane 'aryamitr', 'bhagyoday', 'ary sndesh', 'nirala', 'sadhana', 'prabhakar', 'gyanagnga' tatha 'dainik digvijay' adi kee patr-patrikaon ka kushalata evn svabhiman ke sath sampadan kiya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

harishnkar sharma (angrezi: Harishankar Sharma, janm- 19 agast, 1891, aligadh, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 9 march, 1968) bharat ke prasiddh sahityakar, kavi, lekhak, vyngyakar aur patrakar the. unhen urdoo, farasi, gujarati tatha marathi adi bhashaon ka achchha gyan tha. pndit harishnkar sharma hindi ke kuchh gine chune hasy lekhakon men se ek the. inaki ginati apane samay ke uchch koti ke patrakaron men hoti thi. unhonne kee patr-patrikaon ka saphal sampadan kiya tha. apani rachanaon ke madhyam se harishnkar sharma samaj men phaili roodhiyon, kuritiyon tatha any buraiyon par karari chot karate the.

janm

pndit harishnkar sharma ka janm 19 agast, san 1891 ee. ko uttar pradesh men aligadh janapad ke haraduagnj kasbe men hua tha. inake pita ka nam pndit nathooram shnkar sharma tha. bachapan se hi unhen ghar men sahityik vataran mila tha, jisaka pndit ji par vishesh roop se prabhav pada. ek din vah bhi aya ki ve rashtr ke moordhany sahityakaron men gine jane lage the. harishnkar sharma ke poojy pita pndit nathooram shnkar sharma hindi ke prasiddh kavi the.

shiksha

harishnkar sharma ki shiksha vidhivath kisi skool athava kanlej men nahin huee thi. ghar par rah kar hi unhonne urdoo, farasi, gujarati tatha marathi adi bhashaon ka achchha gyan prapt kar liya tha. pndit ji ke pita ke yahan anek sahityakar unasen bhent karane aya karate the, jinamen achary pndit padamasinh sharma pramukh the. sharma ji apane pita ke sath in sahityakaron ki batachit ko bade dhyan se suna karate the. age chalakar isaka labh sharma ji ko mila aur unake snpark tatha prabhav se apane pita ki bhanti ek din ve svny ek kavi, lekhak, patrakar evn vyngyakar ke roop men vikhyat ho ge.

vyaktitv

  • vyaktitv se harishnkar sharma svabhimani the. prasiddh nibandhakar baboo gulabaray ne unake bare me likha tha- "samaj ka koee prani ahamh se mukt nahin hai. shikshit samaj ke bhi ninyanave pratishat janon ka ahamh dambh ki simaon men jakada hai. pndit ji ka saral, saumy, svabhimani vyaktitv un simaon se mukt hai. unaka ahamh apane lie n hokar apane sahity srashta varg ke lie hai. vinat ke samane ve svny vinamr hain. hath jodakar abhivadan karane vale unhen panv chhookar pranam karane valon se kam priy nahin hain".
  • prasiddh sahityakar vishnu prabhakar to unako saralata ki pratimoorti manate the. unake anusar- pndit harishnkar sharma us kheme ke vyakti the, jo paraspar ke snbadh ko sabase adhik mahatv dete the. unake bhare hue chehare par saumyata bikhari rahati thi aur unake nayan ek ullas se chamakate rahate the. ve hnsana khoob janate the. ve hindi ke gine chune hasy lekhakon men se ek the. nahin janata ki rachanaon ko padhakar ve kitane hnsate hai, par yah avashy janata hoon ki kuchh samay unake pas baithane par vishad duahkh, chinta pas nahin phatakati thi.
  • harishnkar sharma uttar pradesh ke pramukh krantikariyon men se ek krantikari the. unaka jhukav rajaniti ki or tha aur bharat ke krantikariyon ke prati unaki gahari dilachaspi thi. un dinon sanh 1930 men kangres ka andolan poore jor par tha aur usi prakar usaka daman bhi kiya ja raha tha. harishnkar sharma ki ankhon men agara jile ka hindustani dipti kalektar bahut khatak raha tha, jo andolanakariyon ka daman karane ke lie kukhyat tha. unhee maloom pad gaya ki vah dipti kalektar agara se phirojabad pahunch rahe hai. harishnkar sharma ne bam banana sikh liya tha. unhonne botal ke andar ek bom taiyar kiya aur use apane kapado men chhipakar ek aise sthan par chhip ge, jidhar se vah dipti kalketar nikalane vala tha. durbhagy se vah bam pahale hi phat gaya aur svayn harishnkar sharma lahooluhan hokar bhoomi par pade rahe. unaki pahachan ke ek sajjan shri radharaman ne unhe aspatal pahunchaya; par vah bachae nahin ja sake. ek sukumar krantikari apana maun balidan de ge.[1]

uchch koti ke patrakar

harishnkar sharma uchch koti ke patrakar the. 'aryamitr' tatha 'bhagyoday' ke atirikt apane, 'ary sndesh', 'nirala', 'sadhana', 'prabhakar', 'sainik', 'karmayog', 'gyanagnga' tatha 'dainik digvijay' adi kee patr-patrikaon ka kushalata evn svabhiman ke sath sampadan kiya tha. ap unamen vividh vishayon se snbndhit samragi ke sath-sath suruchipoorn hasy-vyngy ki rachanaen bhi prakashit karate the. in rachanaon ke madhyam se ve samaj men vyapt kuritiyon, roodhiyon tatha vibhishikaon par karari chot karate the. 'aryamitr' ke sampadan ke dinon men sarvashri banarasidas chaturvedi, dan.satyendr tatha ramachandr shrivastav jaise suyogy vyaktiyon ka sahayong unhen prapt hua tha. 'aryamitr' ka sampadan pndit ji se poorv pndit roodradatt sharma sampadakachary tatha lakshmidhar vajapeyi 'sarvanand' ke nam se kar chuke the.

mahapurushon ke kathan

  • 'aryamitr' ko hindi ke uchch koti ke any saptahik patron ki pnkti men khada karana harishnkar sharma jaise suyogy sampadak ka hi kam tha. is sambandh men mahapndit rahul sankrityayan ne apane vichar vyakt karate hue likha tha ki- "pndit harishnkar sharma ke hath men jab 'aryamitr' aya, to usake lekhon men vichitr sphoorti dikhalaee padati thi. sampadak sabhi lekhon ko nahin likhata, par unake chayan karane aur snvarane men bhi badi pratibha ki avashyakata hoti hai. main samajhata hoon, 'aryamitr' utana janapriy kabhi nahin hua, jitana ki pndit harishnkar sharma ke sampadakatv men hua."
  • rashtrakavi maithilisharan gupt ne apane vichar prakat karate hue likha tha- "harishnkar sharma ke saman sadhumana aur snt sahityakar kam honge. unaki rachanaen dekhakar unaki saumy moorti sammukh pata hoon."
  • prasiddh neta aur pratrakar pndit krishnadatt palival nen harishnkar sharma ke vishay men apane vichar vyakt karate hue likha tha- "prakadn pndit, sahaj sahridayata aur sajjanata, vicharon ki udarata aur svatntrata ke sath-sath pndit ji ki nishkam deshabhakti bhi sarvatha sarahaniy hain. ve kabhi kisi kangres kameti ke padadhikari nahin banen. lekin sabhi svadhinata sngramon men unhonne sakriy sahayata ki. yahan tak ki 1942 ki janakranti ke samay ve jel jane se bhi nahin chuke. unaka ghar sadaiv balidani svadhinata sngram ke sainikon ka adda aur ashray-sthal raha. sachche aur supatr svadhinata sngram ke sainik hote hue bhi unhonne n kabhi koee pad chaha, n hi yash chaha aur n sahayy ya rajyashray chaha."

rachanaen

harishnkar sharma ne ek yashasvi patrakar ke roop men to khyati evn pratishtha prapt ki hi thi, utkrisht sahity evn kavy-drishta ke roop men jo sthan banaya, vah anukaraniy hai. apane vividhatapoorn sahity ki rachana kar apani ek alag hi chhavi prastut ki. unhonne vibhinn pustakon ki rachana ki thi, unamen se kuchh nimnalikhit hain-

harishnkar sharma ki pramukh rachanaen
kr. sn. rachana kr. sn. rachana
1. ratnakar 2. abhinav hindi kosh
3. hindustani kosh 4. ghas-pat
5. pinjara pol 6. chidiyaghar
7. ramarajy 8. krishn sndesh
9. maharshi mahima 10. virangana vaibhav
11. matakaram mishr 12. pakhnd
13. pradarshani 14. gadabad
15. goshthi 16. hindi sahity parichay
17. angrezi sahity parichay

puraskar v samman

harishnkar sharma ko unake rachana kary par jahan 'dev puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya tha, vahin apaki sahity sevaon ke prati samman pradarshit karane hetu 'agara vishvavidhalay' ne apako 'di.lit.' ki manad upadhi se vibhooshit kiya. bharat ke tatkalin rashtrapati daau. sarvapalli radhakrishn ne bhi apako 'padmashri' se alnkrit kar apane ko dhany samajha. pndit ji ke prashnsak evn mitron ki snkhya saikadon men thi, parantu purushottam das tandan, rahul sankritayayan, banarasidas chaturvedi, hazari prasad dvivedi, kishori das vajapeyi, kedaranath bhatt, satyendr, kshemachandr, suman, nagendr, gopal prasad vyas, krishnadatt palival adi ke nam pramukh roop se lie jate hain.

bhasha-shaili

pndit harishnkar sharma jahan gnbhir rachanaen likhane ke lie prasiddh the, vahin unaki hasy-vyngy poorn rachanaen bhi soddeshy hoti thin. ve vishisht bhasha-shaili tatha bhav-bhngima lie hoti thin. jahan adhikatar hasy-vyngy ki rachanaen keval mnnornjan ke uddeshy se phoohadapan, ashlilata tatha nimn koti ki hoti thin, vahin pndit ji ki rachanaon men svasth manornjan to hota hi tha, unamen samaj ki kuritiyon par bhi karari chot hoti thi. unamen bhasha tatha vicharon ka phoohadapan nahin hota tha.

nidhan

san 1968 men pndit harishnkar sharma asvasth ho ge. 9 march, 1968 ko unaka svargavas ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. uttar pradesh ke krantikari (hindi) kranti1857. abhigaman tithi: 14 pharavari, 2017.

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