विष्णु प्रभाकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vishnu prabhakar
vishnu prabhakar
poora nam vishnu prabhakar
any nam vishnu dayal
janm 21 joon, 1912
janm bhoomi mirapur, zila muzaffaranagar, uttar pradesh
mrityu 11 aprail, 2009
mrityu sthan nee dilli
abhibhavak durga prasad (pita), mahadevi (mata)
pati/patni sushila
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr upanyasakar aur lekhak
mukhy rachanaen 'arddhanarishvar', 'avara masiha', 'kshamadan' tatha 'pnkhahin' (atmakatha) adi.
bhasha hindi, angrezi
vidyalay chndoolal englo-vaidik haee skool, hisar; pnjab vishvavidyalay.
shiksha 'prabhakar' aur 'bhooshan' adi upadhiyan tatha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi 'padm bhooshan', sahity akadami puraskar, 'pablo nerooda samman', 'soviyat laind neharoo puraskar', 'moortidevi puraskar' aur 'shalaka samman'.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari kahani, upanyas, natak, ekanki, snsmaran, bal sahity sabhi vidhaon men prachur sahity likhane ke bavajood sharatachandr ki jivani 'avara masiha' unaki pahachan ka paryay ban gayi.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

vishnu prabhakar (angrezi: Vishnu Prabhakar, janm: 21 joon, 1912 - mrityu: 11 aprail, 2009) apane sahity men bharatiy vagmita aur asmita ko vynjit karane ke liye prasiddh rahe hain. vishnu prabhakar ji ne kahani, upanyas, natak, jivani, nibndh, ekanki, yatra-vrittant aur kavita adi pramukh vidhaon men apani bahumooly rachanaen ki hain. prabhakar ji ne akashavani, dooradarshan, patr-patrikaon tatha prakashan snbndhi midiya ke pratyek kshetr men khyati prapt ki thi. desh-videsh ki anek yatraen karane vale vishnuji jivan-paryant poornakalik masijivi rachanakar ke roop men sahity sadhana men lin rahe the.

jivan parichay

vishnu prabhakar ka janm 21 joon, sanh 1912 ko mirapur, zila muzaffaranagar (uttar pradesh) men hua tha. inhen inake ek any nam 'vishnu dayal' se bhi jana jata hai. inake pita ka nam durga prasad tha, jo dharmik vicharadhara vale vyaktitv ke dhani the. prabhakar ji ki mata mahadevi padhi-likhi mahila thin, jinhonne apane samay men parda pratha ka ghor virodh kiya tha. prabhakar ji ki patni ka nam sushila tha.

shiksha

vishnu prabhakar ki arnbhik shiksha mirapur men huee thi. unhonne sanh 1929 men chndoolal englo-vaidik haee skool, hisar se maitrik ki pariksha pas ki. isake uparant naukari karate hue pnjab vishvavidyalay se 'bhooshan', 'pragy', 'visharad' aur 'prabhakar' adi ki hindi-snskrit parikshaen bhi uttirn kin. unhonne pnjab vishvavidyalay se hi bi.e. ki digri bhi prapt ki thi.

vyavasay

prabhakar ji ke ghar ki arthik sthiti achchhi nahin thi. yahi karan tha ki unhen kafi kathinaiyon aur samasyaon ka samana karana pada tha. ve apani shiksha bhali prakar se prapt nahin kar paye the. apani ghar ki pareshaniyon aur zimmedariyon ke bojh se unhonne svayn ko mazaboot bana liya. unhonne chaturth shreni ki ek sarakari naukari prapt ki. is naukari ke jarie parishramik roop men unhen matr 18 rupaye pratimah ka vetan prapt hota tha. vishnu prabhakar ji ne jo digriyan aur uchch shiksha prapt ki, tatha apane ghar-parivar ki zimmedariyon ko poori tarah nibhaya, vah unake athak prayason ka hi parinam tha.

lekhan kary

prasiddh svatntrata senani mahatma gandhi ji ke jivan adarshon se prem ke karan prabhakar ji ka rujhan kangres ki taraf ho gaya. ve azadi ke daur men bajate rajanitik bigul men unaki lekhani ka bhi ek uddeshy ban gaya tha, jo azadi ke lie sngharsharat thi. apane lekhan ke daur men ve premachnd, yashapal aur agyey jaise maharathiyon ke sahayatri bhi rahe, kintu rachana ke kshetr men unaki apani ek alag pahachan ban chuki thi. 1931 men 'hindi milap' men pahali kahani divali ke din chhapane ke sath hi unake lekhan ka jo silasila shuroo hua, vah jivanaparynt nirntar chalata raha. nathooram sharma prem ke kahane se ve sharatachandr ki jivani 'avara masiha' likhane ke lie prerit hue, jisake lie ve sharatachandr ko janane ke liye lagabhag sabhi sroton aur jagahon tak ge. unhonne bangla bhasha bhi sikhi aur jab yah jivani chhapi, to sahity men vishnu ji ki dhoom mach gayi. kahani, upanyas, natak, ekanki, snsmaran, bal sahity sabhi vidhaon men prachur sahity likhane ke bavajood 'avara masiha' unaki pahachan ka paryay ban gayi. isake bad men 'arddhanarishvar' par unhen beshak sahity akadami puraskar hindi prapt hua, lekin 'avara masiha' ne sahity men unaki ek alag hi pahachan pukhta kar di.

pratham natak rachana

vishnu prabhakar ji ne apana pahala natak 'hatya ke bad' likha aur hisar men ek natak mndali ke sath bhi karyarat ho gaye. isake pashchath prabhakar ji ne lekhan ko hi apani jivika bana liya. azadi ke bad ve nee dilli a gaye aur sitambar 1955 men akashavani men natyanirdeshak niyukt ho gaye, jahan unhonne 1957 tak apani sevaen pradan ki thin. isake bad ve tab surkhiyon men ae, jab rashtrapati bhavan men durvyavahar ke virodhasvaroop unhonne 'padmabhooshan' ki upadhi vapas karane ghoshana kar di. vishnu prabhakar ji akashavani, dooradarshan, patr-patrikaon tatha prakashan snbndhi midiya ke vividh kshetron men paryapt lokapriy rahe. desh-videsh ki anek yatraen karane vale vishnuji jivanaparynt poornakalik masijivi rachanakar ke roop men sahity ki sadhana men lipt rahe the.

kritiyan

vishnu prabhakar ji ki pramukh kritiyan nimnalikhit hain[1]-

  1. kahani sngrah - 'sngharsh ke bad', 'dharati ab bhi dhoom rahi hai', 'mera vatan', 'khilaune', 'adi aur ant', 'ek asaman ke niche', 'adhoori kahani', 'kaun jita kaun hara', 'tapovan ki kahaniyan', 'pap ka ghada', 'moti kisake'.
  2. bal katha sngrah - 'kshamadan', 'gajanandan lal ke karaname', 'ghamnd ka phal', 'do mitr', 'suno kahani', 'hire ki pahachan'.
  3. upanyas - 'dhalati rat', 'svapnamayi', 'arddhanarishvar', 'dharati ab bhi ghoom rahi hai', 'pap ka ghada', 'hori', 'koee to', 'nishikant', 'tat ke bndhan', 'svarajy ki kahani'.
  4. atmakatha - 'kshamadan' aur 'pnkhahin' nam se unaki atmakatha 3 bhagon men rajakamal prakashan se prakashit ho chuki hai. 'aur pnchhi ud gaya', 'mukt gagan men'.
  5. natak - 'satta ke ar-par', 'hatya ke bad', 'navaprabhat', 'daauktar', 'prakash aur parachhaiyan', 'barah ekanki', ab aur nahi, tootte parivesh, gandhar ki bhikshuni aur 'ashok'
  6. jivani - 'avara masiha', 'amar shahid bhagat sinh'.
  7. yatra vrittant - 'jyotipunj himalay', 'jamuna gnga ke naihar men', 'hnsate nirjhar dahakati bhatthi'.
  8. snsmaran - 'hamasaphar milate rahe'.
  9. kavita sngrah - ‘chalata chala jaoonga’ (ekamatr kavita sngrah).

puraskar v samman

vishnu prabhakar ji ki pramukh rachana 'avara masiha' sarvadhik charchit jivani hai. is jivani rachana ke lie inhen 'pablo nerooda samman', 'soviyat laind neharoo puraskar' jaise kee videshi puraskar prapt hue hain. inaka likha prasiddh natak 'satta ke ar-par' par unhen bharatiy gyanapith dvara 'moorti devi puraskar' pradan kiya gaya hindi akadami, dilli dvara prabhakar ji ko 'shalaka samman' bhi mil chuka hai. 'padm bhooshan' puraskar bhi mila, kintu rashtrapati bhavan men durvyavahar ke virodhasvaroop unhonne 'padm bhooshan' ki upadhi vapas karane ghoshana kar di.

nidhan

bharat ke prasiddh hindi sahityakaron men se ek vishnu prabhakar ji ka nidhan 96 varsh ki umr men 11 aprail, 2009 ko nee dilli men ho gaya.[2] hindi sahity ke is amooly moti ke chale jane se sahity ke ek adbhut sooraj ka ant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishnu prabhakar ki pustaken (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2012.
  2. gandhivadi sahityakar vishnu prabhakar nahin rahe (hindi) jagaran. abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2012.

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