शिवानी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shivani
shivani
poora nam gaura pnt ‘shivani’
janm 17 aktoobar, 1923
janm bhoomi rajakot, gujarat
mrityu 21 march, 2003
mrityu sthan dilli
abhibhavak ashvinikumar pande
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr upanyasakar
bhasha hindi, gujarati
vidyalay shantiniketan
shiksha bi.e.
puraskar-upadhi padmashri
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari shivani ki man gujarat ki vidushi, pita angrezi ke lekhak the.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

gaura pnt ‘shivani’ (janm- 17 aktoobar, 1923 ; mrityu- 21 march, 2003) hindi ki suprasiddh upanyasakar thin. hindi sahity jagat men shivani ek aisi shakhsiyat rahin, jinaki hindi, snskrit, gujarati, bngali, urdoo tatha angrezi par achchhi pakad thi aur jo apani kritiyon men uttar bharat ke kumayoon kshetr ke asapas ki lok snskriti ki jhalak dikhalane aur kiradaron ke bemisal charitr chitran karane ke lie jani gee. mahaj 12 varsh ki umr men pahali kahani prakashit hone se lekar unake nidhan tak unaka lekhan nirntar jari raha. unaki adhikatar kahaniyan aur upanyas nari pradhan rahe. isamen unhonne nayika ke saundary aur usake charitr ka varnan bade dilachasp andaj men kiya.

jivan parichay

shivani adhunik agragami vicharon ki samarthak thin. shivani ka janm 17 aktoobar, 1923 ko vijayadashami ke din gujarat ke pas rajakot shahar men hua tha. shivani ke pita shri ashvinikumar pande rajakot men sthit rajakumar kaaulej ke prinsipal the, jo kalantar men manabadar aur ramapur ki riyasaton men divan bhi rahe. shivani ke mata aur pita donon hi vidvan sngit premi aur kee bhashaon ke gyata the. shivani ne pashchim bngal ke shanti niketan se bi.e. kiya. sahity aur sngit ke prati ek gahara rujhan ‘shivani’ ko apane mata aur pita se hi mila. shivani ke pitamah snskrit ke prakand vidvan pndit hariram pande, jo banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay men dharmopadeshak the, vah paramparanishth aur kattar sanatani the. mahamana madanamohan malaviy se unaki gahari mitrata thi. ve prayah almoda tatha banaras men rahate the, atah shivani ka bachapan apani badi bahan tatha bhaee ke sath dadaji ki chhatrachhaya men ukt sthanon par bita. shivani ki kishoravastha shantiniketan men aur yuvavastha apane shikshavid pati ke sath uttar pradesh ke vibhinn bhagon men biti. shivani ke pati ke asamayik nidhan ke bad ve lambe samay tak lakhanoo men rahin aur antim samay men dilli men apani betiyon tatha amerika men base putr ke parivar ke sath rahin[1]

karyakshetr

shivani ka karyakshetr moolaroop se kumaoon kshetr ki nivasi ke roop men bita. shivani ki shiksha shanti niketan men aur jivan ka adhikansh samay shivani ne lakhanoo men bitaya. shivani ki man gujarat ki vidushi, pita angrezi ke lekhak the. pahadi prishthabhoomi aur gurudev ki sharan men shiksha ne shivani ki bhasha aur lekhan ko bahuyami banaya. bangla sahity aur snskriti ka shivani par gahara prabhav pada.[2]

lekhan ki shuruat

shivani ke lekhan tatha vyaktitv men udaravadita aur paramparanishthata ka jo adbhut mel hai, usaki jaden, isi vividhatapoorn jivan men thin. shivani ki pahali rachana almoda se nikalane vali ‘natakhat’ namak ek bal patrika men chhapi thi. tab ve matr barah varsh ki thin. isake bad ve malaviy ji ki salah par padhane ke lie apani badi bahan jaynti tatha bhaee tribhuvan ke sath shantiniketan bheji geen, jahan skool tatha kaaulej ki patrikaon men bangla men unaki rachanaen niyamit roop se chhapati rahin. gurudev ravindranath taigor shivani ko ‘gora’ pukarate the. ravindranath taigor ki salah ko ki har lekhak ko matribhasha men hi lekhan karana chahie, shirodhary kar shivani ne hindi men likhana prarambh kiya. ‘shivani’ ki ek laghu rachana ‘main murga hoon’ 1951 men ‘dharmayug’ men chhapi thi. isake bad aee unaki kahani ‘lal haveli’ aur tab se jo lekhan-kram shuroo hua, unake jivan ke antim dinon tak chalata raha. unaki antim do rachanaen ‘sunahun tat yah akath kahani’ tatha ‘sone de’ unake vilakshan jivan par adharit atmavrittatmak akhyan hain.[1]

pramukh rachanaen

upanyas, kahani, vyaktichitr, bal upanyas aur snsmaranon ke atirikt, lakhanoo se nikalane vale patr ‘svatantr bharat’ ke lie ‘shivani’ ne varshon tak ek charchit stambh ‘vatayan’ bhi likha. unake lakhanoo sthit avas-66, gulistan kaloni ke dvar, lekhakon, kalakaron, sahity-premiyon ke sath samaj ke har varg jude unake pathakon ke lie sadaiv khule rahe. shivani ki 'amader shanti niketan' aur 'smriti kalash' is prishthabhoomi par likhi gee shreshth pustaken hain. 'krishnakali' unaka sabase prasiddh upanyas hai. isake das se bhi adhik snskaran prakashit ho chuke hain.[2] upanyas, kahani, vyaktichitr, bal upanyas aur snsmaranon ke atirikt, lakhanoo se nikalane vale patr ‘svatantr bharat’ ke lie ‘shivani’ ne varshon tak ek charchit stambh ‘vatayan’ bhi likha.[3]

shivani ki rachanaen[2]
upanyas
  • krishnakali
  • kalindi
  • atithi
  • pooton vali
  • chal khusaron ghar apane
  • shmashan chnpa
  • mayapuri
  • kainja
  • genda
  • bhairavi
  • svaynsiddha
  • vishakanya
  • rati vilap
  • akash
yatra vivaran
  • charaivaiti
  • yatrik
kahani sngrah
  • shivani ki shreshth kahaniyan
  • shivani ki mashahoor kahaniyan
  • jharokha, mrinmala ki hnsi
snsmaran
  • amader shanti niketan
  • samriti kalash
  • vatayan
  • jalak
dharavahik
  • 'surngama'
  • 'rativilap',
  • 'mera beta'
  • 'tisara beta'
atmakathy
  • sunahun tat yah amar kahani

samakalin sahityakaron ki ray

varishth rachanakar mamata kaliya ke anusar hindi sahity ki mukhyadhara men unaka yogadan kitana raha, yah kahana mushkil hai par yah zaroor hai ki kahani ke kshetr men pathakon aur lekhakon ki ruchi nirmit karane tatha kahani ko kendriy vidha ke roop men vikasit karane ka shrey shivani ko jata hai. unhonne kaha ki vah kuchh is tarah likhati thin ki logon ki use padhane ko lekar jigyasa paida hoti thi. unaki bhasha shaili kuchh-kuchh mahadevi varma jaisi rahi par unake lekhan men ek lokapriy kism ka masavida tha. unaki kritiyon se yah jhalakata hai ki unhonne apane samay ke yatharth ko badalane ki koshish nahin ki. mamata kaliya kahati hain, shivani ki kritiyon men charitr chitran men ek tarah ka aveg dikhaee deta hai. vah charitr ko shabdon men kuchh is tarah pirokar pesh karati thin jaise pathakon ki ankhon ke samane raja ravi varma ka koee khoobasoorat chitr tair jae. unhonne snskrit nishth hindi ka istemal kiya par kahani ki vidha men hi rahane ke chalate vah hindi ke vichar jagat men ek naya path pradarshan nahin kar paee. shivani ki qaribi rahin varishth sahityakar padma sachadev ke anusar jab shivani ka upanyas 'krishnakali' dharmayug men prakashit ho raha tha to har jagah isaki charcha hoti thi. mainne unake jaisi bhasha shaili aur kisi ki lekhani men nahin dekhi. unake upanyas aise hain jinhen padhakar yah ehasas hota tha ki ve khatm hi n hon. upanyas ka koee bhi ansh usaki kahani men poori tarah dubo deta tha. unhonne kaha, shivani bharatavarsh ke hindi sahity ke itihas ka bahut pyara panna thin. apane samakalin sahityakaron ki tulana men vah kafi sahaj aur sadagi se bhari thin. unaka sahity ke kshetr men yogadan bada hai par phir bhi hindi jagat ne unhen poora samman nahin diya jisaki vah hakadar rahin. shivani ke akhiri dinon men bhi unake snpark men rahin padma sachadev ne kaha ki unhen gayan ka kafi shauq tha. unhen akhir tak kumaoon se behad pyar raha. unhen vahin ke nazare yad ate the.[4]

puraskar

1982 men shivani ji ko bharat sarakar dvara padmashri se alnkrit kiya gaya.

mrityu

shivani ka 21 march, 2003 ko dilli men 79 varsh ki ayu men nidhan hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 kastoori mrig (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 4 aprail, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 shivani (hindi) (ech ti em) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 4 aprail, 2011.
  3. suyal, sunil. shraddhanjali shivani "gaura pnt- hindi sahity ka ek chamakata sitara (hindi) (ech ti em) puny bhoomi-bharat. abhigaman tithi: 4 aprail, 2011.
  4. shivani / parichay (hindi) gadyakosh. abhigaman tithi: 20 march, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah