सर्वेश्वर दयाल सक्सेना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

sarveshvar dayal saksena
sarveshvar dayal saksena
poora nam sarveshvar dayal saksena
janm 15 sitambar, 1927
janm bhoomi zila basti, uttar pradesh
mrityu 23 sitambar, 1983
mrityu sthan nee dilli
abhibhavak vishveshvar dayal
pati/patni vimala devi
karm bhoomi ilahabad, varanasi, dilli
karm-kshetr kavi, lekhak, patrakar, natakakar
mukhy rachanaen 'khoontiyon par tnge log' (kavy sngrah), 'pagal kutton ka masiha' (laghu upanyas), 'bakari' (natak), 'batoota ka joota' (bal sahity) adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay kvins kaaulej, varanasi
shiksha em.e.
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar (1983)
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ‘kuchh rng kuchh gndh’ shirshak se inaka ek yatra-vrittant bhi prakashit hua. isake sath-sath inhonne ‘shamasher’ aur ‘nepali kavitaen’ namak kritiyon ka snpadan bhi kiya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

sarveshvar dayal saksena (angrezi: Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, janm: 15 sitambar, 1927; mrityu: 23 sitambar, 1983) prasiddh kavi evn sahityakar the. sarveshvar dayal saksena 'tisare saptak' ke mahatvapoorn kaviyon men se ek the. kavita ke atirikt unhonne kahani, natak aur bal sahity bhi racha. unaki rachanaon ka anek bhashaon men anuvad bhi hua. akashavani men sahayak nirmata; dinaman ke upasnpadak tatha parag ke snpadak rahe. yadyapi sarveshvar dayal saksena ka sahityik jivan kavy se prarnbh hua tathapi ‘charache aur charakhe’ stambh men dinaman men chhape apake lekh vishesh lokapriy rahe. san 1983 men kavita sngrah ‘khoontiyon par tnge log’ ke lie sarveshvar dayal saksena ko sahity akadami puraskar se navaja gaya.[1]

jivan parichay

sarveshvar dayal saksena ka janm 15 sitnbar, 1927 ko vishveshvar dayal ke ghar hua. phalatah sarveshvar ji ki arnbhik shiksha-diksha bhi zila basti, uttar pradesh men hi huee. bachapan se hi ve vidrohi prakriti ke the. unaki rachana tatha patrakarita men unaka lekhan isaki banagi pesh karata hai. isi karan jab ve basti ke rajakiy haeeskool men navin kaksha men padh rahe the, rajanitik chuhalabaji ke karan unhen kaaulej se nikal diya gaya. phir sarveshvar ko englo snskrit haeeskool, basti ke pradhanachary shri chakravarchi ne sharan di. isi vidyalay se sarveshvar ji ne 1941 men haeeskool ki pariksha uttirn ki. is sabake bich basti ka gramy parivesh, anchalikata, shahar ke kinare bahane vali kuano nadi, bhujainiya ka pokhara adi pratik sarveshvar ke bhole man ko prabhavit karate rahe. mati ki yah mahak tatha jivan ke sntrason ko ve tazindagi nahin bhoole.

shiksha ke sath naukari

sarveshvar ji ke pita vishveshvar dayal ji ne badi mehanat se malaviy rod sthit anathalay ke pas ek chhota sa ghar banava liya. isi ne ghar men sarveshvar ke chhote bhaee evn chhoti bahan ka janm hua. is dauran sarveshvar ji ki man ka tabadala basti se bansaganv, gorakhapur aur phir varanasi ho gaya. sarveshvar bhi adhyayan ke lie apani man ke sath varanasi chale ge. 1943 men unhonne varanasi ke kvins kaaulej se intaramidiyat ki pariksha uttirn ki. san 1944-45 men arthik vipannata aur bahan ki shadi hetu paisa ekatr karane hetu sarveshvar ne padhaee chhod di. vastav men sarveshvar ji ke parivar ki arthik dasha kabhi achchhi n rahi.

sarveshvar ne basti ke khair indastriyal intar kaaulej men naukari bhi ki. yahan unhen 60 rupe pratimah vetan prapt ho raha tha. ve isake bad jyada dinon tak basti n rah pae. unaki dili tamanna kuchh kar dikhane ki thi. isi abhilasha ko hriday men snjoe ve basti se prayag (ilahabad) pahunch ge. ilahabad se unhonne bi.e. aur sanh 1949 men em.e. ki pariksha uttirn ki. 1949 ka yah sal patrakar sarveshvar ke marmantak pida dene vala sabit hua aur unaki pyari man apane svasthy evn arthik vipannata ko jhelate hue unase hamesha ke lie bichhud gee. us varsh ghor duahkh evn vipannata ko sahate hue sarveshvar kisi prakar lagabhag char mah apane pita ke sath basti rahe. yahin unhonne prakhyat urdoo shayar tarashnkar ‘nashad’ ke sath ‘parimal’ (sahityik snstha) ki sthapana ki.[2]

patrakarita

sarveshvar ji ko e.ji. aauphis, ilahabad ke sekretari, jo svayn sahityik ruchi ke the, tar dekar prayag bulaya. sarveshvar ji prayag pahunche aur unhen e.ji. aauphis men pramukh dispaichar ke pad par kary mil gaya. aauphis ke pramukh adhikari sarveshvar ji ki sahityik ruchiyon se khase prabhavit the, isake chalate unhen vahan kam men bahut svatntrata mili. is prakar sarveshvar ke lie yah naukari varadan sabit huee tatha prayag ke sahityik-sanskritik vatavaran men unhen ramane evn behatar rachane ka mauka mila. ve e.ji. aauphis men 1955 tak rahe. tatpashchat aaul indiya rediyo ke sahayak snpadak (hindi samachar vibhag) pad par apaki niyukti ho gee. is pad par dilli men ve 1960 tak rahe. san 1960 ke bad ve dilli se lakhanoo rediyo steshan a ge. 1964 men lakhanoo rediyo ki naukari ke bad ve kuchh samay bhopal evn indaur rediyo men bhi karyarat rahe.

'dinaman' evn 'parag' ka sampadan

san 1964 men jab dinaman patrika ka prakashan arnbh hua to varishth patrakar evn sahityakar sachchidannd hirannd vatsyayan ‘agyey’ ke agrah par ve pad se tyagapatr dekar dilli a ge aur dinaman se jud ge. ‘agyey’ ji ke sath patrakarita ke kshetr men unhonne kafi kuchh sikha. 1982 men pramukh bal patrika parag ke sampadak bane. is bich unaki patni vimala devi ka nidhan ho gaya. tatpashchath sarveshvar ki bahan yashoda devi ne akar unaki donon bachchiyon ko matritv bhav se lalan-pan kiya. parag ke snpadak ke roop men apane hindi bal patrakarita ko ek naya shilp evn ayam diya. navnbar 1982 men parag ka snpadan snbhalane ke bad ve mrityuparyant usase jude rahe.[2]

sahityik parichay

samakalin hindi sahity evn patrakarita men jahan tak janata se jude qalamakaron ka saval hai, sarveshvar dayal saksena apani bahumukhi rachanatmak pratibha ke sath ek javab ki tarah samane ate hain. kavita ho ya kahani, natak ho ya patrakarita, unaki janapratibaddhata har morche par kamayab hai.

katha sahity

sarveshvar dayal saksena ek kathakar evn upanyasakar ke roop men bhi hindi sahity snsar men samadrit hue. vishvavidyaliy jivan men hi unhen unaki kahaniyon ke lie puraskar mile. apana lekhak jivan unhonne vastutah ek kathakar ke roop men arnbh kiya. san 1950 tak ve kahaniyan likhate rahe. tin-char salon bad unhonne phir kahaniyan likhin. isi samay unaka laghu upanyas ‘soya hua jal’ chhapakar aya, phir unaka upanyas ‘ude hue rng’ chhapa. ek any katha sngrah ‘andhere par andhera’ ki khasi charcha huee.

kavy sahity

sarveshvar dayal saksena ek behad snvedanashil kavi sabit hue. kahani ke bad ve kavita lekhan ke kshetr men 1950 men ae. kam samay men unhonne apane samay ke logon men jo khas jagah darj karaee, usase ve hindi kavita ke pramukh hastakshar ban ge. 1959 men agyey ke snpadan men prakashit ‘tisara saptak’ ke kavi ke roop men pahachane ge. unake kavita sngrah ‘khoontiyon par tnge log’ par unhen sahity akadami puraskar bhi mila. sahi arthon men sarveshvar nee kavita ke adhishthata kaviyon men ek the. sarveshvar ke kavy ne nee kavita ki shakti aur samarthy ko ek nee arthavatta pradan ki, bhavanatmak bhavon se hatakar vicharon ki thos bhoomi par apani pramanikata siddh ki hai. apani janaparak manasikata, samajik satyon ko ujagar karane ke anavarat prayas, sntulit snvedana aur apani belag kintu bharatiy lok parnpara evn snskriti se sidhe-sidhe judi huee kavyabhasha ki vishishtata ke karan sarveshvar nee kavita ke pratinidhi kavi mane ge. sarveshvar ne natak, upanyas, kahani ke saman patrakarita ke kshetr men bhi anek oonchaiyan prapt ki lekin unaka kavi vyaktitv hi sarvadhik prakhar hai. prakhyat alochak daau. krishnadatt palival manate hain ki “samasamayik jivan-sndarbhon, samasyaon se sidhe judane ke karan unaki taji snvedanatmak kshamata ek kshamata snpann kavi ke kavy ko navin vicharon-drishtiyon se bhara-poora bana rahi hai .” palival manate hain ki sarveshvar ke kavi ne lagata apane ko vikasit, parishkrit karate hue dharadar banaya hai.

sarveshvar ki kavita men bhasha ki kamadhenu ka doodh itana taja evn jivanaprad hai ki nee kavita ka snsar usase pusht hi hua hai. samajik parivartan ko lagatar najarul islam ki tarah arajakatavadi svar ki tarah pahachanate hain. samajik vyavastha ke vidrohapoorn kshan men ve apane se bhi vidror karate hain–

“main jahan hota hoon
vahan se chal padata hoon
aksar ek vyatha
ek yatra ban jati hai.”[3]

apani kavita aur apane uddeshy ko ve poore khulepan se svikarate hain aur kahate hain–

“ab main kavi nahin rah
ek kala jhnda hoon .
tirapan karod bhaunhon ke bich matam men
khadi hai meri kavita.”

prakhyat kavi kunvar narayan manate hain ki, “sarveshvar moolatah apane tivr avegon aur uttejanaon vale vyakti the, jinaka poora asar unake lekhan aur unake apasi snbndhon donon par padata tha. bauddhikata ki barikiyon aur kat-chhant men ve jyada nahin padate the. jise tivrata se mahasoos karate the, us par vishvas karate aur use utani hi tivrata se shabd dete. yah unake lekhan ki takat thi.” kavi raghuvir sahay ka kahana tha ki “sarveshvar ne kavita ko ek naya roop diya aur ek nee bhasha ki khoj ki.”

naty sahity

sarveshvar dayal saksena ne ek natakakar ke roop men apani alag pahachan darj karaee. unake natakon men ‘bakari’ sarvadhik charchit hua, jisake dheron mnchan hue. unake natakon men rajanitik vidroopataon evn yathasthitivad ke khilaf tikha vyngy milata hai. ve apane patron ke madhyam se desh ki sadandh marati rajanitik vyavastha par sidhi chot karate najar ate hain. isake alava unhonne ladaee, ab garibi hatao, kal bhat aega, havalat, roopamati bajabahadur, hori ghoom machori namak natak evn ekanki likhe. bachchon ke lie unhonne bhon-bhon-khon-khon tatha lakh ki nak namak natak likhe.

any

isake alava sarveshvar ne prakhyat kavi shamasher bahadur sinh par kendrit shamasher ka snpadan bhi kiya. unhonne nepali kavitaen shirshak se ek kavy sngrah ka bhi snpadan kiya. unhonne yatra snsmaran bhi likhe, jo kuchh rng-kuchh gndh nam se chhapakar aya hai. bachchon ke lie unhonne kafi sahity likha. unake do bal kavita sngrah 'batoota ka joota' evn 'mahngoo ki taee' nam se chhap chuke hain.[2]

rachanaen

sarveshvar dayal saksena ki rachanaen[2]
kavy rachanaen
  • tisara saptak – sn. agyey, 1959
  • kath ki ghntiyan – 1959
  • ban ka phool – 1963
  • ekasooni nan – 1966
  • garm havaen – 1966
  • kaano nadi – 1973
  • jngal ka dard – 1976
  • khoontiyon par tnge log – 1982
  • kya kah kar pukaroon – prem kavitaen
  • kavitaen (1)
  • kavitaen (2)
  • koee mere sath chale
katha-sahity
  • pagal kutton ka masiha (laghu upanyas) – 1977
  • soya hua jal (laghu upanyas) – 1977
  • ude hue rng – (upanyas) yah upanyas soone chaukhate nam se 1974 men prakashit hua tha.
  • kachchi sadak – 1978
  • andhere par andhera – 1980
  • anek kahaniyon ka bharatiy tatha yooropiy bhashaon men anuvad

soviyat katha sngrah 1978 men sat mahatvapoorn kahaniyon ka roosi anuvad.

natak
  • bakari – 1974 (isaka lagabhag sabhi bharatiy bhashaon men anuvad tatha mnchan)
  • ladaee – 1979
  • ab garibi hatao – 1981
  • kal bhat aega tatha havalat –

(ekanki natak em.ke. raina ke nirdeshan men prayog dvara 1979 men mnchit

  • roopamati baj bahadur tatha hori dhoom machori mnchan 1976
yatra snsmaran
  • kuchh rng kuchh gndh – 19791
bal kavita
  • batoota ka joota – 1971
  • mahngoo ki taee – 1974
bal natak
  • bhon-bhon khon-khon – 1975
  • lakh ki nak – 1979
snpadan
  • shamasher (malayaj ke sath – 1971)
  • roopanbara – (sn. agyey ji – 1980 men sahayak snpadak sarveshvar dayal saksena)
  • andheron ka hisab – 1981
  • nepali kavitaen – 1982
  • raktabij – 1977

nidhan

23 sitnbar, 1983 ko nee dilli men sarveshvar dayal saksena ka nidhan ho gaya.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sarveshvar dayal saksena (hindi) kavyanchal. abhigaman tithi: 4 sitambar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 dvivedi, snjay. sarveshvar – jivan parichay evn rachanatmak ayam (hindi) sarveshvaradayal saksena aur unaki patrakarita. abhigaman tithi: 4 sitambar, 2014.
  3. aksar ek vyatha

snbndhit lekh

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