बस्ती ज़िला  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

basti zila
Basti-Map.jpg
rajy uttar pradesh
mukhyalay basti
sthapana san 1865 ee.
janasnkhya 2068922 (2001)
kshetraphal 7309 varg kilomitar
bhaugolik nirdeshank 26° 23' aur 27° 30' uttar akshansh tatha 82° 17' aur 83° 20' poorvi deshantar
tahasil 03
mndal basti
khandon ki snkhya 13
kul gram 3354
mukhy aitihasik sthal chhavani bazar,
mukhy paryatan sthal snt ravidas van vihar, ganeshapur, makhauda, nagar, chndoo tal, barah, bhadreshh‍var nath, agauna
ling anupat 1000/916 (2001) ♂/♀
saksharata 54.28 %
· stri 39.00 %
· purush 68.16 %
tapaman 26°C (ausat)
· grishm 25°C se 44°C ke bich
· sharad 9°C se 23°C ke bich
varsha 1166mm mimi
doorabhash kod 05542
vahan pnji. U.P.- 51
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

yah bharat ke uttar pradesh prant ka ek shahar hai |

nam ki utpatti

prachin kal men basti moolatah vaishishthi ke roop men jana jata tha. vaishishthi nam maharshi vasishth ke nam se bana hain, jinaka rishi ashram yahan par tha. vartaman zila bahut pahale nirjan aur van se dhaka tha lekin dhire - dhire kshetr basane yogy ban gaya tha. vartaman nam basti raja kalhan dvara chayanit kiya gaya tha, yah ghatana jo shayad 16 vin sadi men huee thi. 1801 men basti tahasil mukhyalay ban gaya tha aur 1865 men yah nav sthapit zile ke mukhyalay ke roop men chuna gaya tha .

itihas

prachin kal

bahut prachin kal men basti ke asapas ka jagah kaushal desh ka hissa tha. shatapath brahman apane sootr men kaushal ka ullekh kiya hain, yah ek vaidik aryon aur vaiyakaran panini ka desh tha. ram chandr raja dasharath ke jyeshth putr the jinaki mahima kaushal desh men phaili huee thi, jinhe ek adarsh vaidh rajy, laukik ram rajy ki sthapana ka shrey jata hai. parnpara ke anusar, ram ke bade bete kush kaushal ke sinhasan par baithe, jabaki chhote bete lav ko rajy ke uttari bhag ka shasak banaya gaya rajadhani shravasti tha. ikshvaku se 93van pidhi aur ram se 30van pidhi brihadabala tha, yah ikshvaku shasan ka antim prasiddh raja tha, jo mahanh mahabharat yuddh men mara gaya tha. chhathi shatabdi ee. men gupt shasan ki giravat ke sath basti bhi dhire - dhire ujad ho gaya, is samay ek ne rajavnsh maukhari hua, jisaki rajadhani kannauj tha, jo uttari bharat ke rajanitik nakshe par ek mahattvapoorn sthan grahan kiya aur isi rajy men maujood zila basti bhi shamil tha .

9vin shatabdi ee. ki shuruat men, gurjar pratihar raja nagabhatt dvitiy ne ayodhya se kannauj shasan ko ukhad phenka aur yah shahar unake naye banate shasan ka rajadhani bana, jo raja mahira bhoj 1 (836 - 885 ee.) ke samay men bahut oochaee par tha. raja mahipal ke shasanakal ke dauran, kannauj ke satta men giravat shuroo ho gee thi aur avadh chhota chhote hisson men vibhajit ho gaya tha lekin un sabhi ko antatah naye ubharate shakti kannauj ke gadhaval raja jayachndr (1170-1194 ee.) mile. yah vnsh ke antim mahattvapoorn shasak the jo hamalavar sena muhammad gauri ke khilaf chnd॔var ki ladaee (itava ke pas) men mare gaye the unaki mrityu ke turnt bad kannauj turkon ke kabje men chala gaya. kinvadntiyon ke anusar, sadiyon se basti ek jngal tha aur avadh ki adhik se adhik bhag par bhar logo ka qabza tha. bhar ke mool aur itihas ke bare men koee nishchit praman shighr upalabdh nahin hai. zila men ek vyapak bhar rajy ke saboot ke roop men prachin eent imaraton ke khndahar lokapriy hai jo zile ke kee ganvon men bahutayat snkhya men phaile hai .

madhyayugin kal

13 vin sadi ki shuruat men, 1225 men iltutamish ka bada beta, nasir-ud-din mahamood, avadh ke gavarnar ban gaya aur isane bhar logo ke sabhi pratirodho ko poori tarah kuchal dala. 1323 men, gayasuddin tugalaq bngal jane ke lie beharaich aur gonda ke raste gaya shayad vah zila basti ke jngal ke khataron se bachana chahata tha aur vah age ayodhya se nadi ke raste gaya . 1479 men, basti aur asapas ke zile, jaunapur rajy ke shasak khvaja jahan ke uttaradhikariyo ke niyntran men tha. bahalol lodi apane bhatije kala pahad ko is kshetr ka shasan de diya tha jisaka mukhyalay beharaich ko banaya tha jisame basti sahit asapas ke kshetr bhi the. is samay ke asapas, mahatma kabir, prasiddh kavi aur darshanik is zile men magahar men rahate the.
yah kaha jata hai ki pramukh rajapoot kulon ke agaman se pahale, in zilon men sthaniy hindoo aur hindoo raja the aur kaha jata hai ki inhin shasako dvara bhar, tharoo, dome aur domekatar jaise adivasi janajatiyon aur unake samany paramparao ko khatm kar diya gaya, ye sab kam se kam prachin rajyon ke patan ke bad aur bauddh dharm ke ane ke bad hua. in hinduon men bhoomihar brahman, saravariya brahman aur visen shamil the. pashchim se rajapooton ke agaman se pahale is zile men hindoo samaj ka rajy tha. 13 vin sadi ke madhy men shrinetr pahala navagntuk tha jo is kshetr men a kar sthapit hua. jinaka pramukh chndrasen poorvi basti se domkatar ko nishkasit kiya tha. gonda prant ke kalhan rajapoot svayn paragana basti men sthapit hue the. kalhan prant ke dakshin men nagar prant men gautam raja sthapit the. mahuli men mahasuiya nam ka kabila tha jo mahaso ke rajapoot the. any vishesh ullekh rajapoot kabile men chauhan ka tha. yah kaha jata hai ki chittaun se tin pramukh mukund bhage the jinaka zila basti ki avibhajit hisse par (ab yah zila siddharth nagar men hai) shasan tha. 14 vin sadi ki antim timahi tak basti zile ka ek bhag amodha par kayasth vnsh ka shasan tha.

basti zile ka manachitr

akabar aur unake uttaradhikari ke shasanakal ke dauran zila basti, avadh sube ke gorakhapur sarakar ka ek hissa bana hua tha. jaunapur ke gavarnar ke shasanakal ke shuroo ke dinon men yah zila vidrohi afaganistan ke netaon jaise ali kuli khan, khan jaman ka sharanasthali tha . 1680 men mugal kal ke dauran aurngajeb ne ek doot (path ke dharak) qazikhalil-ur-rahaman ko gorakhapur bheja tha shayad sthaniy pramukhon se rajasv ka niyamit bhugatan prapt karane ke lie khalil-ur-rahaman ne hi gorakhapur se sate jilo ke saradaron ko majaboor kiya tha ki ve rajasv ka bhugatan kare. is qadam ka yah parinam hua ki amodha aur nagar ke raja, jo hal hi men satta hasil ki thi, rajasv ka bhugatan ko taiyar ho gaye aur takarav is tarah tal gaya. isake bad khalil-ur-rahaman ne magahar ke lie ravana hua jahan usane apani chauki banaya tatha rapti ke tat par bane bansi ke raja ke kile par kabza kar liya. nav nirmit zila snt kabir nagar zila ka mukhyalay khalilabad shahar ka nam khalil ur rahaman se pana jisaka qabr magahar men bana hai. usi samay ek pramukh sanak gorakhapur se ayodhya ka nirman hua tha 1690 faravari men, himmat khan (shahajahan khan bahadur japhar jng kokaltash ka putr, ilahabad ka soobedar) ko avadh ka soobedar aur gorakhapur faujadar banaya gaya, jisake adhikar men basti aur usake asapas ka kshetr bahut samay tak tha.

adhunik kal

ek mahanh aur dooragami parivartan tab aya jab 9 sitambar, 1772 men sadat khan ko avadh soobe ka rajyapal niyukt kiya gaya jisame gorakhapur ka faujadari bhi tha. usi samay bnsi aur rasoolapur par sarnet raja ka, binayakapur par butaval ke chauhan ka, basti par kalhan shasak ka, amodha par sooryavnsh ka, nagar par gautam ka, mahuli par sooryavnsh ka shasan tha. jabaki akela magahar par navab ka shasan tha, jo musalaman chauki se mazaboot banaya gaya tha.

bhoogol

sthiti aur sima

yah zila 26° 23' aur 27° 30' uttar akshansh tatha 82° 17' aur 83° 20' poorvi deshantar ke bich uttar bharat men sthit hai. isaka uttar se dakshin ki adhikatam lnbaee 75 kimi hai aur poorv se pashchim men lagabhag 70 kimi ki chaudaee hai. basti zila poorvi men nav nirmit zila snt kabir nagar aur pashchim men gonda ke bich sthit hai, dakshin men ghaghara nadi is zile ko phaijabad zila aur nav nirmit anbedakar nagar zila se alag karati hai, jabaki uttar men siddharthanagar zila se ghira hai. zila talahati - snbndhi maidan men poori tarah se phaila hai tatha koee prakritik unnayan nahin hai jo is par asar dale.

janasankhyiki

2001 ki janaganana ke roop men basti ki abadi 2068922 (1991 men 2750764) thi. jinamen se 1079971 purush (1991 men 1437727) aur 988951 mahila (1991 men 1313037) (916 ling anupat) thi. purushon aur mahilaon ki janasnkhya 48% se 52% thi. basti 69 % ki ek ausat saksharata dar 59.5% ke rashtriy ausat se adhik thi. purush saksharata 74% aur mahila saksharata 62% thi. basti men, janasnkhya ka 13% umr ke 6 sal ke antargat thi.

yatayat

basti achchhi tarah se rel aur sadak marg se juda hua hai.

rel dvara

mukhy rel lain lakhanoo aur gorakhapur ko jonata hai aur bihar se hote hue poorv men asam ko jata hai, yah zile ke dakshin se hokar gujarata hai. mukhy rel lain men zila ke bhitar poorv se pashchim ki taraph 6 mukhy relave steshan munderava, odavara, basti, govind nagar, tinich aur gaur panata hai.

sadak marg dvara

vartaman men uttar pradesh rajy parivahan nigam ki (lagabhag) 200 basen zile men 27 margon par chal rahi hai.

adarsh sthal

snt ravidas van vihar, ganeshapur, makhauda, chhavani bazar, nagar, chndoo tal, barah, bhadreshh‍var nath, agauna adi yahan ke pramukh paryatan sthalon men se hai. isaka zila mukhyalay basti shahar hai. aitihasik drishti se bhi yah sthan kafi mahattvapoorn mana jata hai. basti zila snt kabir nagar zila ke poorv aur gonda ke pashchim men sthit hai. kshetraphal ki drishti se bhi yah uttar pradesh ka satavan bada zila hai. prachin samay men basti ko kaushal ke nam se jana jata tha .

ganeshapur

ganeshapur basti zila ka ek chhota sa ganv hai. yah pashchim men mukhyalay se sirf 4 kilomitar door aur kuvanna nadi ke tat par sthit hai. yah purane mool ke pindariyon ke utpatti ka sthan hai.

makhauda

makhauda zila mukhyalay ke pashchim se lagabhag 57 kilomitar ki doori par hai. yah sthan ramayan kal se hi kafi prasiddh hai. kaha jata hai raja dasharath ne is jagah par shasan kiya tha. makhaula kaushal mahajanapad ka ek hissa tha.

chhavani bazar

chhavani bazar zila mukhyalay se lagabhag 40 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. chhavani bazar 1857 ee. ke dauran svatntrata senaniyon ka pramukh sharan sthan raha hai. yah sthan pipal ke vrikshon ke lie bhi prasiddh hai. isi jagah par british sarakar ne janaral phort ki mrityu ke pashchath karravaee men 250 javanon ko phansi par lataka diya tha.

nagar

zila mukhyalay se lagabhag ath kilomitar ki doori par sthit nagar ek chhota sa ganv hai. nagar ganv ki pashchim disha men vishal jhil chndoo tal sthit hai. yah machhali pakadane aur nishanebazi karane ke lie prasiddh hai. isake alava yah ganv gautam buddh ke janm sthal ke roop men bhi jana jata hai. chaudahavin shatabdi men yah sthan gautam rajaon ka zila mukhyalay ban gaya tha. us samay ka prachin durg aj bhi yahan dekha ja sakata hai.

bhadeshvar nath

yah kuvana nadi ke tat par, zila mukhyalay se lagabhag 6 kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. bhadreshh‍var nath bhagavan shiv ko samarpit mndir hai. mana jata hai ki is mndir ki sthapana ravan ne ki thi. pratyek varsh shivaratri ke avasar par yahan mele ka ayojan kiya jata hai. kafi snkhya men log is mele men sammilit hote hain.

agauna

aguna zila mukhyalay marg men ram janaki marg par basa hua hai . aguna prasiddh hindi sahityakar shri ram chandr shukl ki janm bhoomi hai .

barah chhatar

barah chhatar zila mukhyalay se pashchim men lagabhag 15 kimi ki doori par kuvanna nadi ke tat par sthit hai. yah jagah mukhy roop se barah mndir ke lie prasiddh hai. barah chhatar lokapriy pauranik pustakon men viyagrapuri roop men jana jata hai. isake alava barah ko bhagavan shiv ki nagari ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

snt ravidas van vihar

snt ravidas van vihar (rashtriy van chetana kendr) kuvana nadi ke tat par sthit hai. yah van vihar zila mukhyalay se keval ek kilomitar ki doori par sthit ganeshapur ganv ke marg par hai. yahan par ek akarshak bal udyan aur jhil sthit hai. is bal udyan aur jhil ki sthapana sarakar dvar pikanik sthal ke roop men ki gee hai. van vihar ke donon taraph se kuvana nadi ka sparsh is jagah ki khoobasoorati ko aur adhik badha deta hai. snt ravidas van vihar sthit jhil men boting ka maja bhi liya ja sakata hai. samanyat: avakash ke dauran aur ravivar ke din any dinon ki tulana men kafi bhid rahati hai.

chndoo tal

chndoo tal zila mukhyalay se ath kilomitar ki doori par sthit hai. mana jata hai ki prachin samay men is jagah ko chandr nagar ke nam se jana jata tha. kuchh samay pashchath yah jagah prakritik roop se ek jhil ke roop men badal gee aur is jagah ko chndoo tal ke nam se jana jane laga. yah jhil panch kilomitar lambi aur char kilomitar chaudi hai. mana jata hai ki is jhil ke as-pas ki jagah se machhuvaron v kuchh any logon ko prachin samay ke dhatu ke bane abhooshan aur aitihasik avashesh prapt hue the. isake alava is jhil men rashtriy evn antarrashtriy pakshiyon ki anek prajatiyan bhi dekhi ja sakati hai.

saksharata

2001 ke roop men, saksharata dar 1991 men 35.36% se 54.28% ki vriddhi huee hai. saksharata dar purushon ke lie 68.16% (1991 men 50.93% se badhi huee) aur 39.00% pratishat mahilaon ke lie (1991 men 18.08% se badh gaya). basti shiksha aur audyogik men uttar pradesh ke pichhade zile men hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
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vithika


tika tippani aur sndarbh


snbndhit lekh

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