मगहर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

nam ki utpatti

bharat ke uttar pradesh rajy ke poorvi bhag ko behichak santon ki karmabhoomi kaha ja sakata hai. isi bhag ke pramukh shahar gorakhapur ke pashchim men lagabhag tis kilomitar door snt kabir nagar zila (5 sitambar 1997 men basti zila ko tod kar bana) men sthit hai magahar. is kasbe ke ek chhor par ami nadi bahati hai. magahar nam ke pichhe kinvadanti bhi rochak hai. magahar ka nam kaise pada is bare men kee janashrutiyan hain jinamen ek yah hai ki eesa poorv chhathi shatabdi men bauddh bhikshu isi marg se kapilavastu, lumbini jaise prasidhd bauddh sthalon ke darshan hetu jate the aur bharatiy sthalon ke bhraman ke lie ane par is sthan par ghane vanamarg par loot-har liya jata tha. is asurakshit rahe kshetr ka nam isi vajah se 'marg-har' arthath 'marg men lootane vale se' pan gaya jo kalantar men apabhrnsh hokar magahar ban gaya. ek any janashruti ke anusar magadharaj ajatashatru ne badrinath jate samay isi raste par padav dala aur asvasth hone ke karan kee din tak yahan vishram kiya jisase unhen svasthy labh hua aur shanti mili. tab magadharaj ne is sthan ko magadhahar bataya. is shabd ka magadh bad men magah ho gaya aur yah sthan magahar kaha jane laga. kabirapnthiyon aur mahatmaon ne magahar shabd ki vyutpatti is prakar ki hai- marg yani rasta aur har yani gyan arthath gyan prapti ka rasta. yah vyutpatti adhik sarthak lagati hai kyonki yadi desh ko sampradayik ekata ke sootr men bandhana hai to isi sthan se gyan prapt kiya ja sakata hai. gorakhapur rashtriy rajamarg ke samip basti se 43 kilomitar aur gorakhapur se 27 kilomitar doori par sthit magahar 1865 tak gorakhapur zile ka ek ganv tha. bad men yah basti zile men shamil ho gaya. tatkalin aur vartaman mukhyamntri mayavati ne sitambar 1997 men basti zile ke kuchh bhagon ko alag karake snt kabir nagar nam se ne zile ke srijan ki ghoshana ki jinamen magahar bhi tha. usi din mayavati ne snt kabir das ki kansy pratima ka anavaran bhi kiya.

magahar aur kabir

jab ham rashtriy rajamarg par basti se gorakhapur ki taraph chalate hai to rashtriy rajamarg se dahine jati huee sadaq par utar kar do-dhaee kilomitar andar sthit hai kabir ka nirvan sthal. magahar ka poora ilaka mehanatakash tabakon se abad hai aur poori zidngi pakhand aur palayan par adharit dharm ke viparit karm aur antardrishti par adharit dharm par zor dene vale kabir ke sharir chhodane ke lie shayad isase behatar ilaka nahin ho sakata tha. vaise bhi kabir ka marana koee sadharan roop se marana to tha nahin.

ja marane so jag dare, mere man anand, kab marihon kab bhetihon, pooran paramanand

kabir ka kashi se magahar ana

kabir ke samay men kashi vidya aur dharm sadhana ka sabase bada kendr to tha hi, vastr vyavasayiyon, vastr karmiyon, julahon ka bhi sabase bada karm kshetr tha. desh ke charon or se log vahan ate rahate the aur unake anurodh par kabir ko bhi door-door tak jana padata tha. magahar bhi aisi hi jagah thi. par usake lie ek andh manyata thi ki yah zamin abhishapt hai. kuchh adnbari tatha pakhndi logon ne prachar kar rakha tha ki vahan marane se moksh nahin milata hai. ise nark dvar ke nam se jana jata tha, tatha jisake bare men lokamanyata thi ki vahan marane vala gadha hota hai. sare bharat men muktidayini ke roop men mani jane vali kashi ko vahin apane jivan ka adhikansh bhag bita chuke kabir ne marane se qarib tin varsh poorv chhod diya aur aisa karate hue kaha bhi-
loka mati ke bhora re, jo kashi tan tajai kabira, tau ramahi kaun nihora re
unhin dinon magahar men bhishan akal pada oosar kshetr, akalagrast sookhi dharati, pani ka namonishan nahin. sari janata trahi-trahi kar uthi. tab khalilabad ke navab bijali khan ne kabir ko magahar chal kar dukhiyon ke kasht nivaran hetu upay karane ko kaha. vriddh tatha kamazor hone ke bavajood kabir vahan jane ke lie taiyar ho gaye. shishyon aur bhakton ke zor dekar mana karane par bhi vah na mane. mitr vyas ke yah kahane par ki magahar men moksh nahin milata hai, lekin sthan ya tirth vishesh ke mahattv ki apeksha karm aur acharan par bal dene vale kabir ne kashi se magahar prasthan ko apani poori zindagi ki sikh ke ek pratik ke roop men rakha aur spasht kiya -
kya kashi, kya oosar magahar, jo pai ram bas mora . jo kabir kashi mare, ramahin kaun nihora
sabaki prarthanaon ko darakinar kar unhonne vahan ja kar logon ki sahayata karane aur magahar ke sir par lage kalnk ko mitane ka nishchay kar liya. unaka to janm hi hua tha roodhiyon aur andh vishvason ko todane ke lie .

kabir ki majar aur samadhi

snt kabiradas ki majar aur samadhi

magahar pahunch kar unhonne ek jagah dhooni ramaee. janashruti hai ki vahan se chamatkari dhng se ek jalasrot nikal aya, jisane dhire-dhire ek talab ka roop le liya. aj bhi ise gorakh talaiya ke nam se jana jata hai. talab se hat kar unhonne ashram ki sthapana ki. yahin par jab unhonne apana sharir chhodane ka samay nikat ane par snt kabir ne apane shishyon ko isaki poorvasoochana di. shishyon men hindoo aur musalaman donon the. sari zindagi sampradayik snkirnata aur us snkirnata ke pratik chihnon se oopar uthakar sahi marg par chalane ka upadesh apane shishyon ko dene vale kabir ke sharir chhodate hi unake shishy usi snkirnata ke vashibhoot hokar guru ke sharir ke antim snskar ko lekar amane-samane khade ho ge. hindoo kashi (rivan) naresh birasinh ke netritv men shastr sahit kooch kar ge aur udhar musalaman navab bijali khan pathan ki sena men golabnd ho ge . vivad men hindoo chahate the ki kabir ka shav jalaya jae aur musalaman use daphanane ke lie katibadhd the. par sare vivad ke ashcharyajanak samadhan men shav ke sthan par unhen kuchh phool mile . adhe phool bantakar us hisse se hinduon ne adhe zamin par guru ki samadhi bana di aur musalamanon ne apane hisse ke baki adhe phoolon se maqabara tatha ashram ko samadhi sthal bana diya gaya. par yahan bhi tngadili ne pichh nahin chhoda hai. is anoothe sanpradayik sauhard ke pratik ke bhi samadhi aur majar ke bich divar bana kar do tukade kar diye gaye hain. vaise bhi yah samadhi sthal upeksha ka shikar hai. kya pata, is poore prakaran par apane 'pooran paramanand' tak pahunch chuke kabir ek bar phir kah uthe honge.

ram rahim ek hain, nam dharaya doy, kahai kabir do nam suni, bharam pano mati koy॥

kabir ki majar aur samadhi matr sau phit ki doori par agal-bagal men sthit hain. samadhi ke bhavan ki divaron par kabir ke pad ukere ge hain. is samadhi ke pas ek mndir bhi hai jise kabir ke hindoo shishyon ne sanh 1520 eesvi men banavaya tha. samadhi se ham majar ki or chale. majar ka nirman samay sanh 1518 eesvi ka bataya jata hai. kabir ki majar ke thik bagal men unake shishy aur svayn pahunche hue fakir kamal sahab ki majar hai. kabir ki majar men pravesh karane ke lie char phit se bhi kam oonchaee ka ek chhota sa dvar hai. samadhi sthal se thodi hi doori par kabir ki gupha hai jo uttar pradesh shasan ke puratattv vibhag dvara snrakshit hai . par yah mool kabir-gupha nahin hai aur snbhavat: mool gupha ka jirnodvar kar do shatabdi poorv astitv men aee thi. zamin ke niche sath sidhiyan utarakar gupha tak pahunchana hota hai. kahate hain ki sadhana aur ekantavas men kabir kabhi-kabhi is gupha men pravesh kar jate the. bad men kabirapnthiyon ne sadhana ke lie isaka upayog kiya par ab ye bnd hai aur ek bar phir jirnoddhar ki pratiksha kar rahi hai. magahar men snt kabir ke nirvan sthal ka poora parisar vartaman samay men sattaees ekad men phaila hua hai. isamen 1982 men adhigrahit kar udyan ke roop men parivartit ki gee pndrah ekad qi zamin shamil hai. parisar men vriksh achchhi snkhya men lage hain aur sadaq se parisar ke bhitar pravesh karate hi donon or lage hue vishalakay vriksh ek sukoon bharan ehasas dete hain. kabirapnthiyon ki mool gaddi varanasi ka kabirachaura math hai. isi gaddi ki chhatrachhaya men avasthit balua math ke vartaman mahnt vichar das magahar ke kabir nirvan sthal ka poora snchalan karate hain. ve achchhe vidvanh hain evn kashi vidyapith se hindi men snakottar star ki shiksha prapt hain. kabir ashram men safed vastron men behad sade dhng se kaya ko dhake hue kabirapnthi poore parisar men seva dete hue nazar ae. mahilaen safed sadi men aur purush dhoti adhi ulti kar bandhe hue. chehare par sajjanata aur gale men kanthi. snt kabir ke sndesh ko jan-jan tak pahunchane aur kabir sahity ke prakashan ke uddeshy se 1993 men tatkalin rajyapal motilal vora ne snt kabir shodh snsthan ki sthapana karaee thi. magahar men har sal tin bade karyakramon ka ayojan kiya jata hai jinamen 12-16 janavari tak magahar mahotsav aur kabir mela, magh shukl ekadashi ko tin divasiy kabir nirvan divas samaroh aur kabir jaynti samaroh ke antargat chalae jane vale anek karyakram shamil hain. magahar mahotsav aur kabir mela men sngoshthi, paricharchaen tatha chitr evn pustak pradarshani ke alava sanskritik karyakram hote hain . kabir jaynti samaroh men anek karyakramon ke madhyam se snt kabir ke sndeshon ka prachar-prasar kiya jata hai. mahnt vichar das ne bataya ki inake alava kabir math sat pramukh gatividhiyan snchalit karata hai jinamen sngit, satsng evn sadhana, kabir sahity ka prachar-prasar, shodh sahity, kabir bal mndir snt ashram evn goseva tatha vriddhashram aur yatriyon ki avasiy vyavastha shamil hain.
snt kabir ke adarsh ke anuroop hi kabirapnthi sadhuon ne magahar men janakalyan hetu kee snsthaon ki sthapana ki hai. shiksha ke kshetr men vishesh roop se pahal ki gee hai aur qarib pachas varsh poorv pnjikrit shiksha samiti ke tatvadhan men asapas ke kshetron men ek darjan se adhik mahavidyalay, intar kaaulej, jooniyar haee skool ityadi chalae ja rahe hain. prashnsaniy bat yah hai ki anath bachchon ki shiksha diksha ke lie ni:shulk vyavastha par atirikt agrah hai. prayas sngit samiti se manyata prapt ek sngit mahavidyalay bhi chalaya ja raha hai jisamen kabir tatha any snton ke padon par adharit sngit rachanaon par vishesh dhyan diya jata hai.

magahar mahotsav

makar snkrati ke avasar par ayojit hone vale magahar mahotsav ka itihas kafi purana hai. pahale is din ek din ka mela lagata tha. sanh 1932 men tatkalin kamishnar es.si.rabart ne magahar ke dhanapati svargiy priyasharan sinh urph jhinakoo baboo ke sahayog se yahan mele ka ayojan karaya tha. rabart jab tak kamishnar rahe tab tak vah har sal is mele men saparivar bhag lete rahe. usake bad 1955 se 1957 tak lagatar tin sal bhavy melon ka ayojan kiya gaya . sanh 1987 men is mele ka svaroop badalane ka prayas shuroo kiya gaya aur 1989 se yah mahotsav sat din aur phir panch din ka ho gaya. is mahotsav men vibhinn sanskritik karyakram, vichar goshthi, kabir darabar, kavvali, satsng, bhajan, kirtan tatha akhil bharatiy kavi sammelan aur mushayare ayojit kie jate hain. maghashukl ekadashi par ayojit kabir-nirvan divas samaroh bhi mahattvapoorn hai. snt kabir shodh snsthan parisar men hi sthit hai aur yahan shodh ke abhilashi chhatron ke lie sari vyavastha ka kharch snsthan hi uthata hai. snsthan dvara snchalit pustakalay bhi hai. snton ki bani par kendrit prachin pandulipiyan agar is snsthan men suniyojit roop se snrakshit ki ja saken to shodh ko naya ayam mil sakata hai. kinvadnti kahate hai ki sadhuon aur bhakton ki suvidha ke lie kabir ne jal ki dhara ulti modaqar ashram ke nikat se baha di thi. purane jamane men ami ke jal ki mahatta thi aur mana jata tha ki isamen snan karane se asadhy charmarog door ho jate hain. aj bhi kabir nirvan divas par shradhdavash isake jal se snan kiya jata hai.

magahar me rashtrapati epije abdul kalam

11 agast, 2003 ki bat hai, tatkalin rashtrapati epije abdul kalam magahar ae the. misail main abdul kalam ne bhi us samay magahar ki durdasha ko mahasoos kiya tha. apani pida ko unhonne shabdon men vyakt karate hue kaha tha ki magahar ko antararashtriy paryatan sthal banaya jana chahie. kabir ke vichar aur sndesh aj ke daur men pahale se adhik prasngik hain. kalam ke prayason se ek lakh rupaya samadhi sthal aur ek lakh rupaya majar sthal ko vikasit karane ke lie mila tha. vah din hai aur aj ka samay, shasan star se koee madad magahar ko nahin mili.

snbndhit lekh


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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