धर्मराजिका स्तूप  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dharmarajika stoop
'dharmarajika stoop', saranath
vivaran 'dharmarajika stoop' bauddh dharm ke prasiddh tirth sthanon men se ek hai, jo saranath, uttar pradesh men sthit hai. utkhanan se is stoop se do moortiyan mili thin.
rajy uttar pradesh
shahar saranath
nirman kal maury kal
nirmanakarta maury samrat ashok
snbndhit lekh saranath, banaras, raja chetasinh
any janakari varsh 1794 ee. men banaras ke raja chetasinh ke divan jagatasinh ke adamiyon ne kashi ka prasiddh muhalla jagatagnj banane ke lie is stoop ki eenton ko khod dala.

dharmarajika stoop saranath, uttar pradesh men sthit hai. prarambh men is stoop ka vyas 13.49 mitar tha. bad ke samay men chh: bar isake svaroop men parivartan kiya gaya, jisamen isake charon or ka parikrama path aur charon dishaon se isaki chhat par le jane vali sidhiyan pramukh thin. san 1794 men jab banaras par raja chetasinh ka shasan tha, unake ek divan jagatasinh ne is imarat men lagi eenton ka nirman samagri ke roop men prayog karane ke lie ise tudava diya. toote stoop ke andar se patthar ke bakse men hare rng ke sngamaramar par khude bauddh abhilekh mile. durbhagyavash sngamaramar ke us tukade ko gnga nadi men pravahit kar diya gaya. aj bhi patthar ka vah baksa kolakata ke rashtriy sngrahalay men surakshit hai.

itihas

is stoop ka nirman maury samrat ashok ne karavaya tha. durbhagyavash 1794 ee. men banaras ke divan jagatasinh ke adamiyon ne kashi ka prasiddh muhalla jagatagnj banane ke lie isaki eenton ko khod dala. khudaee ke samay 8.23 mitar ki gaharaee par ek prastar patr ke bhitar sngaramaramar ki mnjoosha men kuchh haddiyan evn suvarnapatr, moti ke danen evn ratn mile the, jise unhonne vishesh mahattv ka n manakar gnga men pravahit kar diya.[1] yahan se prapt mahipal ke samay ke 1026 ee. ke ek lekh men yah ullekh hai ki sthirapal aur basntapal namak do bndhuon ne dharmarajika aur dharmachakr ka jirnoddhar kiya.[2]

sthapaty

varsh 1907-1908 ee. men marshal ke nirdeshan men khudaee se is stoop ke kramik parinirmanon ke itihas ka pata chala.[3] is stoop ka kee bar parivarddhan evn snskar hua. is stoop ke mool bhag ka nirman ashok ne karavaya tha. us samay isaka vyas 13.48 mi. (44 phut 3 inch) tha. isamen prayukt kilakar eenton ki map 19 ½ inch X 14 ½ inch X 2 ½ inch aur 16 ½ inch X 12 ½ inch X 3 ½ inch thi.

parivarddhan

  • sarvapratham parivarddhan kushan kal ya arnbhik gupt kal men hua. is samay stoop men prayukt eenton ki map 17 inch X10 ½ inch X 2 ¾ eech thi.
  • doosara parivarddhan hoonon ke akraman ke pashchath panchavi ya chhathi shatabdi men hua. is samay isake charon or 16 phut (4.6 mitar) chauda ek pradakshina path joda gaya.
  • tisari bar stoop ka parivarddhan harsh ke shasan kal (7vin sadi) men hua. us samay stoop ke girane ke dar se pradakshina path ko eenton se bhar diya gaya aur stoop tak pahunchane ke lie sidhiyan laga di geen.
  • chautha parivarddhan bngal naresh mahipal ne mahamood gazanavi ke akraman ke das varsh bad karaya.
  • antim punaruddhar lagabhag 1114 ee. se 1154 ee. ke madhy hua.[4] isake pashchath muslimon ke akraman ne saranath ko nasht kar diya.

utkhanan se is stoop se do moortiyan milin. ye moortiyan saranath se prapt moortiyon men mukhy hain. pahali moorti kanishk ke rajy snvatsar 3 (81 ee.) men sthapit vishal bodhisatv pratima aur doosari dharmachakrapravartan mudra men bhagavan buddh ki moorti. ye moortiyan saranath ki sarvashreshth kalakritiyan hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. eshiyatik risarchej, 5, pri. 131-132 dekhen- motichndr, kashi ka itihas, pri. 54
  2. arkiyolajikalh sarve aphh indiya, varshik riport, 1903-04, pri. 221
  3. tatraiv, 1907-08, pri. 65
  4. buletin aauf di yoo.pi. histarikal sosaiti, snkhya 4, lakhanoo, (1965) pri. 41

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah