साकेत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg saket ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- saket (bahuvikalpi)
bauddh math, saket

ayodhya ke nikat, poorv-bauddhakal men basa hua nagar jo ayodhya ka ek upanagar tha. valmiki ramayan se gyat hota hai ki shriram ke svargarohan ke pashchath ayodhya ujad ho gee thi. jan padata hai ki kalantar men, is nagari ke, guptakal men phir se basane ke poorv hi saket namak upanagar sthapit ho gaya tha. valmiki ramayan tatha mahabharat ke prachin bhag men saket ka nam nahin hai. bauddh sahity men adhikatar, ayodhya ke ullekh ke bajay sarvatr saket ka hi ullekh milata hai, yadyapi donon nagariyon ka sath-sath varnan bhi hai.[1] guptakal men saket tatha ayodhya donon hi ka nam milata hai. is samay tak ayodhya pun: bas gee thi aur chndragupt dvitiy ne yahan apani rajadhani bhi banaee thi. kuchh logon ke mat men bauddh kal men saket tatha ayodhya donon paryayavachi nam the kintu yah saty nahin jan padata. ayodhya ki prachin basti is samay bhi rahi hogi kintu ujad hone ke karan usaka poorv gaurav vilupt ho gaya tha.

  • vebar ke anusar saket nam ke kee nagar the.[2]
  • kaningham ne saket ka abhigyan fahyan ke shache aur yuvanachvang ki vishakha nagari se kiya hai kintu ab yah abhigyan ashuddh pramanit ho chuka hai. sab baton ka nishkarsh yah jan padata hai ki ayodhya ki ramayan-kalin basti ke ujad jane ke pashchath bauddh kal ke prarnbh men (6thi-5vin shati ee.poo.) saket namak ayodhya ka ek upanagar bas gaya tha jo guptakal tak prasiddh raha aur hindoo dharm ke utkarsh kal men ayodhya ki basti phir se bas jane ke pashchath dhire-dhire usi ka ang ban kar apana prithakh astitv kho baitha.
  • aitihasik drishti se saket ka sarvapratham ullekh bauddh jatakakathaon men milata hai. nndiyamig jatak men saket ko kosal-raj ki rajadhani bataya gaya hai.
  • mahavagg [3]men saket ko shravasti se 6 kos door bataya gaya hai.
  • patnjali ne dvitiy shati ee.poo. men saket men grik (yavan) akramanakariyon ka ullekh karate hue unake dvara saket ke akrant hone ka varnan kiya hai, [4] adhikansh vidvanon ke mat men pntajali ne yahan menendar (bauddh sahity ka milind) ke bharat-akraman ka ullekh kiya hai.
  • kalidas ne raghuvnsh men [5] raghu ki rajadhani ko saket kaha hai-

'janasy saketanivasinastau dvavapyabhootamavinandy satvau, gurupradeyadhikani:sprihoarthi nripoarthikamadadhikapradashch'[6] men ram ki rajadhani ke nivasiyon ko saket nam se abhihit kiya gaya hai.

'yan saikatotsngasukhochitanamh'[7] men saket ke upavan ka ullekh hai jisamen lnka se lautane ke pashchath shriram ko thaharaya gaya tha-

'saketopavanamudaramadhyuvas'[8] men saket ki puranariyon ka varnan hai-

'prasadavatayanadrishyabndhai: saketanaryoanchajalibhi: pranemu:'

uparyukt uddharanon se jan padata hai ki kalidas ne ayodhya aur saket ko ek nagari mana hai. yah sthiti gupt kal athava kalidas ke samay men vastavik roop men rahi hogi kyonki is samay tak ayodhya ki nee basti phir se bas chuki thi aur bauddhakal ka saket isi men sammilit ho gaya tha. kalidas ne ayodhya ka to anek sthanon par ullekh kiya hi hai. anushangik roop se, is tathy se kalidas ka samay gupt kal hi siddh hota hai.


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rais devij-buddhist indiya, pri0 39
  2. indiyan entikveri, 2,208
  3. mahavagg 7,11
  4. 'aroonadh yavan: saketamh aroonadh yavanon madhyamikamh'.
  5. raghuvnsh 5,31
  6. raghu0 13,62
  7. raghu0 13,79
  8. raghu0 14,13

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