लंका  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

lnka hindoo pauranik grnthon tatha manyataon ke anusar ramayan kal men ravan ki rajadhani thi. isaki sthiti vartaman 'sinhal' (saulon) ya lnka dvip men mani jati hai. mana jata hai ki may danav ne is nagari ko nirmit kiya tha, kintu doosari parampara ke anusar devashilpi vishvakarma dvara isaka nirman mana jata hai. chitrakoot parvat ke bich samudron se ghiri kuber ki svarg nagari lnka ko ravan ne apane parakram se chhin liya tha. yadyapi adhunik lnka men isaka kinchit matr bhi ullekh nahin prapt hota hai, kintu ram-katha ke prasng men 'valmiki ramayan' se lekar aj tak likhe gaye samast ram-kavyon men isaka prayog milata hai.

pauranik ullekh

lnka 'trikoot' namak parvat par sthit thi. yah nagari apane aishvary aur vaibhav ki parakashtha ke karan svarn-mayi kahi jati thi. valmiki ne aranyakand[1] aur sundarakand[2] men lnka ka sudar varnan kiya hai-

'pradoshkale hanumannstoornamutpaty viryavanh, pravivesh purin ramyan pravibhaktan mahapathamh, prasadamalan vitata stabhaiah kachanasanibhaiah, shatakubhanibhairjalairgadharvanagaropamamh, saptabhaumashtabhaumaishch s dadarsh mahapurimh; sthalaiah sphatikasnkirnah kartasvaranvibhooshitaiah, taiste shushabhiretani bhavanyatr rakshasamh.'

bharat aur lnka ke bich ke samudr par pul banakar shriramachndr apani sena ko lnka le ge the. valmiki ramayan ke anusar, bharat ke dakshinatam bhag men sthit mahendr namak parvat se koodakar shriram ke param bhakt hanuman samudr par lnka pahunche the. ramachndraji ki sena ne lnka men pahunchakar samudr tat ke nikat suvel parvat par pahala shivir banaya tha. lnka aur bharat ke bich ke uthale samudr men jo jalamagn parvat shreni hai, usake ek bhag ko valmiki ramayan men mainak kaha gaya hai.[3]

valmiki ramayan ka varnan

valmiki ramayan, sundarakand[4] men bhi is ramyanagari ka manohar varnan hai, jisaka mukhy bhag is prakar hai- 'sharadambudharaprakhyaibhnvanairupashobhitamh, sagaropam nirghoshan sagaranilasevitamh. supushtabalasnpushtan yathaiv vitapavatimh charutorananiryoohan pandooradvaratonamh. bhujagacharitan guptan shubhan bhogavatimiv, tan savidyadghanakirna jyotirgananisheditamh. chndamarutanirhriadan yatha chapyamaravatimh shatakunbhen mahata prakarenabhisnvritamh kinkanijalaghoshabhi: patakabhirnlnkritamh, asady sahasa hrisht: prakaramabhipedivanh. vaidooryakritasopanai:, sphatik muktabhirmanikuttimabhooshitai: taptahatak niryoohai: rajatamalapandoorai:, vaidooryakritasopanai: sphatikantarapansubhi:, charusnjavanopetai: khamivotpatitai: shubhai:, kraunchabarhinasnghushtairajihnsanishevitai:, tooryabharananirghorvai: sarvat: parinaditamh. vasvokasarapratiman samikshy nagari tat:, khamivotpatitan lnkan jaharsh hanumanh kapi:.'[5][3]

hanuman ne sita se ashok vatika men bhet karane ke uparant lnka ka ek bhag jalakar bhasm kar diya tha. sundarakand[6] aur sundarakand 14 men lnka ke anek kritrim vanon evn tadagon ka varnan hai. ram ne ravan ke vadhoparant lnka ka rajy vibhishan ko de diya tha.

bauddh dharm ka prachar

bauddhakalin lnka ka itihas 'mahavnsh' tatha 'dipavnsh' namak pali grntho men prapt hota hai. ashok ke putr mahendr tatha putri snghamitra ne sarvapratham lnka men bauddh mat ka prachar kiya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. aranyakand 55,7-9
  2. sundarakand 2,48-50
  3. 3.0 3.1 aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 807 |
  4. sundarakand 3
  5. sundarakand 3,2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12
  6. sundarakand 54,8-9

snbndhit lekh

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