सीता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
sita
Ramayana.jpg
any nam janaki, vaidehi
avatar lakshmivatar
vnsh-gotr nimi
mata prithvi man
dharm pita janak
dharm mata videhi
janm vivaran akal padane ke karan hal jotane se prithvi ko phodakar sita ka janm
samay-kal ramayan kal
parijan pita=janak, bahan=urmila
vivah ram
sntan lav, kush
sndarbh grnth ramayan
prasiddh ghatanaen vanavas, haran, agni-pariksha, dharati men samana
yashakirti pativrata, svabhimani
Disamb2.jpg sita ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- sita (bahuvikalpi)

sita ramayan aur ramacharitamanas ki mukhy patr hai. hindoo dharm men inaki devi ke roop men pooja ki jati hai. sita mithila ke raja janak ki jyeshth putri thi. inaka vivah ayodhya ke raja dasharath ke jyeshth putr ram se svaynvar men shivadhanush ko bhng karane ke uparant hua tha. inaki stri v pativrata dharm ke karan inaka nam adar se liya jata hai. treta yug men inhen saubhagy ki devi lakshmi ka avatar manate hain. raja janak ki putri ka nam sita isalie tha ki ve janak ko hal karshit rekhabhoomi se prapt huee thin. bad men unaka vivah bhagavan ram se hua. valmiki ramayan[1] men janak ji sita ki utpatti ki katha is prakar kahate hain:

ath me krishat: kshetrn langaladutthita tat:.
kshetrn shodhayata labdha namna siteti vishruta॥
bhootakaduttthita sa tu vyavarddhat mamatmaja.
diryashukleti me kanya sthapiteyamayonija॥

yahi katha padm puran tatha bhavishy puran[2] men vistar ke sath kahi gayi hai. inhen bhi dekhen: sita upanishad

shriram se vivah

manyataen

  • sita ek nadi ka nam hai.
  • bhagavat [3] ke anusar vah bhadrashv varsh ki gnga hai:

sita tu brahmasadanath keshavachaladi girashikharebhyoadhoadh: prastravanti gandhamadanamoorddhasu patitvaantaren bhadrashvn varsh prachyan dishi ksharasamudrn abhipravishati.

  • 'shabdamala' men sita ke sambandh men nimnankit kathan hai-

gngayantu bhadrasoma mahabhadrath patala.
tasya: stotrasi sita ch vadkshurbhadra ch kirtita॥
tadbhedealakanandapi sharini tvalpanimnaga ॥

sahity men sita

  • sita ke adarsh se prabhavit lakshman kahate hain-

“nari ke jis bhavy bhav ka, svabhiman bhashi hoon main . use naron men bhi pane ka, utsuk abhilashi hoon main॥[4]

  • sita- ramakavy parampara ke antargat sita bharatiy nari-bhavana ka charamotkrisht nidarshan hai, jahan nana puran nigamagamon men vyakt nari adarsh sapran evn jivant ho uthe hain . nari patron men sita hi sarvadhik, vinayashila, lajjashila, snyamashila, sahishnu aur pativrat ki dipti se daidipyaman nari hain . samoocha ramakavy usake tap, tyag evn balidan ke mngal kunkum se jagamaga utha hai . lnka men sita ko pahachanakar unake vyaktitv ki prashnsa karate hue hanuman ji ne kaha-

“dushkarn kritavanh ramo hino yadanaya prabhuah dharayatyatmano dehn n shokenavasidati . yadi namah samudrantan medinin parivartayeth asthaah krite jagachchapi yukt mityev me matiah..[5] arthath aisi sita ke bina jivit rahakar ram ne sachamuch hi bada dushkar kary kiya hai. inake lie yadi ram samudr-paryant prithvi ko palat den to bhi meri samajh men uchit hi hoga, trailauky ka rajy sita ki ek kala ke barabar bhi nahin hai . patni v pati bharatiy snskriti men ek-doosare ke poorak hain . adarsh patni ka charitr hamen jagadamba janaki ke charitr men tab tak drishti-gochar hota hai, jab shriram dvara van men sath n chalane ki prerana karane par apana antim nirnay in shabdon men kah deti hai- prananath tumh binu jag mahin . mo kahun sukhad katahun kachhu nahin . jiy bin deh nadi binu bari . taisia nath purush binu nari॥[6]

  • vishadagrast hokar bhi patni athava pati ko apane jivan-sathi ka dhyan rakhana bharatiy sanskritik adarsh hai . sita ko ashokavatika men rakhakar ravan ne sam, dam, dand, bhed adi upayon se path-vichalit karane ka prayas kiya, parantu sita me apane parivarik adarsh ka parichay dete hue keval shriram ka hi dhyan kiya, yatha-

trin dhari ot kahati vaidehi, sumiri avadhapati param sanehi . sunu das mukh khadyot prakasa, kabahun ki nalini kari vikasa॥[7]

  • vanagaman ke avasar par sita jab urmila ke prati snvedana prakat karati hai, us samay mata sumitra ke marmik udgaron men sita ke charitr ki jhanki milati hai-

pati-parayana, patit bhavana, bhakti bhavana, bhakti bhavana mridu tum ho, snehamayi, vatsalyamayi, shrikriram-kamana mridu tum ho॥[8]

  • sita ek or bharatiy adarsh patni hai, jinamen pati-parayanata, tyag, seva, shil aur saujany hai, to doosari or ve yug-jivan ki maryada ke anuroop shramasadhy jivan-yapan men gaurav ka anubhav karane vali nari hain, yatha-

auron ke hathon yahan nahin chalati hoon . apane pairon par khadi ap chalati hoon॥ [9]

  • lokapavad ke karan sita nirvasit hoti hai, parantu vah apana udar hriday v sahishnu charitr ka parityag nahin karati aur n hi pati ko dosh deti hai, balki ise lokottar tyag kahakar shirodhary karati hai v apani shreshthata siddh karati hai-

yadi kalnkita huee kirti to munh kaise dikhalaoongi . jivanadhar par utsargit ho jivan dhany banaoongi . hai lokottar tyag apana lokaradhan hai nyara . kaise snbhav hai ki vah n ho shirodharyy mere dvara ..[10]

  • isi prakar samast grnthon men sita ke charitr ka ujjvalatam paksh prastut hua hai . vah ram-katha ke kendr men rahakar kendriy patr bani hain .

sita ka janm

mithila pradesh ke raja janak ke rajy men ek bar akal padane laga. ve svayn hal jotane lage. tabhi prithvi ko phodakar sita nikal ayi. jab raja bij bo rahe the tab sita ko dhool men padi pakar unhonne utha liya. unhonne akashavani suni - 'yah tumhari dharmakanya hai.' tab tak raja ki koee sntan nahin thi. unhonne use putrivat pala aur apani badi rani ko saunp diya.[11]

sita ka svaynvar

kishori sita ke lie yogy var prapt karana kathin ho gaya, kyonki sita ne manav-yoni se janm nahin liya tha. ant men raja janak ne sita ka svaynvar racha. ek bar daksh yaksh ke avasar par varun dev ne janak ko ek dhanush aur banon se apoorit do tarakash diye the. vah dhanush anek log milakar bhi hila nahin pate the. janak ne ghoshana ki ki jo manushy dhanush ko uthakar usaki pratyncha chadha dega, usase ve sita ka vivah kar denge.[12] raja is kasauti par asaphal rahe to unhonne apana apaman janakar janakapuri ko tahas-nahas kar dala. raja janak ne tapasya se devataon ko prasann kiya tatha unaki chaturngini sena se un rajaon ko parast kiya. raja janak se yah vrittant janakar vishvamitr ne ram-lakshman ko vah dhanush dikhalane ki ichchha prakat ki. janak ki agya se ath pahiyon vale sndook men bnd us dhanush ko panch hazar vir thel kar laye. janak ne kaha ki jis dhanush ko uthane, pratyncha chadhane aur tnkar karane men devata, danav, daity, rakshas, gndharv aur kinnar bhi samarth nahin hain, use manushy bhala kaise utha sakata hai! sndook kholakar, raja janak ki anumati se, ram ne atynt sahajata se vah dhanush uthakar chadhaya aur madhy se tod dala. ram, lakshman, vishvamitr aur janak ke atirikt shesh samast upasthit gan tatkal behosh ho gaye. janak ne prasannachitt sita ka vivah ram se karane ki thani aur raja dasharath ko sadar lane ke lie mantriyon ko ayodhya bheja. raja dasharath ne vasishth, vamadev tatha apane mantriyon se salah ki aur videh ke nagar ki or prasthan kiya. raja janak ne apane bhaee kushadhvaj ko bhi sankashya nagari se bula bheja. raja dasharath aur janak ne apani vnshavali ka poorn parichay dekar sita aur urmila ka vivah ram aur lakshman se tay kar diya tatha vishvamitr ke prastav se kushadhvaj ki do sundari kanyaon mandavi-shrutakirti ka vivah bharat tatha shatrughn ke sath nishchit kar diya. uttara phalguni nakshatr men charon bhaiyon ka vivah ho gaya.

ram ka ravan se yuddh

ram ka ravan se yuddh

kalantar men kaikeyi ke var mang lene par sita aur lakshman sahit ram chaudah varsh ke vanavas ke lie chale gaye. van men ravan ne sita ka haran kiya. phalasvaroop ram - ravan yuddh hua. [13] ranakshetr men vanar-sena tatha ram - lakshman ko vyagr karane ke nimitt meghanad ne maya ka vistar kiya. ek mayavi sita ki rachana ki, jo sita ki bhanti hi krishakay tatha ast-vyast veshabhoosha dharan kiye thi. meghanad ne us mayavi sita ko apane rath ke samane baitha kar ranakshetr men ghoomana prarnbh kiya. vanaron ne use sita samajhakar prahar nahin kiya. meghanad ne mayavi sita ke bal pakadakar khinche tatha usake do tukade karake mar dala. charon or phaila khoon dekhakar sab log shokakul ho uthe. hanuman ne sita ko mara janakar vanaron ko yuddh n karane ki vyavastha di kyonki jis sita ke lie yuddh kar rahe the, vahi nahin rahi to yuddh karana vyarth hai. yah dekhakar meghanad nikunbhila devi ke sthan par jakar havan karane laga. ram ne sita ke nidhan ke vishay men jana to achet ho gaye. jab ram ki chetana lauti to lakshman ne anek prakar se unako samajhaya tatha vibhishan ne kaha ki 'ravan kabhi bhi sita ko marane ki agya nahin de sakata, at: yah nishchay hi maya ka pradarshan kiya gaya hoga[14].'

agni pariksha

lnka-vijay ke uparant ram ne sita se kaha- 'tum ravan ke pas bahut rahi ho, at: mujhe tumhare charitr par sndeh hai. tum svechchha se lakshman, bharat athava vibhishan kisi ke bhi pas jakar raho, main tumhen grahan nahin karoonga.' sita ne glani, apaman aur du:kh se vigalit hokar chita taiyar karane ki agya di. lakshman ne chita taiyar ki. sita ne yah kaha - 'yadi man - vachan - karm se mainne sadaiv ram ko hi smaran kiya hai tatha ravan jis sharir ko uthakar le gaya tha, vah avash tha, tab agnidev meri raksha karen.' aur jalati huee chita men pravesh kiya. agnidev ne pratyaksh roop dharan karake sita ko god men uthakar ram ke sammukh prastut karate hue kaha ki vah har prakar se pavitr hain. taduparant ram ne prasann bhav se sita ko grahan kiya aur upasthit samuday ko batalaya ki unhonne lok ninda ke bhay se sita ko grahan nahin kiya tha.[15]

sita ka tyag

kuchh samay bad mantriyon aur durmukh namak ek guptachar ke munh se ram ne jana ki prajajan sita ki pavitrata ke vishay men sndigdh hain. at: sita aur ram ko lekar anek baten kahate hain. sita garbhavati thin aur unhonne ram se ek bar tapovan ki shobha dekhane ki ichchha prakat ki thi. raghu vnsh ko kalnk se bachane ke lie ram ne sita ko tapovan ki shobha dekhane ke bahane se lakshman ke sath bheja. lakshman ko alag bulakar ram ne kaha ki vah sita ko vahin chhod aye. lakshman ne tapovan men pahunchakar atynt udvign man se sita se sab kuchh kah sunaya aur laut aya. sita ka roodan sunakar valmiki ne divy drishti se sab baten jan lin tatha sita ko apane ashram men sthan diya. usi ashram men sita ne lav aur kush namak putron ko janm diya. balakon ka lalan-palan bhi ashram men hi hua. ram is sabake vishay men kuchh nahin janate the.[16]

ashvamedh ygy

yah sita ki charm nirmit kathaputali hai jo ram ki katha batane ke lie andhr pradesh, keral aur maisoor men istemal kari jati hai. prakash-chhaya ke ye naty kee sthanon par prasiddh hain

jab ram ne ashvamedh ygy kiya, us samay lav aur kush namak shishyon ko valmiki ne ramayan sunane ke lie bheja. ram ne mod bhav se vah charitr suna. pratidin ve donon bis sarg sunate the. uttar kand tak pahunchane par ram ne jana ki ve donon ram ke hi balak hain. ram ne sita ko kahalaya ki yadi ve nishpap hain to sabha men akar apani pavitrata prakat karen. valmiki sita ko lekar gaye . vasishth ne kaha- 'he ram, main varun ka dasavan putr hoon. jivan men mainne kabhi jhooth nahin bola. ye donon tumhare putr hain. yadi mainne jhooth bola ho to meri tapasya ka phal mujhe n mile. mainne divy-drishti se usaki pavitrata dekh li hai.' sita hath jodakar niche mukh karake boli- 'he dharati man, yadi main pavitr hoon to dharati phat jaye aur main usamen sama jaoo.' jab sita ne yah kaha tab nagon par rakha ek sinhasan prithvi phadakar bahar nikala. sinhasan par prithvi devi baithi thin. unhonne sita ko god men baitha liya. sita ke baithate hi vah sinhasan dharati men dhnsane laga.[17]

any kathaen

  • ram ne agni-pariksha ke uparant sita ko grahan kiya. is bat ka hanuman aur angad ne virodh kiya. unake anusar samast kutunb aur prajajanon ke sammukh sita ki pavitrata pramanit karake hi use grahan karana chahie. ram-lakshman nahin mane. rajy men pahunchakar kuchh samay bad lokapavad sunakar ram ne pun: sita ko nirvasit kar diya. ashvamedh ygy ke samay angad aur hanuman ko gyat hua to ve rusht aur dukhi hokar gnga - snan se papon ka shaman karane gaye.[18]
  • janak ki patarani ka nam videhi tha. usake garbhini hone par prabhavashali dev (jo poorvajanm men pingal sadhu tha) ne apane poorvajanm ka smaran kiya tatha jana ki usake udar se ek any jiv ke sath usaka bhootapoorv shatru bhi janm le raha hai. ek judavan putr aur kanya ka janm hone par us dev ne putr ka apaharan kar liya. vah use shila par patakakar mar dalana chahata tha kintu use apane punyon ka nash karane ki ichchha nahin huee. at: usane udyan men hi balak ko rakh diya. gavaksh se chndragati khechar ne use dekha to uthakar apani patni anshumata ke pas lita diya. ve donon putrahin the. use putr manakar unhonne lalan - palan kiya. usaka nam bhanmadal rakha gaya. log usako hi putr ka janak samajhe. videhi apana putr khokar bahut dukhi huee. bahut dhoondhane par bhi vah nahin mila. kanya ka nam sita rakha gaya. bade hone par ek din prithvi par ghoomate hue narad ne sita ke vishay men suna to vah akash marg se use dekhane gaya. narad ke bhaynkar roop ko dekhakar vah bhayatura mahal ke andar chali gayi. narad ko dvarapalon ne rok liya. narad vahan se to chala gaya, par sita se vair than liya. usane rathanoopur nagar men pat par sita ka chitr khincha, jise dekhakar bhamndal us par mugdh ho gaya. narad ne prakat hokar usaka parichay diya aur svayn akash-marg se chala gaya. putr ki ichchha janakar chndragati ne kaha- 'ham log akash men rahane vale vidyadhar hain. manushyon ke pas hamara jana shobha nahin deta.' usane chapalagati namak ek doot ko prithvi par bheja ki vah janak ko le aye. chapalagati ashv ka roop dharan karake janak ke pas gaya. naye ashv ko dekh janak ne use ashvashala men bandh liya. ek din raja us ghode par baitha to vah turnt raja sahit udakar vriksh ki ek shakha se ja laga. ashv apane vastavik roop men prakat hua. chndragati ne apane putr ke lie sita ko manga. janak ne kaha ki vah pahale hi ram ko samarpit karane ka nishchay kar chuka hai. chndragati ne vidyadharon ke hath janak ke sath ek mahadhanush bheja aur kaha- 'yadi ram is dhanush ki pratyncha chadha denge to vah sita ko prapt kar le. yadi vah aisa n kar paya to bhamndal usaka apaharan kar lega.' ram ne dhanush uthakar pratyncha chadha di. at: usane sita ko prapt kar liya. tadanntar lakshman ne dhanush modakar chndrakar kar diya. bharat sochane laga- 'usi pita ka putr hokar main abhaga rah gaya.'
jngal men ram, sita aur lakshman
  • ram-lakshman ke sath sita ne bhi rajy ka parityag kar van ki or prasthan kiya. durbhagy se ravan ne use har liya. ravan poorvasnkalp ke karan par nari ki ichchha ke bina usaka upabhog nahin kar raha tha kintu ram se bichhudakar sita nirahar rahane lagi. use ravan ne anek prakar se mayavi krityon dvara daraya bhi kintu usaka man ram men hi rama raha. sita ko prapt karake ram saket pahuncha. lakshman ka rajyabhishek hua tatha sita ke garbh ki ghoshana huee. sita garbhakal men jin mndiron ke darshan karana chahati thi. ram ne rajy men sita ke charitr-vishayak apavad sune, kyonki use ravan ne hara tha. ram ne lokapavad se bachane ke lie niraparadhini sita ko jain-mndiron ke darshan karavane ke bahane se jngal men bhej diya. bhayanak jngal men use chhodate hue senapati kritantavadan ka dil bhi dahal uthan rath lautate hue usane sita ko usake nirvasan aur usaka karan bhi bata diya. snyog se us din hathiyon ko pakadane ke lie raja vajrajngh bhi usi jngal men gaya tha. usane sita ki bat suni to use ashvasan pradan karake apane rajy men sharan di. kalantar men usane do putron ko janm diya, jinake nam anngalavan tatha madanankush the.[19]
  • ravan ne khar dooshan aur sena ke sath dndakarany men pahunchakar pushpak viman se hi sita ko dekha to mugdh ho gaya. lakshman ne ram aur sita ko thaharane ke lie kaha aur svayn yuddh ke lie prasthan kiya. thode samay uparant ravan ne lakshman jaisi avaz men zor se sinhanad kiya. ram us avaz ko sunakar akul ho gaye. ve sita ko jatayu ke snrakshan men chhodakar yuddh ke lie chale gaye. suavasar janakar ravan ne viman nicha kiya tatha sita ko balat usamen baitha liya. jatayu ke rokane par use ghayal karake prithvi par dhakel diya aur sita sahit viman men ud chala. sita rone lagi. ravan ne socha, jab tak vah svechchha se usake nikat nahin ayegi, vah usaka upabhog nahin karega. udhar ram lakshman ke pas pahunche to vah thik tha aur usane anurodhapoorvak ram ko vapas bhej diya. lautane par sita nahin mili. ghayal jatayu ne samast vrittant kah sunaya. lakshman viradhit ki sahayata se un sabako parast karake lauta to dekha ki sita ka apaharan ho chuka hai. raja viradhit ki sahayata karate hue lakshman ne kharadooshan ko mar dala tha, at: sita ko khojane ke lie viradhit ne apane samast sevakon ka prayog kiya.[20]
  • anngalavan tatha madanankush se ram-lakshman ka yuddh hone ke uparant sita anek nariyon se ghiri huee ram ke pas pahunchi. apavad ke shaman ke lie usane agni-pariksha ka angikaran kiya. sita ne kaha- 'he agni! yadi mere man men kabhi bhi ram se itar koee purush nahin aya hai to too mujhe n jalana.' jis jagah lakadiyan lagakar agni prajvalit ki gayi thi, vah sita ke pravesh karate hi pani ki bavadi ke roop men parinat ho gaya. dhire-dhire jal badhata gaya-log doobane lage. sita ka sparsh pakar jal pun: simit ho gaya. ram ne sita se kshama-yachana ki. sita ne use apana karmajany prarabdh hi mana. usane apane bal ukhad dale tatha diksha le li. sakal bhooshan muni ne ram ke poorvabhav ke vishay men bataya sita ne 'pravrajya' grahan ki.[21]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. valmiki ramayan,1.66.13-14
  2. bhavishy puran, sitanavami vrat mahatmy
  3. bhagavat, pnchamaskandh
  4. saket , prishth 94
  5. valmiki ramayan, sundakand 15, 55 aur 16, 13
  6. ramacharit manas, ayodhyakand 65/ 6-7
  7. ramacharit manas, sundarakand 9/6-9
  8. urmila, daau.balakrishn sharma ‘navin’, tritiy sarg, pri 327
  9. saket, sarg 8 pri. 223
  10. vaidehi vanavas, pncham sarg, ayodhya sinh upadhyay hariaudh
  11. langal padvati (hal ke phal se khet men bani huee rekha
  12. valmiki ramayan, ayodhya kand, 118.26-118
  13. valmiki ramayan, bal kand, 66.12-26 67.1-27, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 76, 77 (snpoorn
  14. valmiki ramayan, yuddh kand, 81.84
  15. valmiki ramayan, yuddh kand, 118-121
  16. valmiki ramayan, uttar kand, 45-49.
  17. valmiki ramayan uttar kand, 93-97
  18. brahmavaivart puran, 154.
  19. pum charit, 26.-, 28.-, 45-46.-, 92-95.-, 97.–
  20. pum charit, 44-45.–
  21. pum charit, 101.21-63, 102-103

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