महादेव  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shiv
Shiva
  • mahadev kalyanakari hone ke karan shiv kahalate hain tatha
  • roo (du:kh) ka nam karane ke karan rudr nam se abhihit hain. ve prasann bhi shighr hote hain aur rusht bhi. ek bar shiv daksh par kupit ho gaye the. unhonne vidhi-vidhan se kiye jane vale ygy ko tatha prakriti ke samast mool tattvon ko nasht kar dala. poosha [1] par akraman kiya. vah purodash (yav, tndul) kha raha tha. shiv ne usake samast dant tod dalen. devataon adi ne bhayabhit hokar shiv ki sharan grahan ki, tab ygy poorn ho paya.
  • poorvakal men tin asuron ne akash men tin nagaron ka nirman kiya:
  1. lohe ka- vidyunmali ke adhikar men,
  2. chandi ka- tarakaksh ke adhikar men tatha
  3. sone ka- kamalaksh ke adhikar men tha.
  • indr anek prayatnon ke uparant bhi un par vijay prapt n kar paya, to usane shiv ki sharan grahan ki. shiv ne gndhamadan aur vindhyachal ko rath ki parshvavarti do dhvajaon ke roop men grahan kiya. prithvi ko rath, shesh ko rath ka dhura, chndr-soory ko pahiye, elapatr ke putr aur pushpadnt ko jue ki kilen banaya, malayajal ko yoop, takshak ko jua bandhane ki rassi, vedon ko ghode tatha upavedon ko lagam aur gayatri tatha savitri ko pragrah bana liya. taduparant onkar ko chabuk, brahma ko sarathi, mndarachal ko gandiv, vasuki nag ko pratyncha, vishnu ko uttam ban, agni ko ban ka phal, vayu ko usake pnkh tatha vaivasvat yam ko usaki poonchh banakar merooparvat ko pradhan dhvaja ka sthan diya. is prakar ghamasan yuddh ke lie katibaddh ho shiv ne tripur par akraman kar unhen vidirn kar dala. usi samay parvati ek panch shikha vale balak ko god men lekar devataon ke sammukh ayin aur poochhane lagin ki kya ve log us balak ko pahachanate hain? indr ne balak par vajr se prahar karana chaha, par hnsakar shiv ne unaki bhuja stnbhit kar di. indr sahit samast devata brahma ke pas pahunche. brahma ne bataya ki parvati ko prasann karane ke nimitt bal roop men shiv hi the. ve ek hokar bhi anek roopadhari hain. unaki aradhana karane se indr ki banh poorvavat thik ho payi. shiv ka vyaktitv vishal hai, anek ayamon se dekhakar unake anek nam rakhe gaye hain:
  1. maheshvar- mahabhooton ke eeshvar hone ke karan tatha soonpoorn lokon ki mahima se yukt.
  2. badavamukh- samudr men sthit mukh jalamay havishy ka pan karata hai.
  3. annt rudr- yajurved men shataroopriy namak stuti hai.
  4. vibhu aur prabhu- vishv vyapak hone ke karan.
  5. pashupati- sarpapashuon ka palan karane ke karan.
  6. bahuroop- anek roop hone ke karan.
  7. sarvavishvaroop- sab lokon men samavisht hain.
  8. dhoorjati- dhoomravarn hain.
  9. trynbak- akash, jal, prithvi tinon anbasvaroopa deviyon ko apanate hain.
  10. shiv- kalyanakari, samriddhi denevale hain.
  11. mahadev- mahanh vishv ka palan karate hain.
  12. sthanu- lingamay sharir sadaiv sthir rahata hai.
  13. vyomakesh- soory-chndrama ki kiranen jo ki akash men prakashit hoti hain, unake kesh mane gaye hain.
  14. bhootabhavyabhavodbhay- tinon kalon men jagath ka vistar karanevale hain.
  15. vrishakapi- kapi arthat shreshth, vrish dharm ka nam hai.
  16. har- sab devataon ko kaboo men karake unaka aishvary haranevale.
  17. trinetr- apane lalat par balapoorvak tisara netr utpann kiya tha.
  18. rudr- raudr bhav ke karan.
  19. som- jngha se oopar ka bhag somamay hai. vah devataon ke kam ata hai aur agni- jngha ke niche ka bhag agnivath hai. manushy-lok men agni athava 'ghor' sharir ka upayog hota hai.
  20. shriknth- shiv ki shri prapt karane ki ichchha se indr ne vajr ka prahar kiya tha. vajr shiv ne knth ko dagdh kar gaya tha, at: ve shriknth kahalate hain. [2]
bhagavan shiv ke any nam
sarvgy marajith rudr shambhoo eesh pashupati shoolin maheshvar
bhagavath eeshan shnkar chandrashekhar sharv bhootesh pinakinh khandaparashu
mrid mrityunjay krittivasas girish pramathadhip ugr kapardinh shrikanth
shitakinth kapalabhrit vamadev (shiv) mahadev viroopaksh trilochan krishanuretash dhoorjati
nilalohit har smarahar bharg tryambak tripurantak gngadhar andhakaripu
kratudhvnsin vrishadhvaj vyomakesh bhav bhim sthanu umapati girish
yatinath


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. soory, barah adityon men se ek
  2. mahabharat, dronaparv, 202. danadharmaparv, 141 . 8

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