राधा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg radha ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- radha (bahuvikalpi)
snkshipt parichay
radha
radha
any nam radhe, radhika
avatar mahalakshmi devi
pita vrishabhanu
mata kirti
janm vivaran radhaji ka janm yamuna ke nikat sthit raval gram men bhadrapad mas men shukl paksh ki ashtami ko mana jata hai.
dharm-snpraday hindoo dharm
vivah radha ke pati ka nam brahm vaivart puran ke anusar 'rayan' tha. any nam 'rapan' aur 'ayanaghosh' bhi milate hain.
any janakari 'radha' krishn ki vikhyat pranasakhi, upasika thin. radha-krishn shashvat prem ka pratik hain. padm puran ne ise vrishabhanu raja ki kanya bataya hai. yah raja jab ygy ki bhoomi saf kar raha tha, ise bhoomi kanya ke roop men radha mili. yah bhi katha milati hai ki vishnu ne krishn avatar lete samay apane parivar ke sabhi devataon se prithvi par avatar lene ke lie kaha. tabhi radha bhi jo chaturbhuj vishnu ki ardhangini aur lakshmi ke roop men baikunth lok men nivas karati thin, radha banakar prithvi par aee.

radha krishn ki vikhyat pranasakhi, upasika aur vrishabhanu namak gop ki putri thi. radha-krishn shashvat prem ka pratik hain. radha ki mata kirti ke lie 'vrishabhanu patni' shabd ka prayog kiya jata hai. padm puran ne ise vrishabhanu raja ki kanya bataya hai. yah raja jab ygy ki bhoomi saf kar raha tha, ise bhoomi kanya ke roop men radha mili. raja ne apani kanya manakar isaka palan-poshan kiya. yah bhi katha milati hai ki vishnu ne krishn avatar lete samay apane parivar ke sabhi devataon se prithvi par avatar lene ke lie kaha. tabhi radha bhi jo chaturbhuj vishnu ki ardhangini aur lakshmi ke roop men baikunth lok men nivas karati thin, radha banakar prithvi par aee.

shrikrishn ki upasika

radha ko krishn ki premika aur kahin-kahin patni ke roop men mana jata hain. brahm vaivart puran ke anusar radha krishn ki sakhi thi aur usaka vivah rapan athava rayan namak vyakti ke sath hua tha. anyatr radha aur krishn ke vivah ka bhi ullekh milata hai. kahate hain, radha apane janm ke samay hi vayask ho gee thi.

radha-krishn

braj men radha ka mahattv

braj men radha ka mahattv sarvopari hai. radha ke lie vibhinn ullekh milate hain. radha ke pati ka nam brahm vaivart puran ke anusar rayan tha any nam rapan aur ayanaghosh bhi milate hain. kuchh vidvanon ke anusar krishn ki aradhika ka hi roop radha hai. aradhika shabd men se a hata dene se radhika banata hai. radhaji ka janm yamuna ke nikat sthit raval gram men hua tha. yahan radha ka mndir bhi hai. radharani ka vishv prasiddh mndir barasana gram ki pahadi par sthit hai. yahan ki latthamar holi sari duniya men mashahoor hai. yah ashchary ki bat hai ki radha-krishn ki itani abhinnata hote hue bhi mahabharat ya bhagavat puran men radha ka namollekh nahin milata, yadyapi krishn ki ek priy sakhi ka snket avashy hai. radha ne shrikrishn ke prem ke lie samajik bndhanon ka ullnghan kiya. krishn ki anupasthiti men usake prem-bhav men aur bhi vriddhi huee. donon ka punarmilan kurukshetr men bataya jata hai jahan sooryagrahan ke avasar par dvarika se krishn aur vrindavan se nnd, radha adi ge the. radha-krishn ki bhakti ka kalantar men nirntar vistar hota gaya. nimbark snpraday, vallabh-sampraday, radhavallabh snpraday, sakhibhav snpraday adi ne ise aur bhi pusht kiya.

radha-krishn snbndhi prachalit kathaen

radha-krishn ka vivah

mana jata hai ki radha aur krishn ka vivah karane men brahma ji ka bada yogadan tha. bhagavan brahma ne jab shrikrishn ko sari baten yad dilaeen to unhen sab kuchh yad a gaya. isake bad brahma ji ne apane hathon se shadi ke lie vedi ko sajaya. garg snhita ke mutabik vivah se pahale unhonne shrikrishn aur radha se sat mntr padhavae. bhandiravan men vedinuma vahi ped hai jisake niche, jahan par baithakar radha aur krishn ne shadi huee thi. donon ki shadi karane ke bad bhagavan brahma apane lok ko laut ge. lekin is van men radha aur krishn apane prem men doob ge. darasal garg snhita ke mutabik bhagavan shrikrishn hi is jagath ke adhar hain. mana jata hai ki jis tarah se shiv ki shakti parvati hai, usi tarah se bhagavan krishn ki shakti radha hai.[1]
radha-krishn, chitrakar raja ravi varma

is bich ek badi hi anokhi ghatana ghatati hai. achanak tej havaen chalane lagati hain. bijali kaundhane lagati hai. dekhate hi dekhate charon or andhera chha jata hai. aur isi andhere men ek bahut hi divy roshani akash marg se niche ati hai. nnd ji samajh jate hain ki ye koee aur nahin khud radha devi hain jo krishn ke lie is van men aee hain. vo jhukakar unhen pranam karate hain. aur balak krishn ko unaki god men dete hue kahate hain ki he devi! main itana bhagyashali hoon ki bhagavan krishn meri god men hain aur apaka main sakshath‌ darshan kar raha hoon. bhagavan krishn ko radha ke havale karake nnd ji ghar vapas ate hain tab tak toophan tham jata hai. andhera divy prakash men badal jata hai aur isake sath hi bhagavan bhi apane balak roop ka tyag kar ke kishor ban jate hain. bhandiravan ke pas hi ek vnshi van hai jahan bhagavan krishn aksar vnshi bajane jaya karate the. kaha jata hai ki hazaron sal purana vnshi van aj bhi maujood hai sath hi vo vriksh bhi maujood hai jisapar krishn bhagavan bansuri bajae karate the. kaha to itana jata hai ki aj bhi agar us vriksh men kan lagakar sunenge to apako bansuri aur tabale ki avaz sunaee deti hai. radha se shadi ke bad bhagavan krishn kafi dinon tak is van men rahe. lekin ek din unhen achanak nnd ganv ki yad a gee. vivah ke bad kafi dinon tak bhagavan shrikrishn radha ke sath in vanon men ras rachate rahe. lekin ek din unhen nnd ganv ki yad aee aur vo radha ki god men vaise hi balak ban ge jaise radha ko nnd ji ne diya tha. is ghatana ke bad to radha rone lagi. isake bad ek akashavani huee. "he radha! is vakt shok mat karo. ab tumhara manorath kuchh vakt ke bad poora hoga." radha samajh gee ki bhagavan ab apane us kam ke lie age badh rahe hain jisake lie unhonne avatar liya hai. isake bad radha bhagavan shrikrishn ke balak rup ko god men lekar nndaganv gee aur nnd ke hathon bal gopal ko samarpit kar diya.[2]

radha ji ka mndir, barasana

shrikrishn ke pranon ki adhishthatri devi

radhaji bhagavan shri krishn ki param priya hain tatha unaki abhinn moorti bhi. shrimadh‌bhagavat men kaha gaya hai ki shri radha ji ki pooja nahin ki jae to manushy shrikrishn ki pooja ka aghikar bhi nahin rakhata. radha ji bhagavan shrikrishn ke pranon ki adhishthatri devi hain, at: bhagavan inake adhin rahate hain. radhaji ka ek nam krishnavallabha bhi hai kyonki ve shrikrishn ko anand pradan karane vali hain. mata yashoda ne ek bar radhaji se unake nam ki vyutpatti ke vishay men poochha. radhaji ne unhen bataya ki 'ra' to mahavishnu hain aur 'dha' vishv ke praniyon aur lokon men matrivachak dhay hain. at: poorvakal men shri hari ne unaka nam radha rakha. bhagavan shrikrishn do roopon men prakat hain—dvibhuj aur chaturbhuj. chaturbhuj roop men ve baikunth men devi lakshmi, sarasvati, gnga aur tulasi ke sath vas karate hain parantu dvibhuj roop men ve gaulok gham men radhaji ke sath vas karate hain. radha-krishn ka prem itana gahara tha ki ek ko kasht hota to usaki pida doosare ko anubhav hoti. sooryoparag ke samay shrikrishn, rukmini adi raniyan vrindavanavasi adi sabhi kurukshetr men upasthit hue. rukmini ji ne radha ji ka svagat satkar kiya. jab rukminiji shrikrishn ke pair daba rahi thin to unhonne dekha ki shrikrishn ke pairon men chhale hain. bahut anunay-vinay ke bad shrikrishn ne bataya ki unake charan-kamal radhaji ke hriday men virajate hain. rukminiji ne radha ji ko pine ke lie adhik garm doodh de diya tha jisake karan shrikrishn ke pairon men phaphole pad ge.
radha-krishn ek abhinn bhag

radha ji shrikrishn ka abhinn bhag hain. is tathy ko is katha se samajha ja sakata hai ki vrindavan men shrikrishn ko jab divy annd ki anubhooti huee tab vah divyannd hi sakar hokar balika ke roop men prakat hua aur shrikrishn ki yah pranashakti hi radha ji hain. radha janmashtami ke din vrat rakhakar mandir men yathavidhi radha ji ki pooja karani chahie tatha shri radha mntr ka jap karana chahie. radha ji lakshmi ka hi svaroop hain at: inaki pooja se dhan-dhany v vaibhav prapt hota hai. radha ji ka nam krishn se bhi pahale liya jata hai. radha nam ke jap se shrikrishn prasann hote hain aur bhakton par daya karate hain. radhaji ka shrikrishn ke lie prem ni:svarth tha tatha usake lie ve kisi bhi tarah ka tyag karane ko taiyar thin. ek bar shrikrishn ne bimar hone ka svang racha. sabhi vaidy evn hakim unake upachar men lage rahe parantu shrikrishn ki bimari thik nahin huee. vaidyon ke dvara poochhe jane par shrikrishn ne uttar diya ki mere param priy ki charan dhooli hi meri bimari ko thik kar sakati hai. rukmini adi raniyon ne apane priy ko charan dhooli dekar pap ka bhagi banane se inakar kar diya antat: radha ji ko yah bat kahi gee to unhonne yah kahakar apani charan dhooli di ki bhale hi mujhe 100 narakon ka pap bhogana pade to bhi main apane priy ke svasthy labh ke lie charan dhooli avashy doongi. krishn ji ka radha se itana prem tha ki kamal ke phool men radha ji ki chhavi ki kalpana matr se vo moorchhit ho gaye tabhi to vidvavat janon ne kaha-

radha too badabhagini, kaun puny tum kin.
tin lok taran taran so tore adhin..[3]


vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. brahma ne karaee radha-krishn ki shadi (hindi) aeebien khabar. abhigaman tithi: 13 sitambar, 2013.
  2. krishn ko yad aya nnd ganv (hindi) aeebien khabar. abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2013.
  3. radha too badabhagini (hindi) khas khabar alekh. abhigaman tithi: 21 sitambar, 2013.

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