द्रौपदी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

snkshipt parichay
draupadi
Draupadi.jpg
any nam krishna, panchali
avatar shachi (indrani) ka anshavatar
pita drupad
janm vivaran drupad ne dronachary se pratishodh lene ke lie ygy kiya tha aur us ygy se unhen putr dhrishtadyumn aur putri krishna ki prapti huee.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
parijan bhaee dhrishtadyumn, pita drupad
vivah draupadi ka vivah panchon pandav se hua tha. jinake nam is prakar hai- yudhishthir, bhim, arjun, nakul, sahadev
sntan draupadi ko yuvaraj yudhishthir se prativindhy, bhimasen se sutasom, arjun se shrutakirti, nakul se shatanik aur sahadev se shrutavarma namak putr the.
mahajanapad panchal ki rajakumari aur hastinapur ki rani.
shasan-rajy kuru
sndarbh grnth mahabharat
prasiddh ghatanaen 1.dushasan ne draupadi ko kesh pakadakar khincha tha. usake bad draupadi ne apane kesh sadaiv khule rakhe, aur usake kesh hi mahabharat ka karan bane.
2.draupadi balyavastha se hi krishn se vivah karana chahati thi kintu inaka vivah arjun se hua tha.
mrityu svarg jate samay draupadi ki mrityu marg men sabase pahale huee.
yashakirti draupadi ne apane panchon putron ke hatyare ashvatthama ko kshama kiya tha.
apakirti draupadi apane panchon patiyon men se sabase adhik prem arjun se karati thin isalie vah sasharir svarg na ja saki. unaki mrityu svarg jate samay ho gee thi.
snbndhit lekh mahabharat
  • draupadi ka janm maharaj drupad ke yahan ygykund se hua tha. atah yah ‘ygyseni’ bhi kahalaee. draupadi ka vivah panchon pandav se hua tha.
  • draupadi poorvajanm men kisi rishi ki kanya thi. usane pati pane ki kamana se tapasya ki. shnkar ne prasann hokar use var dene ki ichchha ki. usane shnkar se panch bar kaha ki vah sarvagunasnpann pati chahati hai. shnkar ne kaha ki agale janm men usake panch bharatavnshi pati honge, kyonki usane pati pane ki kamana panch bar doharayi thi. [1]
  • guru dron se parajit hone ke uparant maharaj drupad atyant lajjit huye aur unhen kisi prakar se nicha dikhane ka upay sochane lage. isi chinta men ek bar ve ghoomate huye kalyani nagari ke brahmanon ki basti men ja pahunche. vahan unaki bhent 'yaj' tatha 'upayaj' namak mahanh karmakandi brahman bhaiyon se huee. raja drupad ne unaki seva karake unhen prasann kar liya evn unase dronachary ko marane ka upay poochha. unake poochhane par bade bhaee yaj ne kaha, "isake liye ap ek vishal ygy ka ayojan karake agnidev ko prasann kijiye, jisase ki ve apako mahanh balashali putr ka varadan de denge." maharaj ne yaj aur upayaj se unake kahe anusar ygy karavaya. unake ygy se prasann hokar agnidev ne unhen ek aisa putr diya, jo sampoorn ayudh evn kavach kundal se yukt tha tatha prakat hote hi rath par chadh gaya, jaise yuddh ke lie udyat ho. usaka nam 'dhrishtadyumn' rakha gaya. usi samay akash men adrishy mahabhoot ne kaha- 'yah balak dronachary ka vadh karega.' taduparant vedi se draupadi namak sundar kanya ka pradurbhav hua, jisake netr khile huye kamal ke saman dedipyaman the, bhauhen chandrama ke saman vakr thin tatha usaka varn shyamal tha. usake utpann hote hi ek akashavani huee ki is balika ka janm kshatriyon ke snhar aur kauravon ke vinash ke hetu hua hai. balika ka nam 'krishna' rakha gaya. age chalakar dronachary ne hi dhrishtadyumn ko astravidya ki shiksha di.

draupadi ka svaynvar

kunti tatha pandavon ne draupadi ke svaynvar ke vishay men suna to ve log bhi sammilit hone ke lie dhaumy ko apana purohit banakar panchal desh pahunche. kauravon se chhupane ke lie unhonne brahman vesh dharan kar rakha tha tatha ek kumhar ki kutiya men rahane lage. raja drupad draupadi ka vivah arjun ke sath karana chahate the. lakshagrih ki ghatana sunane ke bad bhi unhen yah vishvas nahin hota tha ki pandavon ka nidhan ho gaya hai, at: draupadi ke svaynvar ke lie unhonne yah shart rakhi ki nirntar ghoomate hue yntr ke chhidr men se jo bhi vir nishchit dhanush ki pratyncha par chadhakar diye gaye panch banon se, chhidr ke oopar lage, lakshy ko bhed dega, usi ke sath draupadi ka vivah kar diya jayega. brahmanavesh men pandav bhi svaynvar-sthal par pahunche. kaurav adi anek raja tatha rajakumar to dhanush ki pratyncha ke dhakke se bhoomisat ho gaye. karn ne dhanush par ban chadha to liya kintu draupadi ne soot-putr se vivah karana nahin chaha, at: lakshy bhedane ka prashn hi nahin utha. arjun ne chhadmavesh men pahunchakar lakshy bhed diya tatha draupadi ko prapt kar liya. krishn use dekhate hi pahachan gaye. shesh upasthit vyaktiyon men yah vivad ka vishay ban gaya ki brahman ko kanya kyon di gayi hai. arjun tatha bhim ke ran-kaushal tatha krishn ki niti se shanti sthapit huee tatha arjun aur bhim draupadi ko lekar dere par pahunche. unake yah kahane par ki ve log bhiksha laye hain, unhen bina dekhe hi kunti ne kutiya ke andar se kaha ki sabhi milakar use grahan karo. putravadhoo ko dekhakar apane vachanon ko saty rakhane ke lie kunti ne panchon pandavon ko draupadi se vivah karane ke lie kaha. draupadi ka bhaee dhrishtadyumn un logon ke pichhe-pichhe chhupakar aya tha. vah yah to nahin jan paya ki ve sab kaun hain, par sthan ka pata chalakar pita ki prerana se usane un sabako apane ghar par bhojan ke lie amantrit kiya. drupad ko yah janakar ki ve pandav hain, bahut prasannata huee, kintu yah sunakar vichitr laga ki ve panchon draupadi se vivah karane ke lie udyat hain. tabhi vyas muni ne achanak prakat hokar ekant men drupad ko un chhahon ke poorvajanm ki katha sunayi ki-

  • ek var rudr ne panch indron ko unake durabhiman svaroop yah shap diya tha ki ve manav-roop dharan karenge. unake pita kramash: dharm, vayu, indr tatha ashvinikumar (dvay) honge. bhoolok par unaka vivah svargalok ki lakshmi ke manavi roop se hoga. vah manavi draupadi hai tatha ve panchon indr pandav hain. vyas muni ke vyavastha dene par draupadi ka vivah kramash: panchon pandavon se kar diya gaya. vyas ne unake poorv roop dekhane ke lie drupad ko divy drishti bhi pradan ki thin drupad ke diye tatha krishn ke bheje vibhinn upaharon ko grahan kar ve log drupad ki nagari men hi vihar karane lage.
  • draupadi ne panch pandavon se panch putron ki prapti ki. unake putron ka nam kramash:
  1. prativindhy (yudhi0),
  2. shrutasom (bhim0),
  3. shrutakarma (arjun),
  4. shatanik (nakul),
  5. shrutasen (sahadev) rakhe gaye [2].
  • yuddh ki samapti par jab pandav, draupadi, shrikrishn, satyaki adi shivir men n thaharakar odhavati nadi ke tat par rat bitakar uthe to unhen ashvatthama ke kiye panchal-snhar ka samachar mila. draupadi apane mayake ke samast nate-rishton ke nasht hone ke vishay men sunakar bahut dukhi huee tatha usane amaran anashan arnbh kar diya. usane kaha ki ashvatthama ke mastak men usake janm ke sath utpann huee ek mani hai. yadi mujhe mani nahin di jayegi to main bhojan nahin karoongi aur pran tyag doongi. mani milane par main use dekh loongi. bhimasen atynt aveg men ashvatthama ko marane ke lie chal pade. shrikrishn yah janate the ki ashvatthama ko dron ne brahmastr ka upadesh rakha hai. yadyapi unhonne arjun ko poorn roopen brahmastr pradan kiya tha. poorvakal men ashvatthama ne svayn krishn ko yah bataya tha aur yah bhi kaha tha ki ve apana sudarshan chakr use de den to vah brahmastr unhen pradan kar dega. shrikrishn ne muskarakar use kaha ki vah krishn ka koee bhi astr grahan kar le. ashvatthama anek prayatnon ke uparant bhi sudarshan chakr ko nahin utha paya- lajjit hokar laut gaya tha. at: arjun aur yudhishthir ko lekar ve bhi bhim ke pichhe ashvatthama ke pas pahunche. ashvatthama ne pandavon ko nasht karane ke lie ek tinake men brahmastr ka avahan kiya. vah tinaka bhayanak roop se prajvalit ho utha. arjun ne ashvatthama ki mngalakamana ke sath usake brahmastr ko nasht karane ke lie brahmastr ka prayog kiya. isase poorv ki donon astr ek-doosare ko nasht kar bhayanak visphot karate, narad tatha vyas ne prakat hokar donon viron ko shant hone ka adesh diya kyonki manushy par usaka prayog varjit hai. arjun apane astr ko lautane men samarth the, at: unhonne lauta liya kintu ashvatthama ne hath jodakar kaha ki ve lautane ki shakti se snpann nahin hain. vyas tatha narad ne donon ke astr chhodane ke uddeshyon par prakash dalate hue ashvatthama se kaha ki ve astr ka parihar karen. ashvatthama atynt lajjit hokar bole ki ve isamen asamarth hain, kyonki pandavon par n chhootakar yah astr pandavon ke garbhasth shishuon ka nash karega. vyas ki agya ka palan karate hue ashvatthama ne apane mastishk ki mani bhi pandavon ko arpit kar di. vah samast rajy se adhik moolyavan tatha shastr, kshudha, devata, danav, nag, vyadhi, adi se raksha karane vali thi. shrikrishn ne pun: kaha ki virat ki kanya aur arjun ki putravadhoo ko (jab vah upalavy nagar men rahati thi) ek brahman ne varadan diya tha ki kaurav vnsh ke kshin hone ke uparant vah parikshit namak shishu ko janm degi. vah vachan to saty hoga hi. ashvatthama is par kruddh hokar bola-'mera brahmastr sabhi garbhasth shishuon ko mar dalega.' shrikrishn ne kaha-'thik hai, vah mrit utpann hokar lnbi ayu upalabdh karega tatha tere dekhate-dekhate hi vah bhoomndal ka samrat hoga. us mrit balak ko main jivanadan doonga. aur too? too rogon se pidit hokar idhar-udhar bhatakega.' vyas, narad, ashvatthama ko sath lekar ve sab draupadi ke pas pahunche. bhim ne use mani dekar kaha- 'tumhara du:kh svabhavik hai, par jab-jab shanti aur sndhi ki bat uthi, tumane apane vigat apaman ki yad dilakar sabakon yuddh ke lie utsahit kiya. ab tumhen ve sab baten yad karani chahie.' draupadi ne kaha-'main apane putron ke vadh ka pratishodh lena chahati thi. guru-putr to mere lie bhi guru hi hain.' draupadi ke kahane se yudhishthir ne vah mani apane mastak par dharan kar li [3].
  • vastav men draupadi sakshat shachi thi aur pandav indr ke hi panch roop the. poorvakal men indr ke hathon tvashta ke putr vishvaroop ka hanan ho gaya tha. brahmahatya ke karan indr ka tez dharmaraj men pravisht ho gaya. tvashta ne kruddh hokar apani ek jata ukhadakar hom ki. phalat: homakund se vritr ka avirbhav hua. use apane vadh ke lie udyat dekh indr ne saptarshiyon se prarthana ki. unhonne kuchh sharton par un donon ka samajhauta karava diya. indr ne shart ka ullnghan kar vritr ko mar dala, at: indr ke sharir se nikalakar 'bal' ne vayu men pravesh kiya. indr ne gotam ka roop dharan kar ahilya ke satitv ka nash kiya, at: usaka roop use chhod ashvinikumaron men sama gaya. prithvi ka bhar halka karane ke lie jab sab devata prithvi par avatar lene lage, tab dharm ne indr ka tez kunti ke garbh men pratishthit kiya, at: yudhishthir ka janm hua. isi prakar vayu ne indr ka bal kunti ke garbh men pratishthat kiya to bhim ka janm hua. indr ke adhe ansh se arjun tatha ashvinikumaron ke dvara madri ke garbh men indr ke hi 'roop' ki pratishtha ke phalasvaroop nakul aur sahadev ka janm hua. is prakar pandav indr ke roop the tatha krishna shachi ka hi doosara roop thi [4].


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay 166, 168 .
  2. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay 182 se 198 tak
  3. mahabharat, adiparv, sauptikaparv, 11 se 16 tak, adhyay 220, shlok 78 s 89 tak
  4. markandey puran, 4-5

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah