भंगास्वन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bhngasvan ka ullekh hindoo pauranik mahakavy 'mahabharat' men hua hai, jisake anusar yah ek raja ka nam tha, jisane putr ki kamana se 'agnishtut ygy' kiya tha; kintu bhngasvan ne ygy men devaraj indr ko amntrit nahin kiya, jis karan indr ke virodh ke phalasvaroop vah stri ho gaya.

indr ka dvesh

bhngasvan putrahin hone ke karan putr-prapti ke liy ygy karate the. un mahabali rajarshi ne agnishh‍tut namak ygy ka ayojan kiya tha. usamen indr ki pradhanata n hone ke karan indr us ygy men dvesh rakhate hain. vah ygy manushh‍yon ke prayashchit ke avasar par athava putr ki kamana hone par abhishh‍t manakar kiya jata hai. devaraj indr ko jab us ygy ki bat maloom huee, tab ve man ko vash men rakhane vale rajarshi bhngash‍van ka chhidr dhoondhane lage. bahut dhoondhane par bhi ve us mahamana naresh ka koee chhidr n dekh sake.

bhngasvan ko stri bhav ki prapti

kuchh kal ke ananh‍tar raja bhngash‍van shikar khelane ke liye van men gaye. "yahi badala lene ka avasar hai", aisa nishh‍chay karake indr ne raja ko moh men dal diya. indr dvara mohit evn bhranh‍t hue rajarshi bhngash‍van ekamatr ghode ke sath idhar-udhar bhatakane lage. unh‍hen dishaon ka bhi pata nahin chalata tha. ve bhookh-ph‍yas se pidit tatha parishram aur trishh‍na se vikal ho idhar-udhar ghoomate rahe. ghoomate-ghoomate unh‍honne uth‍tam jal se bhara hua ek sunh‍dar sarovar dekha. unh‍honne ghode ko us sarovar men sh‍nan karakar pani pilaya. jab ghoda pani pi chuka, tab use ek vriksh men bandhakar ve shreshh‍th naresh sh‍vayn bhi jal se utare. usamen sh‍nan karate hi ve raja sh‍tri bhav ko praph‍t ho gaye. apane ko sh‍tri roop men dekhakar raja ko badi lajh‍ja huee. unake sare anh‍t: karan men bhari chinh‍ta vh‍yaph‍t ho gayi. unaki indriyan aur chetana vh‍yakul ho uthin.

ve sh‍tri roop men is prakar sochane lage- "ab main kaise ghode par chadhoongi? mere agnishh‍tut ygy ke anushh‍than se mujhe sau mahabalavan auras putr praph‍t hue hain. un sabase kh‍ya kahoongi? apani striyon tatha nagar aur janapad ke logon men kaise jaoongi? dharm ke tath‍von ko dekhane aur janane vale rishiyon ne mriduta, kushalata aur vh‍yakulata– ye sh‍tri ke gun bataye hain. parishram karane men kathorata aur bal parakram– ye purush ke gun hain. mera pauroosh nashh‍t ho gaya aur kisi agyat karan se mujh men sh‍trith‍v prakat ho gaya. ab sh‍tribhav a jane se us ashh‍v par kaise chadh sakoongi?" kisi tarah prayath‍n karake ve sh‍triroop dhari naresh ghode par chadhakar apane nagar men aye. raja ke putr, striyan, sevak tatha nagar aur janapad ke log, "yah kh‍ya hua?" aisi jigyasa karate hue bade ashh‍chary men pad gaye. tab sh‍triroopadhari, vakh‍taon men shreshh‍th rajarshi bhngash‍van bole– "main apani sena men ghirakar shikar khelan ke lie nikala tha, parntu daiv prerana se bhranh‍tachit hokar ek bhayanak van men ja ghusa. us ghor van men ph‍yas se pidit evn achet-sa hokar mainne ek sarovar dekha, jo pakshiyon se ghira hua aur manohar shobha se samh‍panh‍n tha. us sarovar men utarakar sh‍nan karate hi daiv ne mujhe stri bana diya." apani striyon or mntriyon ke nam-gotr batakar un sh‍triroopadhari shreshh‍th naresh ne apane putron se kaha– "putron! tum log apas men premapoorvak rahakar rajh‍y ka upabhog karo. ab main van ko chala jaunga."[1]

indr dvara bhngasvan putron men phoot

apane sau putron se aisa kahakar raja van ko chale gaye. vah sh‍tri kisi ashram men jakar ek tapas ke ashray men rahane lagi. us tapasvi se ashram men usake sau putr hue. tab vah rani apane un putron ko lekar pahale vale putron ke pas gayi aur unase is prakar boli– "putron! mainne stri roop se in putron ko janm diya hai, tum sab log ekatr hokar sath-sath bhratribhav se is rajh‍y ka upabhog karo." tab ve sab bhaee ek sath hokar us rajh‍y ka upabhog karane lage. un sabako bhratribhav se ek sath rahakar us uth‍tam rajh‍y ka upabhog karate dekh krodh men bhare hue devaraj indr ne socha ki- "mainne to is rajarshi ka upakar hi kar diya, apakar to kuchh kiya hi nahin." tab devaraj indr ne brahman ka roop dharan karake us nagar men jakar un rajakumaron men phoot dal di. ve bole– "rajakumaro! jo ek pita ke putr hain, aise bhaiyon men bhi pray: uth‍tam bhratriprem nahin rahata. devata aur asur donon hi kashyap ke putr hain tathapi rajh‍y ke liye parash‍par vivad karate rahate hain. tum log to bhngash‍van ke putr ho aur doosare sau bhaee ek tapas ke ladake hain. phir tumamen prem kaise rah sakata hai? tum logon ka jo paitrik rajh‍y hai, use tapas ke ladake akar bhog rahe hain." is prakar indr ke dvara phoot dalane par ve apas men lad pade. unh‍honne yuddh men ek-doosare ko mar giraya.

apane putron ke mare jane ka samachar sunakar tapasi ko bada du:kh hua. vah phoot-phootakar rone lagi. us samay brahman ka vesh dharan karake indr usake pas aye aur poochhane lage– "sumukhi! tum kisi du:kh se sntaph‍t hokar ro rahi ho?" us brahman ko dekhakar vah sh‍tri karoon sh‍var men boli- "brahan! mere do sau putr kal ke dvara mare gaye. vipravar! main pahale raja tha. tab mere sau putr hue the. dvij shreshh‍th! ve sabhi mere anuroop the. ek din main shikar khelane ke liye gahan van men gaya aur vahan akaran bhramit-sa hokar idhar-udhar bhatakane laga. ‘brahmanashiromane! vahan ek sarovar men sh‍nan karate hi main purush se sh‍tri ho gaya aur putron ko rajh‍y par bithakar van men chala aya. sh‍tri roop men ane par mahamana tap se is ashram men mujhase sau putr uth‍panh‍n kiye. brahman! main un sab putron ko nagar men le gayi aur unh‍hen bhi rajh‍y par pratishthit karaya. vipravar! kal ki prerana se un sab putron men vair uth‍panh‍n ho gaya aur ve apas men hi lad-bhidakar nashh‍t ho gaye. is prakar daiv ki mari huee main shok men doob rahi hoon."

bhngasvan ko indr ka varadan

indr ne use du:khi dekh kathor vani men kaha- "bhadre! jab pahale tum raja thin, tab tumane bhi mujhe du:sah du:kh diya tha.[2] tumane us ygy ka anushh‍than kiya, jisaka mujhase vair hai. mera avahan n karane par bhi tumane vah ygy poora kar liya. khoti buddhi vali sh‍tri! main vahi indr hoon aur tumase mainne hi apane vair ka badala liya hai." indr ko dekhakar ve sh‍triroopadhari rajarshi unake charanon men sir rakhakar bole- "surashreshh‍th! ap prasanh‍n hon. mainne putr ki ichh‍chha se vah ygy kiya tha. deveshh‍var! usake liye ap mujhe kshama karen." unake is prakar pranam karane par indr sntushh‍t ho gaye aur var dene ke liye udyat hokar bole- "rajan! tumh‍haren kaun-se putr jivit ho jayen? tumane sh‍tri hokar jinh‍hen uth‍panh‍n kiya tha ve athava purushavash‍tha men jo tumase uth‍panh‍n hue the ve?" tab tapasi ne indr se hath jodakar kaha- "devenh‍dr! sh‍tri roop ho jane par mujhase jo putr uth‍panh‍n hue hain, ve hi jivit ho jayn." tab indr ne vismit hokar us sh‍tri se poochha- "tumane purush roop se jinh‍hen uth‍panh‍n kiya tha, ve putr tumh‍hare dvesh ke patr kh‍yon ho gaye? tatha sh‍tri roop hokar tumane jinako janh‍m diya hai, un par tumh‍hara adhik sh‍neh kh‍yon hai? main isaka karan sunana chahata hoon. tumh‍hen mujhase yah batana chahiye."

sh‍tri ne kaha- "he indr! sh‍tri ka apane putron par adhik sneh hota hai, vaisa sneh purush ka nahin hota hai. at: he indr! sh‍tri roop men ane par mujhase jinaka janh‍m hua hai, ve hi jivit ho jayn." tapasi ke yon kahane par indr bade prasanh‍n hue aur is prakar bole- "sath‍yavadini! tumh‍hare sabhi putr jivit ho jayen. utam vrat ka palan karane vale rajenh‍dr! tum mujhase apani ichh‍chha ke anusar doosara var bhi mang lo. bolo, phir se purush hona chahate ho ya sh‍tri hi rahane ki ichh‍chha hai? jo chaho vah mujhase le lo." sh‍tri ne kaha- "he indr! main sh‍trith‍v hi varan karati hoon. ab main purush hona nahin chahati." usake aisa kahane par devaraj ne us sh‍tri se poochha- "prabho! tumh‍hen purushath‍v ka th‍yag karake sh‍tri bane rahane ki ichh‍chha kh‍yon hoti hai?" indr ke yon poochhane par un sh‍tri roopadhari nripashreshh‍th ne is prakar uth‍tar diya- "devenh‍dr! sh‍tri ka purush ke sath snyog hone par sh‍tri ko hi purush ki apeksha adhik vishayasukh praph‍t hota hai, isi karan se main sh‍trith‍v ka hi varan karati hoon. devashreshh‍th! sureshh‍var! main sach kahati hoon, sh‍tri roop men mainne adhik rati-sukh ka anubhav kiya hai, at: sh‍tri roop se hi sntushh‍t hoon. ap padhariye."[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat anushasan parv, adhyay 12, shlok 3-22
  2. mahabharat anushasan parv, adhyay 12, shlok 23-39
  3. mahabharat anushasan parv, adhyay 12, shlok 40-54

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