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shravan kumar apane mata-pita ke sath (abhikalpit chitr)

shravan kumar ek pauranik charitr hai. aisa mana jata hai ki shravan kumar ke mata-pita andhe the. shravan kumar atynt shraddhapoorvak unaki seva karate the. ek bar unake mata-pita ki ichchha tirthayatra karane ki huee. shravan kumar ne kanvar banaee aur usamen donon ko baithakar kndhe par uthae hue yatra karane lage. ek din ve ayodhya ke samip van men pahunche. vahan ratri ke samay mata-pita ko pyas lagi. shravan kumar pani ke lie apana tunba lekar sarayoo tat par ge. usi samay maharaj dasharath bhi vahan akhet ke lie ae hue the. shravan kumar ne jab pani men apana tunba duboya, dasharath ne samajha koee hiran jal pi raha hai. unhonne shabdabhedi ban chhod diya. ban shravan kumar ko laga. dasharath ko dukhi dekh marate hue shravan kumar ne kaha- mujhe apani mrityu ka du:kh nahin, kintu mata-pita ke lie bahut du:kh hai. ap unhen jakar meri mrityu ka samachar suna den aur jal pilakar unaki pyas shant karen. dasharath ne dekha ki shravan divy roop dharan kar viman men baith svarg ko ja rahe hain. putr ka agni snskar kar mata-pita ne bhi usi chita men agni samadhi li aur uttam lok ko prapt hue. kaha jata hai ki raja dasharath ne boodhe man-bap se unake bete ko chhina tha. isilie raja dasharath ko bhi putr viyog sahana pada ramachndr ji chaudah sal ke lie vanavas ko ge. raja dasharath yah viyog nahin sah pae. isilie unhonne apane pran tyag die.

ullikhit sndarbh

  • saravan (snskrit: shravan) andhak muni ke putr hain. kahate hain yah apane andhe mata pita ko ek bahngi men bithakar tirth yatra karaya karate the. ramayan ke ayodhyakand men inaki katha ka ullekh hai. shravan apane pyase mata-pita ke pine ke lie jal kisi jalashay se lene gaye the aur ayodhya ke raja dasharath bhi vahan shikar khelane gaye the. dasharath ne samajha ne koee hathi jal pi raha hai aur isi bhram men unhonne shabdabhedi ban chala diya jisase shravan kumar svarg sidhare. putr shokakul andhak muni ne shap diya "ja raja too bhi hamari hi tarah putr viyog men tadap kar pran tyag karega." phalat: shriram ke vanagaman ke pashchath dasharath 'ha ram, ha ram' kahate mare the. 'shravanakumar' natak prasiddh hai jise mahatma gandhi ne bhi dekha tha aur unhen isase mata-pita ki bhakti ki shiksha bhi mili thi.[1]valmiki ramayan men keval 'tapasakumar' milata hai andhak muni ka nam nahin hai.[2]
  • shravan balyakal men shabdabhedi van chalane men naipushy prapt kar lene ke karan raja dasharath ko bahut garv tha. pavas ritu men saynkal ve dhanush- van lekar sarayoo ke kinare gaye. unaka vichar rat ke samay jal pine ke lie ane vale kisi vany pashu ka shikar karane ka tha. achanak pani ki kuchh avaj sunakar unhen laga ki hathi chinghad raha hai. unhonne shikar ke lie shabdabhedi van ka prayog kiya. artanad sunakar unhonne jana ki van kisi manushy ka pranaghatak bana hai. pas jane par unhonne ek tapasvi ko tadapate dekha jisane batalaya ki vah rishi hai jo sansarikata ko tyag kar apane andhe mata-pita ki seva men rat hai tatha unhin ke lie pani lene ke nimitt vahan aya tha. rishi ne dasharath ko batalaya ki vah vaishy pita tatha shoodra mata ka putr tha. usane dasharath se tir nikalane ke lie kaha tatha apane nivasasthan ka marg batalakar mata-pita ke lie pani le jane ke lie kaha. taduparant usane pran tyag diye. marane se poorn usane yah bhi batalaya ki apane anajane pap ki svayn svikriti kar lene par usake mata-pita snbhavat: dasharath ko shap nahin denge. dasharath ashram men usake mata pita ke pas gaye. unhen snpoorn ghatana batalakar par unhonne apana aparadh svikar kar liya. mata pita ki ichchhanusar dasharath unhen ghatanasthal par shav ke pas le gaye. vahan unake vilap karane par indr ke sath unake putr (shravan) ne viman par akar kaha ki ve bhi shighr hi putr ke nikat pahunchenge. shravan ke chale jane ke bad mata pita vilap karane lage tatha unhonne dasharath ko shap diya ki vah bhi unhin ki tarah putr viyog men marenge. unhonne yah bhi kaha ki atm-svikriti ke karan hi vah jivit hain anyatha snpoorn kul samet kabhi ke nasht ho chuke hote. taduparant un donon ne ek chita men pravesh kar pran tyag diye.[3][4]

shravan kumar ki katha

maharaj dasharath ne kaha, "kaushalye! yah mere vivah se poorv ki ghatana hai. ek din sandhya ke samay akasmat main dhanush ban le rath par savar ho shikar ke liye nikal pada. jab main sarayoo ke tat ke sath-sath rath men ja raha tha to mujhe aisa shabd sunaee pada mano vany hathi garaj raha ho. us hathi ko marane ke liye mainne tikshn shabdabhedi ban chhod diya. ban ke lakshy par lagate hi kisi jal men girate hue manushy ke mukh se ye shabd nikale - 'ah, main mara! mujh niraparadh ko kisane mara? he pita! he mata! ab meri mrityu ke pashchath tum logon ki bhi mrityu, jal ke bina pyase hi tadap-tadap kar, ho jayegi. n jane kis papi ne ban mar kar meri aur mere mata-pita ki hatya kar dali.'
"isase mujhe gyat hua ki hathi ki garaj sunana mera bhram tha, vastav men vah shabd jal men doobate huye ghade ka tha.
"un vachanon ko sun kar mere hath kanpane lage aur mere hathon se dhanush bhoomi par gir pada. daudata hua main vahan par pahuncha jahan par vah manushy tha. mainne dekha ki ek vanavasi yuvak raktarnjit pada hai aur pas hi ek aundha ghada jal men pada hai. mujhe dekhakar kruddh svar men vah bola - 'rajan! mera kya aparadh tha jisake liye apane mera vadh karake mujhe dand diya hai? kya mera aparadh yahi hai ki main apane pyase vriddh mata-pita ke liye jal lene aya tha? yadi apake hriday men kinchit matr bhi daya hai to mere pyase mata-pita ko jal pila do jo nikat hi meri pratiksha kar rahe hain. kintu pahale is ban ko mere kaleje se nikalo jisaki pida se main tadap raha hoon. yadyapi main vanavasi hoon kintu phir bhi brahman nahin hoon. mere pita vaishy aur meri mata shoodr hai. isaliye meri mrityu se tumhen brahmahatya ka pap nahin lagega.'
"mere dvara usake hriday se ban khinchate hi usane pran tyag diye. apane is krity se mera hriday pashchatap se bhar utha. ghade men jal bhar kar main usake mata pita ke pas pahuncha. mainne dekha, ve donon atyant durbal aur netrahin the. unaki dasha dekh kar mera hriday aur bhi vidirn ho gaya. meri ahat pate hi ve bole - 'beta shravan! itani der kahan lagaee? pahale apani mata ko pani pila do kyonki vah pyas se atynt vyakul ho rahi hai.'
"shravan ke pita ke vachanon ko sun kar mainne darate-darate kaha - 'he mune! main ayodhya ka raja dasharath hoon. mainne, andhakar ke karan, hathi ke bhram men tumhare niraparadh putr ki hatya kar di hai. agyanavash kiye gaye apane is aparadh se main atynt vyathit hoon. ap mujhe dand dijiye.'
"putr ki mrityu ka samachar sun kar donon vilap karate huye kahane lage - 'man to karata hai ki main abhi shap dekar tumhen bhasm kar doon aur tumhare sir ke sat tukade kar doon. kintu tumane svayn akar apana aparadh svikar kiya hai, atah main aisa nahin karoonga. ab tum hamen hamare shravan ke pas le chalo.' shravan ke pas pahunchane par ve usake mrit sharir ko hath se tatolate huye hriday-vidarak vilap karane lage. apane putr ko unhonne jalanjali diya aur usake pashchath ve mujhase bole - 'he rajanh! jis prakar putr viyog men hamari mrityu ho rahi hai, usi prakar tumhari mrityu bhi putr viyog men ghor kasht utha kar hogi. shap dene ke pashchath unhonne apane putr ki chita banaee aur putr ke sath ve donon svayn bhi chita men baith jal kar bhasm ho gaye.'
"kaushalye! mere us pap karm ka dand aj mujhe prapt ho raha hai."[5]

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ramacharitamanas ayodhyakand
  2. pustak- pauranik kosh, lekhak- rana prasad sharma, prishth snkhya- 513, prakashan- gyanamndal limited, varanasi
  3. valmiki ramayan ayodhyakand 63,64|12-53 (not- valmiki ramayan men shravan ka namollekh nahin milata. ek muni ke roop men usaka varnan kiya gaya hai.)
  4. pustak- bharatiy mithak kosh, lekhak- daau. usha puri vidyavachaspati, prishth snkhya- 320, prakashan- neshanal pablishing haus, nee dilli
  5. shravanakumar ki katha - ayodhyakand (19) (hindi) snkshipt valmiki ramayan. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2014.

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