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ramayan
valmiki ramayan
vivaran 'ramayan' lagabhag chaubis hazar shlokon ka ek anupam mahakavy hai, jisake madhyam se raghu vnsh ke raja ram ki gatha kahi gayi hai.
rachanakar maharshi valmiki
rachanakal treta yug
bhasha snskrit
mukhy patr ram, lakshman, sita, hanuman, sugriv, angad, meghanad, vibhishan, kumbhakarn aur ravan.
sat kand balakand, ayodhyakand, aranyakand, kishkindhakand, sundarakand, yuddhakand (lnkakand), uttarakand.
snbndhit lekh ramacharitamanas, ramalila, pum chariu, ramayan samany gyan, bharat milap.
any janakari ramayan ke sat kandon men kathit sargon ki ganana karane par sampoorn ramayan men 645 sarg milate hain. sarganusar shlokon ki snkhya 23,440 ati hai, jo 24,000 se 560 shlok kam hai.

ramayan (angrezi:Ramayana) valmiki dvara likha gaya snskrit ka ek anupam mahakavy hai, jisaka hindoo dharm men bada hi mahattvapoorn sthan hai. isake 24,000 shlok hindoo smriti ka vah ang hain, jisake madhyam se raghuvnsh ke raja ram ki gatha kahi gayi. ise 'valmiki ramayan' ya 'balmiki ramayan' bhi kaha jata hai. ramayan ke sat adhyay hain, jo kand ke nam se jane jate hain. inhen bhi dekhen: ramacharitamanas, pum chariu, ramayan ji ki arati evn ramalila

rachanakal

kuchh bharatiy dvara yah mana jata hai ki yah mahakavy 600 ee.poo. se pahale likha gaya. usake pichhe yukti yah hai ki mahabharat jo isake pashchath aya, bauddh dharm ke bare men maun hai; yadyapi usamen jain, shaiv, pashupat adi any paramparaon ka varnan hai. atah ramayan gautam buddh ke kal ke poorv ka hona chahiye. bhasha-shaili se bhi yah panini ke samay se pahale ka hona chahiye. ramayan ka pahala aur antim kand snbhavat: bad men joda gaya tha. adhyay do se sat tak zyadatar is bat par bal diya jata hai ki ram bhagavan vishnu ke avatar the. kuchh logon ke anusar is mahakavy men yoonani aur kee any sandarbhon se pata chalata hai ki yah pustak doosari sadi eesa poorv se pahale ki nahin ho sakati, par yah dharana vivadaspad hai. 600 ee.poo. se pahale ka samay isaliye bhi thik hai ki bauddh jatak ramayan ke patron ka varnan karate hain, jabaki ramayan men jatak ke charitron ka varnan nahin hai.

hindoo kalaganana ke anusar rachanakal

ramayan ka samay tretayug ka mana jata hai. bharatiy kalaganana ke anusar samay ko char yugon men banta gaya hai-

  1. satayug
  2. tretayug
  3. dvapar yug
  4. kaliyug

ek kaliyug 4,32,000 varsh ka, dvapar 8,64,000 varsh ka, treta yug 12,96,000 varsh ka tatha satayug 17,28,000 varsh ka hota hai. is ganana ke anusar ramayan ka samay nyoonatam 8,70,000 varsh (vartaman kaliyug ke 5,250 varsh + bite dvapar yug ke 8,64,000 varsh) siddh hota hai. bahut se vidvanh isaka tatpary ee.poo. 8,000 se lagate hain jo adharahin hai. any vidvanh ise isase bhi purana manate hain.

valmiki dvara shlokabaddh

sanatan dharm ke dharmik lekhak tulasidas ji ke anusar sarvapratham shriram ki katha bhagavan shnkar ne mata parvati ko sunayi thi. jahan par bhagavan shnkar parvati ko bhagavan shriram ki katha suna rahe the, vahan kaga (kauva) ka ek ghosala tha aur usake bhitar baitha kaga bhi us katha ko sun raha tha. katha poori hone ke pahale hi mata parvati ko nind a gee, par us pakshi ne poori katha sun li. usi pakshi ka punarjanm kakabhushundi ke roop men hua. kakabhushundi ne yah katha garud ko sunaee. bhagavan shnkar ke mukh se nikali shriram ki yah pavitr katha 'adhyatm ramayan' ke nam se prakhyat hai. 'adhyatm ramayan' ko hi vishv ka sarvapratham ramayan mana jata hai. hriday parivartan ho jane ke karan ek dasyu se rishi ban jane tatha gyanaprapti ke bad valmiki ne bhagavan shriram ke isi vrittant ko punah shlokabaddh kiya. maharshi valmiki ke dvara shlokabaddh bhagavan shriram ki katha ko 'valmiki ramayan' ke nam se jana jata hai. valmiki ko adikavi kaha jata hai tatha valmiki ramayan ko 'adi ramayan' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

ramacharitamanas

bharat men videshiyon ki satta ho jane ke bad snskrit ka hras ho gaya aur bharatiy log uchit gyan ke abhav tatha videshi satta ke prabhav ke karan apani hi snskriti ko bhoolane lag gaye. aisi sthiti ko atyant vikat janakar janajagaran ke liye mahagyani sant tulasidas ne ek bar phir se shriram ki pavitr katha ko desi bhasha men lipibaddh kiya. sant tulasidas ne apane dvara likhit bhagavan ram ki kalyanakari katha se paripoorn is grnth ka nam 'ramacharitamanas' rakha. samany roop se 'ramacharitamanas' ko 'tulasi ramayan' ke nam se jana jata hai. kalantar men bhagavan shriram ki katha ko anek vidvanon ne apane apane buddhi, gyan tatha matanusar anek bar likha hai. is tarah se anekon ramayanon ki rachanaen huee hain.

kand

dhanush bhng karate ram, dvara - raja ravi varma

ramayan ke sat adhyay hain jo kand ke nam se jane jate hain.

  1. balakand
  2. ayodhyakand
  3. aranyakand
  4. kishkindhakand
  5. sundarakand
  6. yuddhakand (lnkakand)
  7. uttarakand

sarg tatha shlok

is prakar sat kandon men valmiki ne ramayan ko nibaddh kiya hai. uparyukt kandon men kathit sargon ki ganana karane par sampoorn ramayan men 645 sarg milate hain. sarganusar shlokon ki snkhya 23,440 ati hai jo 24,000 se 560 shlok kam hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

Valmiki Ramayan (snskrit). . abhigaman tithi: 9 julaee, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan


varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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