स्वप्नवासवदत्तम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

svapnavasavadattam
svapnavasavadattam ka avaran prishth
kavi mahakavi bhas
mool shirshak 'svapnavasavadattam'
mukhy patr udayan, vasavadatta, chndapradyot
desh bharat
bhasha snskrit
vidha natak
tippani yah natak bhas ki natyakala ka choodant nidarshan hai. tisari shatabdi ee. men mahakavi bhas dvara rachit is kriti se vatsaraj udayan evn avanti naresh chandapradyot ke sambandho ka ullekh milata hai.

svapnavasavadattam athava 'svapnavasavadatta' (vasavadatta ka svapn) prasiddh snskrit natak hai, jo mahakavi bhas dvara likha gaya tha. yah natak bhas ke prasiddh natakon men utkrisht shreni ka hai. kshemendr ke 'brihatkathamnjari' tatha somadev ke 'kathasaritsagar' par adharit yah natak samagr snskritavanmay ke drishyakavyon men adarsh kriti mana jata hai. bhas virachit roopakon men yah sarvashreshth hai. vastutah yah bhas ki natyakala ka choodant nidarshan hai. tisari shatabdi ee. men mahakavi bhas dvara rachit is kriti se vatsaraj udayan evn avanti naresh chandapradyot ke sambandho ka ullekh milata hai.

kathanak

'svapnavasavadatta' mahakavi bhas ki amar evn prasiddh rachana hai. is natak ki kathavastu nimn prakar hai-

snskrit natak 'svapnavasavadatta' ke nayak puruvnshiy raja udayan hain. ve vats rajy ke adhipati the. kaushambi unaki rajadhani thi. un dinon rajagrih magadh ki rajadhani thi aur vahan ka raja ajatashatru ka putr darshak tha. avanti rajy ki rajadhani ujjayini thi tatha vahan ke raja pradyot the. maharaj pradyot ka sainy-bal atyant vishal tha aur isiliye unhen mahasen ke nam se bhi jana jata tha. maharaj udayan ke pas ghoshavati namak ek divy vina thi. unaka vina-vadan apoorv tha.[1]

ek bar pradyot ke amaty shalnkayan ne chhal karake udayan ko kaid kar liya. udayan ke vina-vadan ki khyati sunakar pradyot ne unhe apani putri vasavadatta ke liye vina-shikshak niyukt kar diya. is dauran udayan aur vasavadatta ek doosare ke prati akarshit ho gaye. idhar udayan ke mantri yaugandharayan unhen kaid se chhudane ke prayas men the. yaugandharayan ke chatury se udayan, vasavadatta ko sath lekar, ujjayini se nikal bhagane men saphal ho gaye aur kaushambi akar unhonne vasavadatta se vivah kar liya. udayan vasavadatta ke prem men itane khoye rahane lage ki unhen raj-kary ki sudhi hi nahin rahi. is sthiti ka labh uthakar aruni namak unake kroor shatru ne unake rajy ko unase chhin liya.

aruni se udayan ke rajy ko vapas lene ke liye unake mantri yaugandharayan aur rumnavanh prayatnashil ho gaye. kintu bina kisi any rajy ki sahayata ke aruni ko parast nahin kiya ja sakata tha. vasavadatta ke pita pradyot udayan se naraj the aur yaugandharayan ko unase kisi prakar ki ummid nahin thi. yaugandharayan ko jyotishiyon ke dvara pata chalata hai ki magadh-naresh ki bahan padmavati ka vivah jis naresh se hoga, ve chakravarti samrat ho jayenge. yaugandharayan ne socha ki yadi kisi prakar se padmavati ka vivah udayan se ho jaye to udayan ko avashy hi unaka vats rajy aruni se vapas mil jayega; sath hi ve chakravarti samrat bhi ban jayenge.[1]

yaugandharayan bhalibhanti janate the ki udayan apani patni vasavadatta se asim prem karate hain aur ve apane doosare vivah ke liye kadapi raji nahin honge. at: unhonne vasavadatta aur rumnavanh ke sath milakar ek yojana banaee. yojana ke anusar udayan ko rajaparivar tatha vishvasapatr sahayogiyon ke sath lekar akhet ke liye van men bheja gaya, jahan ve sabhi log shivir men rahane lage. ek din, jab udayan mrigaya ke liye ge hue the, shivir men ag laga di gee. udayan ke vapas lautane par rumnavan ne unhen bataya ki vasavadatta shivir men lagi ag men phns geen thi aur unhen bachane ke liye yaugandharayan vahan ghuse, jahan par donon hi jal mare. udayan is samachar se atyant duahkhi hue kintu rumnavan tatha any amatyon ne anekon prakar se santvana dekar unhen sambhala.

idhar yaugandharayan vasavadatta ko sath lekar parivrajak ke vesh men magadh rajapootri padmavati ke pas pahunch ge aur prachchhann vasavadatta (avantika) ko padmavati ke pas dharohar ke roop men rakh diya. avantika padmavati ki vishesh anugrah patr ban geen. unhonne maharaj udayan ka gunagan karake padmavati ko unake prati akarshit kar liya. udayan doosara vivah nahin karana chahate the, kintu rumnavanh ne unhen samajha-bujha kar padmavati se vivah ke liye raji kar liya. is prakar udayan ka vivah padmavati ke sath ho gaya. vivah ke pashchath magadh-naresh ki sahayata se udayan ne aruni par akraman kar diya aur use parast kar apana rajy vapas le liya. ant men atyant natakiy dhng se yaugandharayan aur vasavadatta ne svayn ko prakat kar diya. yaugandharayan ne apani dhrishtata evn dussahas ke liye kshama nivedan kiya. yahi is natak ‘svapnavasavadatta’ ki kathavastu hai. ek drishy men udayan samudragrih men vishram karate rahate hain. ve svapn men ‘ha vasavadatta’, ‘ha vasavadatta’ pukarate rahate hain. usi samay avantika (vasavadatta) vahan pahunch jati hain. ve unake latakate huye hath ko bistar par rakh kar nikal jati hain, sath hi udayan ki nind khul jati hai; kintu ve nishchay nahin kar pate ki unhonne vastav men vasavadatta ko dekha hai athava svapn men. isi ghatana ke karan natak ka nam ‘svapnavasavadatta’ rakha gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 mahakavi bhas ka prasiddh natak 'svapnavasavadatta' (hindi) dhan ke desh men. abhigaman tithi: 01 joon, 2016.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah