चरक संहिता  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

charak snhita
charak snhita
vivaran 'charak snhita' ayurved ke siddhant ka poorn grnth hai. yah ek vishal granth hai, jisamen ayurvedik chikitsashastr ke vibhinn pahaluon ka varnan kiya gaya hai.
rachanakar charak
bhasha snskrit
bhag 8
adhyay 120
snbndhit lekh ashtangahridayamh, sushrut snhita
any janakari charak ne ayurved ke pramukh granthon aur usake gyan ko ikattha karake unaka snkalan kiya. unhonne bhraman karake chikitsakon ke sath baithaken ki, vichar ekatr kie aur siddhanton ko pratipadit kiya.

charak snhita ayurved ka ek mool granth hai. yah prasiddh grnth snskrit bhasha men hai, jisake rachayita achary charak the. yah ayurved ke siddhant ka poorn grnth hai. 'charak snhita' men vyadhiyon ke upachar to batae hi ge hain, prasngavash sthan-sthan par darshan aur arthashastr ke vishayon ke bhi ullekh hai.

rachanakal

'charak snhita' men pali sahity ke kuchh shabd milate hain, jaise- 'avakranti', 'jentak'[1], 'bhngodan', 'khuddak', 'bhootadhatri'[2]. isase 'charak snhita' ka upadesh kal upanishadon ke bad aur buddh ke poorv nishchit hota hai. isaka pratisnskar kanishk ke samay 78 ee. ke lagabhag hua. 'tripitak' ke chini anuvad men kanishk ke rajavaidy ke roop men charak ka ullekh hai. kintu kanishk bauddh tha aur usaka kavi ashvaghosh bhi bauddh tha, par 'charak snhita' men buddhamat ka joradar khndan milata hai. at: charak aur kanishk ka snbndh sndigdh hi nahin asnbhav jan padata hai. paryapt pramanon ke abhav men mat sthir karana kathin hai.

charak

achary charak ki shiksha takshashila men huee thi. ve ayurved ke khyatiprapt vidvanh the. unhonne ayurved ke pramukh granthon aur usake gyan ko ikattha karake usaka snkalan kiya. charak ne bhraman karake chikitsakon ke sath baithaken ki, vichar ekatr kie aur siddhanton ko pratipadit kiya aur use padhaee-likhaee ke yogy banaya. 'charak snhita' ath bhagon men vibhajit hai aur isamen 120 adhyay hain. isamen ayurved ke sabhi siddhant hain aur jo isamen nahin hai, vah kahin nahin hai. yah ayurved ke siddhant ka poorn grnth hai.

kay chikitsa grnth

ayurved ke upalabdh granthon men prachinatam 'charak snhita' aur 'sushrut snhita' hain. inamen se 'charak snhita' kay chikitsa pradhan aur 'sushrut snhita' shaly chikitsa pradhan hai. videshi vidvanh bhi 'charak snhita' ko adar ki drishti se dekhate hain. farasi aur arabi men isake anuvad shatabdi men hue bataye jate hain.[3]

bhag tatha adhyay

'charak snhita' ki rachana snskrit bhasha men huee hai. yah gady aur pady men likhi gayi hai. ise ath sh‍thanon (bhagon) aur 120 adhh‍yayon men vibhajit kiya gaya hai. 'charak snhita' ke ath sh‍than nimh‍nanusar hain[4]-

1. sootrash‍than - is bhag men aushadhi vigyan, ahar, pathh‍yapathh‍y, vishesh rog aur sharirik tatha manasik rogon ki chikith‍sa ka varnan kiya gaya hai.
2. nidanash‍than - ayurved paddhati men rogon ka karan pata karane ki prakriya ko nidan kaha jata hai. is khanh‍d men pramukh rogon evn unake upachar ki janakari pradan ki gayi hai.
3. vimanash‍than - is adhh‍yay men bhojan evn sharir ke samh‍bndh ko darshaya gaya hai tatha sh‍vash‍thh‍yavarddhak bhojan ke bare men janakari pradan ki gayi hai.
4. sharirash‍than - is khanh‍d men manav sharir ki rachana ka vish‍tar se parichay diya gaya hai. garbh men balak ke janh‍m lene tatha usake vikas ki prakriya ko bhi is khanh‍d men varnit kiya gaya hai.
5. indriyash‍than - yah khanh‍d mool roop men rogon ki prakriti evn usake upachar par kendrit hai.
6. chikith‍sash‍than - is prakaran men kuchh mahath‍vapoorn rogon ka varnan hai. un rogon ki pahachan kaise ki jae tatha unake upachar ki mahath‍vapoorn vidhiyan kaun si hain, isaki janakari bhi pradan ki gayi hai.
7. tatha 8. sadharan bimariyan - ye apekshakrit chhote adhh‍yay hain, jinamen sadharan bimariyon ke bare men bataya gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jntak - vinayapitak
  2. nidra ke liye
  3. charakasnhita, poorvi bhag (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 16 joon, 2015.
  4. AYUR VED CHAPTER (V): CHRAK SANHITA charak snhita (hindi) hindutv. abhigaman tithi: 16 joon, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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