bharatakosh ke snsthapak/snpadak ke fesabuk laiv ke lie yahan klik karen.

शुल्व सूत्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shulv sootr (angrezi: Shulba Sutras) hindoo dharmik dastavezon ka ek sngrah hai, jise 800 ee.poo. se 200 ee.poo. ke bich likha gaya. yah pustaken ganitiy roop se bahut mahatvapoorn hain. kee vidvanon ka vishvas hai ki ye ganit ki sabase purani pustake hain. in pustakon me bahut se ganitiy siddhant hain jo ki batate hain ki prachin bharat men ganit any prachin snskriti se bhi zyada agrim tha. yahan tak ki shulv sootr men likhe kuchh prameyon ka yooropiyon dvara kee shatabdiyon ke bad avishkar kiya ja saka.

avashyakata

prachin snskritiyon men ganit ka prarnbhik vikas dharmik prathaon aur tyoharon ke karan avashyak ho gaya tha. logon ko bali ya pooja ke krityon ke lie aur kuchh tyoharon ke shubh samay ke satik ganana ki avashyakata thi. unhen soory aur chndrama ki uday aur ast hone aur saur aur chandr grahan ki ghatanaon ke sahi samay ke gyan ki bhi avashyakata thi. in sabhi ke liye khagol vigyan ka achchha gyan avashyak hai, arthat ganit, tal aur goliy jyamiti aur trikonamiti ka sahi gyan aur snbhavatah saral khagoliy upakaranon ke nirman ka bhi gyan avashyak tha. prarnbhik charan men ganit mukhy roop se do vyapak parnparaon men vikasit hua- jyamitiy aur ankaganit, bijaganit ke moolabhoot vikas sahit. pura-yoonani prachin sabhyataon men, yah bharat hi hai ki jahan ham ganit ki in donon mahan dharaon par majaboot jor dekhate hain. any prachin sabhyataon, jaise bebilon aur misr ne mukhy roop se ankiy gananaon men pragati ki thi.

sat shulv sootr

bharatiy ganitgyon ne is kshetr men bahut kam kiya hai, jo shulv sootr ke roop men jana jata hai. keval sat shulv sootr ko vartaman men jana jata hai. inhen bodhayan, apastamb, katyayan, manav, maitriyan, varah aur vadhula ke nam se jana jata hai. un rishiyon ya sadhuon ke bad jinhonne unhen likha tha. katyayan sootr vedon ke us bhag se hain, jise shukl tajurved kahate hain. jabaki any sabhi krishn yajurved se liye gaye hain. bodhayan, apastamb aur katyayan sootr ganitiy bindu se mahatvapoorn hain. maitriyan manav sootron ke saman hai. ek any shulv sootr hiranyakashin bhi paya gaya hai, jo apastamb sootr ke saman hai.

jatil jyamitiy nirman

shulv sootron se kuchh jatil jyamitiy nirman niche soochibaddh hain-

  1. kisi die ge varg ke apavarty ke barabar varg ki rachana karana.
  2. kisi varg ke apavartak ke barabar varg ki rachana karana.
  3. do vibhinn vargon ke yog ke barabar varg ki rachana karana.
  4. do vibhinn vargon ke antar ke barabar varg ki rachana karana.
  5. ayat ke barabar varg ki rachana karana.
  6. varg ke barabar ayat ki rachana karana.
  7. varg ke barabar tribhuj ki rachana karana.
  8. vritt ke barabar varg ki rachana karana tatha isaka viparit.
  9. bhujayen gyat hone par ayat ki rachana karana.
  10. kisi di huee rekha par varg ki rachana karana.
  11. do bhujaon aur unake jhukav die rahane par samantar chaturbhuj ki rachana karana aur isi prakar ki any rachanayen evn rupantaran.

ooparokt keval kuchh udaharan hain. asal men shulv sootr bahut se jatil ganitiy nirmanon se bhare pade hain.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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