प्राचीन भारत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat ka itihas
pashan yug- 70000 se 3300 ee.poo
meharagadh snskriti 7000-3300 ee.poo
sindhu ghati sabhyata- 3300-1700 ee.poo
hadappa snskriti 1700-1300 ee.poo
vaidik kal- 1500–500 ee.poo
prachin bharat - 1200 ee.poo–240 ee.
mahajanapad 700–300 ee.poo
magadh samrajy 545–320 ee.poo
satavahan samrajy 230 ee.poo-199 ee.
maury samrajy 321–184 ee.poo
shung samrajy 184–123 ee.poo
shak samrajy 123 ee.poo–200 ee.
kushan samrajy 60–240 ee.
poorv madhyakalin bharat- 240 ee.poo– 800 ee.
chol samrajy 250 ee.poo- 1070 ee.
gupt samrajy 280–550 ee.
pal samrajy 750–1174 ee.
pratihar samrajy 830–963 ee.
rajapoot kal 900–1162 ee.
madhyakalin bharat- 500 ee.– 1761 ee.
dilli saltanat
gulam vnsh
khilaji vnsh
tugalaq vnsh
saiyyad vnsh
lodi vnsh
mugal samrajy
1206–1526 ee.
1206-1290 ee.
1290-1320 ee.
1320-1414 ee.
1414-1451 ee.
1451-1526 ee.
1526–1857 ee.
dakkan saltanat
bahamani vnsh
nizamashahi vnsh
1490–1596 ee.
1358-1518 ee.
1490-1565 ee.
dakshini samrajy
rashtrakoot vnsh
hoyasal samrajy
kakatiya samrajy
vijayanagar samrajy
1040-1565 ee.
736-973 ee.
1040–1346 ee.
1083-1323 ee.
1326-1565 ee.
adhunik bharat- 1762–1947 ee.
maratha samrajy 1674-1818 ee.
sikh rajyasngh 1716-1849 ee.
aupanivesh kal 1760-1947 ee.

1200 ee.poo se 240 ee. tak ka bharatiy itihas, prachin bharat ka itihas kahalata hai. isake bad ke bharat ko madhyakalin bharat kahate hain jisamen mukhyatah muslim shasakon ka prabhutv raha tha. prachin bharat ke itihas men mukhyat: maury kal, shung kal, shak evn kushan kal ate hain.

maury aur shung

yoonani itihasakaron ke dvara varnit 'presiaee' desh ka raja itana shaktishali tha ki sikandar ki senaen vyas par karake presiaee desh men nahin ghus sakin aur sikandar, jisane 326 ee. men pnjab par hamala kiya, pichhe lautane ke lie vivash ho gaya. vah sindhu ke marg se pichhe laut gaya. is ghatana ke bad hi magadh par chndragupt maury (lagabhag 322 ee. poo.-298 ee. poo.) ne pnjab men sikandar jin yoonani adhikariyon ko chhod gaya tha, unhen nikal bahar kiya aur bad men ek yuddh men sikandar ke senapati selyukas ko hara diya. selyukas ne hindookush tak ka sara pradesh vapas lauta kar chandragupt maury se sndhi kar li. chandragupt ne sare uttari bharat par apana prabhutv sthapit kiya. usane sambhvatah dakshin bhi vijay kar liya. vah apane is vishal samrajy par apani rajadhani pataliputr se shasan karata tha. usaki rajadhani pataliputr vaibhav aur samriddhi men soosa aur ekabatana nagariyon ko bhi mat karati thi. usaka pautr ashok tha, jisane kaling (udisa) ko jita. usaka samrajy himalay ke padamool se lekar dakshin men pannar nadi tak tatha uttar pashchim men hindookush se lekar uttar-poorv men asam ki sima tak vistrit tha. usane apane vishal samrajy ke samay sadhanon ko manushyon tatha pashuon ke kalyan karyon tatha bauddh dharm ke prasar men lagakar amit yash prapt kiya. usane bauddh dharm ke prachar ke lie bhikshuon ko misr, maqadooniya tatha korinth (prachin yoonan ki vilas nagari) jaise door-daraj sthanon men bheja aur vahan lokopakari kary karavaye. usake prayatnon se bauddh dharm vishvadharm ban gaya. parantu usaki yuddh se virat rahane ki shantipoorn niti ne usake vnsh ki shakti kshin kar di aur lagabhag adhi shatabdi ke bad pushyamitr ne usaka uchchhed kar diya. pushyamitr ne shungavnsh (lagabhag 185 ee. poo.- 73 ee. poo.) ki sthapana ki, jisaka uchchhed karav vnsh (lagabhag 73 ee. poo.-28 ee. poo.) ne kar diya.

inhen bhi dekhen: ashok ke shilalekh, ashok, buddh, bauddh darshan, bauddh dharm, fahyan, pataliputr evn takshashila

shak, kushan aur satavahan

mauryavnsh ke patan ke bad magadh ki shakti ghatane lagi aur satavahan rajaon ke netritv men magadh samrajy dakshin se alag ho gaya. satavahan vnsh ko andhr vnsh bhi kahate hain aur usane 50 ee. poo. se 225 ee. tak rajy kiya. bharat men ek shaktishali kendriy sarakar ke abhav men baiktriya aur parthiya ke rajaon ne uttari bharat par akraman shuroo kar diye. in akramanakari rajaon men minandar sabase vikhyat hai. isake bad hi shak rajaon ke akraman shuroo ho gaye aur maharashtr, saurashtr tatha mathura shak kshatrapon ke shasan men a gaye. is tarah bharat ki jo rajanitik ekata bhng ho gayi thi, vah eesvin pahali shatabdi men kujul kadafaisis dvara kushan vnsh ki shuruat se phir sthapit ho gayi. is vnsh ne tisari shatabdi eesvin ke madhy tak uttari bharat par rajy kiya.

is vnsh ka sabase prasiddh raja kanishk (lagabhag 120-144 ee.) tha, jisaki rajadhani purushapur athava peshavar thi. usane bauddh dharm grahan kar liya aur ashvaghosh, nagarjun tatha charak jaise bharatiy vidvanon ko snrakshan diya. kushanavnsh ka agyat karanon se tisari shatabdi ke madhy tak patan ho gaya. isake bad bharatiy itihas ka andhakar yug arambh hota hai. jo chauthi shatabdi ke arambh men guptavnsh ke uday se samapt hua.

inhen bhi dekhen: rabatak lekh, kushan, kanishk, kambojika evn kalhan


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