शक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shak raj purush mastan, rajakiy sngrahalay, mathura

shak (angrezi: Saka) prachin madhy eshiya men rahane vali skithi logon ki ek janajati athava janajatiyon ka samooh tha. inaki sahi nasl ki pahachan karana kathin raha hai, kyonki prachin bharatiy, eerani, yoonani aur chini srot inaka alag-alag vivaran dete hain. phir bhi adhikatar itihasakar manate hain ki 'sabhi shak skithi the, lekin sabhi skithi shak nahin the', yani 'shak' skithi samuday ke andar ke kuchh hisson ka jati nam tha.

  • vishv ke bhag hone ke nate shak ek prachin eerani bhasha-parivar ki boli bolate the aur inaka any skithi-saramati logon se sambandh tha.
  • shakon ka bharat ke itihas par gahara asar raha hai, kyonki yah yuishi logon ke dabav se bharatiy upamahadvip men ghus aye aur unhonne yahan ek bada samrajy sthapit kiya.
  • shak sambhavatah uttari chin tatha yoorop ke madhy sthit videsh jhingajhiyang pradesh ke nivasi the. kushanon evn shakon ka qabila ek hi mana gaya tha.
  • lagabhag ee. poo. 100 men videshi shasakon ki shakti badhane lagi. mathura men inaka kendr bana. yahan ke raja 'shak kshatrap' ke nam se jane jate hain.
  • mathura ke nagarik shak-kshatrapon ke samay sabase pahale videshi sampark men aye, par janata par kushan shasan ka prabhav sthaee roop se pada.
  • shak snvat purana bharatiy snvat hai jo ee. 78 se shuroo hota hai. bharat men maury aur satavahan kal men shasan-varshon ka hi prayog hota tha. snvaton ka prayog tithi-nirdharan ke lie kushan aur shak kal se hone laga.
  • shak, malav, gupt, harsh adi snvaton ka snbndh aitihasik ghatanaon se hai.
  • mahabharat men bhi shakon ka ullekh hai. shak us desh ke rahane vale the jo purane samay men sistan aur ajakal dakshini eeran tatha ujbekistan kahalata hai.
  • 'kamboj' ko ab 'kaboh' kahate hain. tushar hi bad men chal kar kushan bhi kahalane lage the. yah shak aur kushan eeran se lekar aj ke soviyat yooniyan ke anek deshon tak phaile huye the.
  • panav yon tapoo nivasi the, jise ab yoonan kaha jata hai. in sab jatiyon ke log ary hi the, aur us samay hamare tatha unake dharm snskaron men bhi koee khas bada antar nahin tha. lekin thande deshon ke ye ladavaiye hamare yahan ke shooraviron se adhik jallad hote the.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mahabharat katha -amritalal nagar pri. 182 (hindi) hi.krishnakosh.org. abhigaman tithi: 25 janavari, 2017.

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