यक्ष  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

yaksh ek ardh devayoni (napunsak ling) hai jisaka ullekh rigved men hua hai. usaka arth hai 'jadoo ki shakti'. 'yach' sambhavat: 'yaksh' ka hi ek prakrit roop hai. atev sambhavat: yaksh ka arth jadoo ki shaktivala hoga aur nissandeh isaka arth yakshini hai. yakshon ki prarambhik dharana thik vahi thi jo pichhe vidyadharon ki huee. yakshon ko rakshason ke nikat mana jata hai, yadyapi ve manushyon ke virodhi nahin hote, jaise rakshas hote hain. (anudar yaksh evn udar rakshas ke udaharan bhi paye jate hain, kintu yah unaka sadharan dharm nahin hai.) yaksh tatha rakshas donon hi 'punyajan' (atharvaved men kuber ki praja ka nam) kahalate hain. mana gaya hai ki prarambh men do prakar ke rakshas hote the; ek jo raksha karate the ve yaksh kahalaye tatha doosare ygyon men badha upasthit karane vale rakshas kahalaye. yakshon ke raja kuber uttar ke dikpal tatha svarg ke koshadhyaksh kahalate hain.

mahabharat men yaksh ke prashn

pandavon ke vanavas ke barah varsh samapt hone vale the. isake bad ek varsh ke agyatavas ki chinta yudhishthir ko sata rahi thi. isi chinta men magn ek din yudhishthir bhaiyon aur krishn ke sath vichar vimarsh kar rahe the ki unake samane ek rota hua brahman a khada hua. rone ka karan poochhane par usane bataya – “meri jhopadi ke bahar arani ki lakadi tngi huee thi. ek hiran aya aur vah is lakadi se apana sharir khujalane laga aur chal pada. arani ki lakadi usake sing men hi atak gee. isase hiran ghabara gaya aur badi teji se bhag khada hua. ab main agni hotr ke lie agni kaise utpann karoonga?”

us brahman par taras khakar panchon bhaee hiran ki khoj men nikal pade. hiran unake age se teji se daudata hua bahut door nikal gaya aur ankhon se ojhal ho gaya. panchon pandav thake hue pyas se vyakul hokar ek baragad ki chhanv men baith ge. ve sabhi is bat se lajjit the ki shaktishali aur shooravir hote hue bhi brahman ka chhota sa kam bhi nahin kar sake. pyas ke mare un sabhi ka knth sookh raha tha. nakul sabhi ke lie pani ki khoj men nikal pade. kuchh door jane par unhen ek sarovar mila jisamen svachchh pani bhara hua tha. nakul pani pine ke lie jaise hi sarovar men utare, ek avaz aee – “madri ke putr, dussahas nahin karo. yah jalashay mere adhin hai. pahale mere prashnon ke uttar do, phir pani piyo”.
yaksh

nakul chaunk uthe, par unhen itani tej pyas lag rahi thi ki unhonne chetavani anasuni kar di aur pani pi liya. pani pite hi ve pranahin hokar gir pade. badi der tak nakul ke nahin lautane par yudhishthir chintit hue aur unhonne sahadev ko bheja. sahadev ke sath bhi vahi ghatana ghati jo nakul ke sath ghati thi. sahadev ke n lautane par arjun us sarovar ke pas ge. donon bhaiyon ko mrit pade dekhakar unaki mrityu ka karan sochate hue arjun ko bhi usi prakar ki vani sunaee di jaisi nakul aur sahadev ne suni thi arjun kupit hokar shabdabhedi ban chalane lage par usaka koee phal nahin nikala. arjun ne bhi krodh men akar pani pi liya aur ve bhi kinare par ate-ate moorchhit hokar gir ge. arjun ki bat johate-johate yudhishthir vyakul ho uthe. unhonne bhaiyon ki khoj ke lie bhim ko bheja bhimasen teji se jalashay ki or badhe. vahan unhonne apane tin bhaiyon ko mrit paya. unhonne socha ki yah avashy kisi rakshas ke karatoot hai par kuchh karane se pahale unhonne pani pina chaha. yah sochakar bhim jyon hi sarovar men utare unhen bhi vahi avaz sunaee di. – “mujhe rokane vala too kaun hai!?” – yah kahakar bhim ne pani pi liya. pani pite hi ve bhi vahin dher ho ge.
charon bhaiyon ke nahin lautane par yudhishthir chintit ho uthe aur unhen khojate hue jalashay ki or jane lage. nirjan van se guzarate hue yudhishthir usi vishaile sarovar ke pas pahunch ge jisaka jal pikar unake charon bhaee pran kho baithe the. unaki mrityu ka karan khojate hue yudhishthir bhe pani pine ke lie sarovar men utare aur unhen bhi vahi avaz sunaee di – “savadhan! tumhare bhaiyon ne meri bat n manakar talab ka jal pi liya. yah talab mere adhin hai. mere prashnon ka sahi uttar dene par hi tum is talab ka jal pi sakate ho!”

yudhishthir jan ge ki yah koee yaksh bol raha tha. unhonne kaha – “ap prashn karen, main uttar dene ka prayas karoonga!”
yaksh ne prashn kiya – manushy ka sath kaun deta hai?
yudhishthir ne kaha – dhairy hi manushy ka sath deta hai.

yaksh – yashalabh ka ekamatr upay kya hai?
yudhishthir – dan.

yaksh – hava se tej kaun chalata hai?
yudhishthir – man.

yaksh – videsh jane vale ka sathi kaun hota hai?
yudhishthir – vidya.

yaksh – kise tyag kar manushy priy ho jata hai?
yudhishthir – ahamh bhav se utpann garv ke chhoot jane par.

yaksh – kis chiz ke kho jane par duahkh nahin hota?
yudhishthir – krodh.

yaksh – kis chiz ko gnvakar manushy dhani banata hai?
yudhishthir – lobh.

mudagar pani yaksh

yaksh – brahman hona kis bat par nirbhar hai? janm par, vidya par, ya shital svabhav par?
yudhishthir – shital svabhav par.

yaksh – kaun sa ekamatr upay hai jisase jivan sukhi ho jata hai?
yudhishthir – achchha svabhav hi sukhi hone ka upay hai.

yaksh – sarvottam labh kya hai?
yudhishthir – arogy.

yaksh – dharm se badhakar snsar men aur kya hai?
yudhishthir – daya.

yaksh – kaise vyakti ke sath ki gayi mitrata purani nahin padati?
yudhishthir – sajjanon ke sath ki gayi mitrata kabhi purani nahin padati.

yaksh – is jagath men sabase bada ashchary kya hai?
yudhishthir – roz hajaron-lakhon log marate hain phir bhi sabhi ko anntakal tak jite rahane ki ichchha hoti hai. isase bada ashchary aur kya ho sakata hai?

isi prakar yaksh ne kee prashn kiye aur yudhishthir ne un sabhi ke thik-thik uttar die. ant men yaksh ne kaha – “rajan, main tumhare mrit bhaiyon men se keval kisi ek ko hi jivit kar sakata hoon. tum jise bhi chahoge vah jivit ho jayega”.

yudhishthir ne yah sunakar ek pal ko socha, phir kaha – “nakul jivit ho jaye”.

yudhishthir ke yah kahate hi yaksh unake samane prakat ho gaya aur bola – “yudhishthir! das hazar hathiyon ke bal vale bhim ko chhodakar tumane nakul ko jilana kyon thik samajha? bhim nahin to tum arjun ko hi zila lete jisake yuddh kaushal se sada hi tumhari raksha hoti aee hai!”

yudhishthir ne kaha – “he dev, manushy ki raksha n to bhim se hoti hai n hi arjun se. dharm hi manushy ki raksha karata hai aur dharm se vimukh hone par manushy ka nash ho jata hai. mere pita ki do patniyon men se kunti mata ka putr main hi bacha hoon. main chahata hoon ki madri mata ka bhi ek putr jivit rahe.”

“pakshapat se rahit mere priy putr, tumhare charon bhaee jivit ho uthen!” – yaksh ne yudhishthir ko yah var diya. yah yaksh aur koee nahin balki svayn dharmadev the. unhonne hi hiran ka aur yaksh ka roop dharan kiya hua tha. unaki ichchha thi ki ve apane dharmaparayan putr yudhishthir ko dekhakar apani ankhen tript karen.[1]


inhen bhi dekhen: yach

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. yaksh prashn (hindi) hindizen. abhigaman tithi: 30 mee, 2013.

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