अथर्ववेद  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

atharvaved ka avaran prishth

atharvaved ki bhasha aur svaroop ke adhar par aisa mana jata hai ki is ved ki rachana sabase bad men huee thi. atharvaved ke do pathon, shaunak aur paippalad, men sncharit hue lagabhag sabhi stotr rigved ke stotron ke chhadon men rachit hain. dono vedon men isake atirikt any koee samanata nahin hai. atharvaved dainik jivan se jude tantrik dharmik sarokaron ko vyakt karata hai, isaka svar rigved ke us adhik purohiti svar se bhinn hai, jo mahanh devon ko mahimamndit karata hai aur som ke prabhav men kaviyon ki utprerit drishti ka varnan karata hai.

rachana kal

ygyon v devon ko anadekha karane ke karan vaidik purohit varg ise any tin vedon ke barabar nahin manata tha. ise yah darja bahut bad men mila. isaki bhasha rigved ki bhasha ki tulana men spashtatah bad ki hai aur kee sthanon par brahman grnthon se milati hai. atah ise lagabhag 1000 ee.poo. ka mana ja sakata hai. isaki rachana 'athavarn' tatha 'angiras' rishiyon dvara ki gayi hai. isilie atharvaved ko 'atharvangiras ved' bhi kaha jata hai. isake atirikt atharvaved ko any namon se bhi jana jata hai-

  1. gopath brahman men ise 'atharvangiras' ved kaha gaya hai.
  2. brahm vishay hone ke karan ise 'brahmaved' bhi kaha gaya hai.
  3. ayurved, chikitsa, aushadhiyon adi ke varnan hone ke karan 'bhaishajy ved' bhi kaha jata hai .
  4. 'prithvisookt' is ved ka ati mahattvapoorn sookt hai. is karan ise 'mahived' bhi kahate hain.

vishay

atharvaved men kul 20 kand, 730 sookt evn 5987 mntr hain. is ved ke mahattvapoorn vishay hain-

  • brahmgyan
  • aushadhi prayog
  • rog nivaran
  • jantr-tantr
  • tona-totaka adi.

vivaran

atharvaved men parikshit ko kuruon ka raja kaha gaya hai tatha isamen kuroo desh ki samriddhi ka achchha vivaran milata hai. is ved men ary evn anary vichar-dharaon ka samanvay hai. uttar vaidik kal men is ved ka vishesh mahattv hai. rigved ke darshanik vicharon ka praudharoop isi ved se prapt hua hai. shanti aur paushtik karma ka sampadan bhi isi ved men milata hai. atharvaved men sarvadhik ullekhaniy vishay 'ayurvigyan' hai. isake atirikt 'jivanu vigyan' tatha 'aushadhiyon' adi ke vishay men janakari isi ved se hoti hai. bhoomi sookt ke dvara rashtriy bhavana ka sudridh pratipadan sarvapratham isi ved men hua hai. is ved ki do any shakhayen hain-

  1. pippalad
  2. shaunak

atharvaved men 20 kand hain, jinamen 598 sookt aur gady parichchhed hain. jinaka vivaran nimn haiah-

  • pahale se lekar sataven kand men vishisht uddeshyon ke lie tntr-mntr snbndhi prathanaen hain- lnbe jivan ke lie mntr, upachar, shrap, prem mntr, samriddhi ke lie prarthana, brahman ke gyataon se ghanishthata, ved adhyayan men saphalata, raja banane ke lie mntr aur pap ka prayashchit.
  • athaven se barahaven kand men isi tarah ke path hain, lekin isamen brahmandiy sookt bhi shamil hain, jo rigved ke sookton ko hi jari rakhate hain aur upanishadon ke adhik jatil chintan ki or le jate hain. udaharan ke lie, upanishadon ke lie atynt arthavan shvas ya pranavayu ke mahattv ki snkalpana aur sarvabhaum astitv se jude atm par chintan sabase pahale atharvaved men hi pae ge the.
  • 13 se 20 tak kand men brahmandiy siddhant (13 kand), vivah prathanaen (kand 14), antim snskar ke mntr (kand 18) aur any jaduee v anushthanik mntr hain.
    • 15 van kand rochak hai, jisamen vraty ka mahimamndan kiya gaya hai, jo vedapath n karane vala ek aroodhibaddh ary samooh tha, lekin isake bavajood sammanajanak anushthanik v chintan parnparaen rakhata tha. yahi nahin, vraty svamisvaroop hain aur ek raja ka atithy grahan karane ki sthati men unhen raja ko ashirvad dene yogy mana gaya hai. atharvaved ke is bhag ke sath-sath any yajurved parichchhedon men vaidik rachana ke prathamik sngathanatmak siddhanton aur bad ke bharatiy anushthanon men se ek, atithi satkar ke mahtv ka varnan kiya gaya hai.

any sookt

atharvaved ka ek any sookt manav sharir ki rachana ka varnan v prashnsa karata hai. is sookt v upachar se jude samany atharvavedi chintan ke karan shastriy bharatiy chikitsa pranali, ayurved apani utpatti atharvaved se manata hai. kintu shastron dvara is daven ko samarthan nahin milata aur n to ayurved ke siddhant vedon men aur n hi atharvaved ke tantrik ya anushthanik upachar ayurved men pae jate hain. phir bhi chikitsakiy upacharon ko pranalibaddh karane v unhen vargikrit kie jane ke kam ki shuruat atharvaved se mani ja sakati hai.

visheshataen

  1. isamen rigved aur samaved se bhi mantr liye gaye hain.
  2. jadoo se sambandhit mantr-tantr, rakshas, pishach, adi bhayanak shaktiyan atharvaved ke mahattvapoorn vishay hain.
  3. isamen bhoot-pret, jadoo-tone adi ke mantr hain.
  4. rigved ke uchch koti ke devataon ko is ved men gaun sthan prapt hua hai.
  5. dharm ke itihas ki drishti se rigved aur atharvaved donon ka bada hi mooly hai.
  6. atharvaved se spasht hai ki kalantar men aryon men prakriti ki pooja ki upeksha ho gayi thi aur pret-atmaon v tantr-mantr men vishvas kiya jane laga tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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