वेदांग  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • vedon ke arth ko achchhi tarah samajhane men vedang kafi sahayak hote hain. vedang shabd se abhipray hai- 'jisake dvara kisi vastu ke svaroop ko samajhane men sahayata mile'. vedango ki kul snkhya 6 hai, jo is prakar hai-
  1. shiksha - vaidik vakyon ke spasht uchcharan hetu isaka nirman hua. vaidik shiksha sambndhi prachinatam sahity 'pratishakhy' hai.
  2. kalp - vaidik karmakandon ko sampann karavane ke lie nishchit kie gaye vidhi niyamon ka pratipadan 'kalpasootr' men kiya gaya hai.
  3. vyakaran - isake antargat samason evn sandhi adi ke niyam, namon evn dhatuon ki rachana, upasarg evn pratyay ke prayog adi ke niyam bataye gaye hain. panini ki ashtadhyayi prasiddh vyakaran grnth hai.
  4. nirookt - shabdon ki vyutpatti evn nirvachan batalane vale shastr 'nirookt' kahalaten hai. klisht vaidik shabdon ke snkalan ‘nighantu‘ ki vyakhya hetu yask ne 'nirookt' ki rachana ki thi, jo bhasha shastr ka pratham grnth mana jata hai.
  5. chhand - vaidik sahity men mukhy roop se gayatri, trishtup, jagati, vrihati adi chhandon ka prayog kiya gaya hai. pingal ka chhandashastr prasiddh hai.
  6. jyotish - isamen jyotish shastr ke vikas ko dikhaya gaya hai. isaken prachinatam achary 'lagadh muni' hai.
  • ved purush ke 6 ang mane gaye hain- kalp, shiksha, chhand, vyakaran, nirukt tatha jyotish. mundakopanishad men ata hai-

'tasmai s ho vach. dvai vidye veditabye iti h sm yadbrahm vidyau vadnti para chaivopara ch॥
tatrapara rigvedo yajurved: samavedoarth ved: shiksha kalpo vyakarann niruktn chhandojyotishamiti. ath para yatha tadaksharamadhigamyate॥'[1]

'arthat manushy ko janane yogy do vidyaen hain-para aur apara. unamen charon vedon ke shiksha, kalp, vyakaran, nirukt, chhnd, jyotish- ye sab 'apara' vidya hain tatha jisase vah avinashi parabrahm tattv se jana jata hai, vahi 'para' vidya hai.'

  • in chh: ko is prakar bataya gaya hai- jyotish ved ke do netr hain, nirukt 'kan' hai, shiksha 'nak', vyakaran 'mukh' tatha kalp 'donon hath' aur chhand 'donon panv' hain-

shiksha ghrann tu vedasy, hastau kalpoath pathyate mukhn vyakarann smritamh.
nirukt shrautamuchyate, chhand: padautu vedasy jyotishamayann chakshu:॥

  • vaidikamantron ke svar, akshar, matra evn uchcharan ki vivechana 'shiksha' se hoti hai. shikshagranth jo upalabdh hain-paniniy shiksha (rigved), vyas shiksha (krishn yajurved), yagyvalky adi 25 shikshagranth (shukl yajurved), gautami, naradiy, lomashi shiksha (samaved) tatha mandooki shiksha (atharvaved).
  • bhasha niyamon ka sthirikaran 'vyakaran' ka kary hai. shakatayan vyakaran sootr tatha paniniy vyakaran yajurved se sambaddh mane jate hain. inake atirikt sarasvat vyakaran, prakrit prakash, prakrit vyakaran, kamadhenu vyakaran, hemachandr vyakaran adi anek vyakaran shastr ke granth bhi hain. sabhi par anek bhashy evn tikaen likhi gayi hain. anek vyakaran-granth lupt ho ge hain.
  • vedon ki vyakhya paddhati batana 'nirukt' ka kary hai. isake anek granth lupt hain. nirukt ko vedon ka vishvakosh kaha gaya hai. ab yask ka nirukt granth upalabdh hai, jis par anek bhashy rachanaen huee hain.
  • 'chhand' ke kuchh granth hi milate hain, jisamen vaidik chhandon par gargyaprokt upanidan-sootr (samavediy), pingal nag prokt chhand: sootr (chhandovichit) venkat madhav kdadat chhandoanukramani, jayadev krit chhandasootr ke atirikt laukik chhandon par chhandashastr (halayudh vritti), chhandomanjari, vritt ratnakar, shrutabodh adi hain.
  • jab brahman-granthon men ygy-yagadi ki karmakandiy vyakhya men vyavaharagat kathinaiyan aeen, tab kalpasootron ki 'pratishakha' men rachana huee. rigved ke pratishakhy vargadvay vritti men kaha gaya hai-

'kalpau ved vihitanan karmanamanupoorvyen kalpanashastramh.'

'arthath 'kalp' ved pratipadit karmon ka bhali-prakar vichar prastut karane vala shastr hai. kalp men ygyon ki vidhiyon ka varnan hota hai.'

  • jyotish ka mukhy prayojan snskar evn ygyon ke lie muhoort nirdharan karana hai evn ygysthali, mndap adi ka nam batalana hai. is samay lagadhachary ke vedang jyotish ke atirikt samany jyotish ke anek granth hai. narad, parashar, vasishth adi rishiyon ke granthon ke atirikt varahamihir, aryabhat, brahmagupt, bhaskarachary ke jyotish granth prakhyat hain. puratan kal men jyotish granth charon vedon ke alag-alag the-arsh jyotish (rigved), yajush jyotish (yajurved) aur atharvan jyotish (atharvaved).

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mundakopanishad, 1.1.4-5

snbndhit lekh

shrutiyan

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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