वैदिक धर्म  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vaidik dharm
om
vivaran 'vaidik dharm' vaidik sabhyata ka mool dharm tha. yah hazaron varshon se bharatiy upamahadvip aur madhy eshiya men chala raha hai. adhunik 'sanatan dharm' ya hindoo dharm isi dharmik vyavastha par adharit hai.
devi-devata brahma, indr, agnidev, varun devata, som devata, ashvinikumar, pooshan, vishnu, rudr, mitr, tvashdra, vivastan, prithvi devi, aranyani adi.
vishvas aur darshanashastr punarjanm, pooja, bhakti, snskar, pitar, darshan, hindoo dharm, vedant, yog, ayurved.
grnth vedasnhita, vedang, brahman grnth, aranyak, upanishad, shrimadbhagavad gita, ramayan, mahabharat, sootr, puran.
snbndhit lekh hindoo dharm snskar, ygy, shraddh
any janakari vaidik dharm ke dev samooh men sarvapradhan devata kaun tha, yah nirdharit karana kathin hai. rigvaidik rishiyon ne jis samay jis devata ki stuti ki, use hi sarvochch manakar usamen sampoorn gunon ka aropan kar diya.

vaidik dharm karm par adharit tha. yah dharm poornatah pratimargi hai. vaidik devataon men purush bhav ki pradhanata hai. adhikansh devataon ki aradhana manav ke roop men ki jati thi, kintu kuchh devataon ki aradhana pashu ke roop men bhi ki jati thi. 'aj ekapad' aur 'ahitarbudhny' donon devataon ki parikalpana pashu ke roop men ki gee hai. maruton ki mata ki parikalpana 'chitakabari gay' ke roop men ki gee hai. indr ki gay khojane vala 'sarama' (kutiya) shvan ke roop men hai. isake atirikt indr ki kalpana 'vrishabh' (bail) ke roop men evn soory ki 'ashv' ke roop men ki gee hai. rigved men pashuon ki pooja ka prachalan nahin tha. rigvaidik devataon men kisi prakar ka unch-nich ka bhedabhav nahin tha. vaidik rishiyon ne sabhi devataon ki mahima gaee hai. rigvaidik logon ne prakritik shaktiyon ka 'manavikaran' kiya hai. is samay 'bahudevavad' ka prachalan tha. rigvaidik aryo ki devamandali tin bhagon men vibhajit thi-

  1. akash ke devata - soory, dyaus, varun, mitr, pooshan, vishnu, usha, apannapat, savita, trip, vinvasvat, adintyagag, ashvinadvay adi.
  2. antariksh ke devata - indr, marut, rudr, vayu, parjany, matarishvanh, triprapty, aj ekapad, ap, ahirbughny.
  3. prithvi ke devata- agni, som, prithvi, brihaspati, tatha nadiyan.

is dev samooh men sarvapradhan devata kaun tha, yah nirdharit karana kathin hai. rigvaidik rishiyon ne jis samay jis devata ki stuti ki use hi sarvochch manakar usamen sampoorn gunon ka aropan kar diya. maiksamoolar ne is pravritti ki 'hinathijm' kaha hai. sookton ki snkhya ki drishti yah manana nyayasngat hoga ki inaka sarvapradhan devata indr tha.

indr

  • rigved men antariksh sthaniy 'indr' ka varnan sarvadhik pratapi devata ke roop men kiya gaya hai.
  • rigved ke qarib 250 sookton men inaka varnan hai.
  • indr ko varsha ka devata mana jata tha. unhonne vriksh rakshas ko mara tha isilie unhen 'vritrahan' kaha jata hai.
  • anek kilon ko nasht kar diya tha, is roop men ve 'purandar' kahe jate hain.
  • indr ne vritr ki hatya karake jal ka mukt karate hain isalie unhen 'purmid' kaha gaya.
  • indr ke lie ek visheshan 'ansujit' (pani ko jitane vala) bhi ata hai.
  • indr ke pita 'dyons' hain, 'agni' usaka yamaj bhaee hai aur 'marut' usaka sahayogi hai.
  • vishnu ne vritr ke vadh men indr ki sahayata ki thi.
  • rigved men indr ko samast snsar ka svami bataya gaya hai. usaka priy ayuddh 'bajr' hai isalie unhen 'bajrabahoo' bhi kaha gaya hai.

agni

  • rigved men doosara mahattvapoorn devata 'agni' tha, jisaka kam tha manushy aur devata ke madhy madhyasth ki bhoomika nibhana.
  • agni ke dvara hi devataon ko ahutiyan di jati thin.
  • rigved men qarib 200 sookton men agni ka zikr kiya gaya hai.
  • ve purohiton ke bhi devata the.
  • unaka mool nivas svarg hai, kintu matarishvan (devata) n use prithvi par laya.
  • prithvi par ygy vedi men agni ki sthapana bhriguon evn angirason ne ki. is kary ke karan unhen 'atharvan' kaha gaya hai.
  • vah pratyek ghar men prajvalit hoti thi is karan use pratyek ghar ka atithi mana gaya hai. isaki any upadhiyan 'jatadevas' (char-achar ka gyat hone ke karan), 'bhuvanachakshu' (sarvadrashta hone ke karan), 'hiranyadnt' (surahare danv vala) atharvaved men ise pratah kal uchit hone vala mitr aur sanyakal ko varun kaha gaya hai.

varun

  • tisara sthan 'varun' ka mana jata hai, jise samudr ka devata, vishv ke niyamak aur shasak saty ka pratik, ritu parivartan evn din-rat ka karta-dharta, akash, prithvi evn soory ka nirmata ke roop men jana jata hai.
  • rigved men varun ko vayu ka sans kaha gaya hai.
  • varun dev lok men sabhi sitaron ka marg nirdharit karate hain.
  • inhen asur bhi kaha jata hain. inaki stuti lagabhag 30 sooktiyon men ki gayi hai.
  • devataon ke tin vargo (prithvi sthan, vayu sthan aur akash sthan) men varun ka sarvochch sthan hai.
  • varun devata devataon ke devata hai.
  • rigved ka 7 van mandal varun devata ko samarpit hai.
  • dand ke roop men logon ko 'jalodar rog' se pidit karate the.

dyau

'dyau' (akash) ko rigvaidikakalin devon men sabase prachin mana jata hai. tatpashchath prithvi bhi donon dyava-prithvi ke nam se jane jate the. akash ko sarvashreshth devata ke roop men tatha som ko vanaspati devata ke roop men mana jata tha.

som devata

  • rigved ke naven mandal ke sabhi 144 sookt som devata ka samarpit hai.
  • ye chandrama se sambandhit devata the.
  • inaki tulana eeran men 'hom devata' tatha yoonan men 'dianasis' se ki gayi hai.
  • 'oosha' ko pragati evn utthan ke devata ke roop men, 'ashvin' vipattiyon ko harane vale devata ke roop men ullekh kiya gaya hai.

ashvin

  • ashvini ek kalyanakari devata the.
  • ashvini ka svaroop yugal roop men tha.
  • ashvini pooshan ke pita aur oosha ke bhaee the.
  • ashvini ko 'nasanty' bhi kaha jata hai.
  • ashvini chikitsa ke devata the. apng vyakti ko kritrim pair pradan karate the. durghatanagrast nav ke yatriyon ki raksha karate the. yuvatiyon ke lie var ki talash karate the.
  • 'pooshan' ko pashuon ke devata ke roop men snbodhit kiya gaya hai.

pooshan

  • yah bhi soory ke sambaddh devata the.
  • pooshan ke rath ko bakare khichaten the.

vishnu

  • vishnu tin qadam ke devata the.
  • vishnu ko vishv ke snrakshak aur palanakarta ke roop men mana jata tha.

rudr

  • rudr ugr devata tha.
  • ugr roop men 'rudr' tatha mngalakari roop men shiv tha.
  • atharvaved men ise 'bhoopati' 'nilodar', 'lohit prishth' tatha 'nilakanth' kaha gaya hai.
  • rudr ko 'kritavas' (khal dharan karane vala) bhi kaha gaya hai.

mitr

tvashdra

  • tvashdra dhatuon ke devata hain.
  • tvashdra ary-sandhi aur vivah ke devata hain.

vivastan

  • rigved men ise devataon ke janak kaha jata gaya.
  • rigved men 'oosha', 'aditi', 'soorya' jaise deviyon ka ullekh hai.

prithvi

  • yah devi thi.
  • ise tin vargon men rakha gaya tha.

ap

  • apsaraon ke roop men devi thi.
  • aditi prithvi ke vishal svaroop ka daivikaran thi.

aranyani

  • yah van devi thi. isaka pratham ullekh rikh snhitaon men milata hai.
  • isake atirikt any rigvaidik deviyon men vakh, ila, sarasvati, mahi, purandhi, dhishana, nisha, indrani, kuhoo, prashni adi thi.
  • rigved men kuchh any devata bhi the. jaise - vishvadev, aryaman, tatha 'rit' ki snkalpana men vishvas hai.
  • rith ek prakar ki naitik vyavastha thi jisase vishv men suvyavastha tatha pratishtha sthapit hoti hai.
  • 'varun' ko 'rith' ka snrakshak bataya gaya hai. rith ka palan puny tha, usake palan n n karane par varun devata dvara dandit kiye jane ka ullekh milata hai.

poojan vidhi

is samay devon ka pooja ki pradhan vidhi thi - stuti path karana evn ygy men bali chadhana. bali ya ygyahuti men jau evn shak ka prayog kiya jata tha. rigved men bahudevavad, ekatmavad ev ekeshvaravad ka ullekh milata hai. devataon ki bahulata evn karmakandon ki jatilata se thakakar kuchh samay bad rigvaidik logon ne devataon ki snkhya kam karane ke lie unaka snyuktikaran karane lage. jaise dyava-prithvi, oosha-ratri, mitra-varun adi. yahi bhavana ekeshvaravad ki or agrasar huee. is samay mndir ya moorti pooja ka koee praman nahin mila hai. rigved ke naradiy sookt men nirmanu brahm ka varnan prapt hota hai.

vaidik dharm ki visheshatayen

  • char ashramon ka samaj tha,
  • char ashramon ka vyaktigat jivan tha,
  • yam aur niyamon ka palan kiya jata tha,
  • ygy ki pradhanata thi, indr, varun, agni, som, soory, chndr, ashvin, usha, rudr, maroot, prithvi, samudr, sarasvati aur vagdevi ki upasana-ye vaidik dharm ke pramukh stnbh hain.
  • dharm ko abhyuday aur ni:shreyas ka sadhan mana jata tha.
  • vaidik dharm sanpradayik snkirnata se grast n hokar sarvabhaum dharm raha hai.
  • kalantar men upanishad-kal men ygy aur karmakand men kami a gee aur tap aur gyan ka mahattv badh gaya. phir bhi dharm, arth, kam aur moksh ko vaidik dharm men sada jivan ka lakshy mana gaya.
  • rigvaidik ary punarjanm ko manate the, is kal men dev pooja ke sath pitripooja ka bhi ullekh milata hai.
  • rigved men kahi bhi ygy kary sampann karane ke lie ke manushy ki bali ka zikr nahin hai.
  • rigved ke naradiy sookt men nirgun brahm ka varnan prapt hota hai svarg ki manoram kalpana milati hai. narak ki kalpana dushkirmiyon ke lie dandasthan ke roop men ki gayi hai.
  • rigvaidik rishiyon ka jivan ke prati drishtikon poornataya ashavadi tha.
  • devataon ki stuti ka uddeshy bhautik sukhon ki prapti tha n ki moksh ki prapti.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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