उदासी सम्प्रदाय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

udasi sampraday sikkh dharm ke sampradayon men se ek hai. udasi sampraday ka prarambh lagabhag 1439 ee. men hua tha. isake pravartak nanak ke putr shrichandr the. sikkhon ke mukhy roop se do sampraday hain- 'sahijadhari' aur 'sinh'. sahijadhariyon evn sinhon ke bhi kee up-sampraday hain. udasi (sannyasamargi) sahijadhari shakha ke hain. udasi snpraday ke sadhu sansarik baton ki or se vishesh roop se tatasth rahate ae hain aur inaki bholi bhali evn sadi ahinsatmak pravritti ke karan inhen sikh guru amaradas tatha govindasinh ne jain dharm dvara prabhavit aur akarmany tak man liya tha. parntu guru haragovind ke putr baba guranditta ne snpraday ke sngathan evn vikas men sahayog diya aur tab se isaka adhik prachar bhi hua.

  • shrichandr ne guru nanak dev ke mat ko kuchh vyapak roop dekar yah naya mat chalaya tha, jo sanatani hinduon ke nikat hai.
  • udasi, jo ki snskrit ke 'udas' shabd se aya hai, isaka arth hai- 'parityag karana' ya 'vairagy lena'. is pnth men sadasyon ke brahmachary aur sannyas ko zaroori mana jata hai.
  • chhathe sikkh guru haragobind sinh ke bade putr baba guruditta ke netritv men is snpraday ne sikkhon ke grihakshetr pnjab ke uttar aur poorv men dharm pracharak ka kary kiya. unhonne 'khalasa' ke pratik panch kakar- 'kesh', 'kngha', 'kripan', 'kachchha' aur 'kada'- ko nahin apanaya.[1]
  • udasi pnth ke log bal katavate hain aur unhen dadhi banane ki ijazat hoti hai.
  • is pnth ke log lal rng ke kapade pahanate hain tatha jati soochak namon, janeoo aur amataur par hindoo sannyasiyon se judi prarthana pustakon ka upayog karate hain.
  • udasi pnth ke anuyayiyon ka amritasar, pnjab men pramukh sikkh mndir, svarn mndir (haramndir) ke bagal men apana alag mndir hai.

shakhaen

isaki char pradhan shakhaon men:-

  1. phool sahibabali bahadurapur ki shakha,
  2. baba hasan ki anndapur ke nikatavarti charanakaul ki shakha,
  3. alamast sahab ki puri namak nainital ki shakha, tatha
  4. govindasahab ki shikarapuravali shakha prasaddhi hain

ye shakhaen ek doosari se svatntr bhi jan padati hain. viliyam kuk ne is snpraday ko nanakashahi pnth ka nam dekar usake mukhy gurudvare ka dehara men hona batalaya hai; phir unhonne yah bhi kaha hai ki poorvi bharat ke antargat isaki 370 gaddiyon ka paya jana kaha jata hai. snpraday ke log adhikatar malava, jalndhar, phirojapur, kashi evn rohatak men hi pae jate hain aur unamen se bahut se bhramanashil roop men hi dikh padate hain. udasiyon ke akhadon athava snpraday ki vividh shakhaon ko bhi pray: 'dhuni' va 'dhuvan' ka nam diya jata hai. isake anuyayiyon men yah bhi prasiddh hai ki isake kabul sthit kendr men ab bhi ek aisi dhuni jal rahi hai jise svayn shrichndr ji ne prajvalit kiya tha.

parichay

udasi log ya to naga hua karate hain jinake namon ke age 'das' ya 'sharan' ki upadhi lagi rahati hai ya ve 'paramahns' hote hain aur unake namon ke sath 'annd' shabd juda rahata hai, kintu is niyam ka palan kadachit sarvatr nahin dikh padata. naga logon ke pahanave ka vastr bahut kam raha karata hai, ve apane sharir par bhasm ka prayog bhi adhik kare hain tatha bade-bade bal aur 'seli' rakha karate hain. jahan unaki shvet, lal va kali lngoti ki jagah paramahnson ka pahanava gairik vastron ka raha karata hai aur ve adhik sade aur mukhtimund bhi rahate hain, vahan bhasm dharan karana aur kabhi-kabhi rudraksh ki mala pahanana bhi in donon vargon ke sadhuon men paya jata hai. bhasm va vibhooti ke prati is snpraday ke anuyayiyon ki badi shraddha rahati hai aur ve ise pray: bade yatn ke sath surakshit bhi rakha karate hain. diksha ke samay guru inhen nahalakar bhasm laga diya karata hai aur inhen apana charanodak deta hai jisaka ye pan kar lete hain. tatpashchath‌ inhen koee naya nam diya jata hai aur dikshamntr dvara dikshit kar diya jata hai. udasiyon ka priy mntr 'charan sadhu ka dho-dho piyo. aram sadhu ko apana jiyo hai. ye, ek doosare se bhent hone par, sadharanat: Om namo brahmane kahakar abhivadan karate hain. ye log sikhon ke poojy 'adigrnth' ko vishesh mahatv dete hain aur ghnta ghadiyal bajakar usaki arati kiya karate hain. inake yahan hinduon ke anek vraton evn tyoharon ka bhi prachalan ho gaya hai, kintu inaka ek vishisht utsav shrichndr ji ki jaynti ke roop men bhi manaya jata hai.

darshanik vicharadhara

udasiyon ki darshanik vicharadhara dashanamiyon se bahut milati julati hai aur vah, isi karan, gyanapradhan bhi kahi ja sakati hai. parntu dashanami log jahan apane ko pray: 'smart' manate hain vahan udasi apane ko 'shraut' kaha karate hain. inaki kashi, vrindavan evn haridvar jaise kuchh sthanon men prithakh‌ pathashalaen chalati hai jahan adhikatar snskrit bhasha men rachit dharmik grnthon ka adhyapan hota hai. inaki vrindavanavali pathashala ka ek nam 'vrindavan shraut muni ashram' prasiddh hai. yadyapi dashanami sadhuon ki bhanti ye log shiv ko adhik mahatv nahin dete, phir bhi ye pray: 'tripund' dharan karate hain aur vaise hi kamndalu bhi rakhate hain. inake yahan stri udasi athava udasiniyon ki snkhya atynt kam dikh padati hai. is snpraday ke anuyayiyon par samay pakar any anek snpradayon ka nyoonadhik prabhav pad chuka hai aur ye katipay sudharon ki or bhi akrisht hote jan padate hain.[2]

not:- 'udasi' nam ke sath kuchh snpraday bhi milate hain, jaise 'udasi kabir' adi, kintu unase inaka koee pratyaksh snbndh nahin hai.[3]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat gyanakosh, khand-1 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli aur paaupyular prakashan, mumbee |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 232 |
  2. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 98 |
  3. sn.grn.-ji.es. ghuraye : indiyan sadhooz, d papular buk dipo, bnbee, 1953; viliyam kuk : e glaausari ee.bha.bha. 4; parashuram chaturvedi : uttari bharat men sntaparnpara (lidar pres, prayag, sn. 2008); sitaram chaturvedi : jayasadhuvela (sadhuvela ashram, 259, bhadaini, banaras, vi. 2009).

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