अमृतसर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amritasar
Golden-Temple-Amritsar-3.jpg
vivaran pashchimottar bharat men sthit amritasar pakistani sima par, pnjab ka sabase bada nagar hai.
rajy pnjab
zila amritasar
sthapana 1577 men sikkhon ke chauthe guru ramadas dvara sthapit
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 31°38′ - poorv- 74°52
marg sthiti amritasar dilli se 469 kimi door sthit hai.
prasiddhi amritasar svarn mndir v jaliyanvala bag ke lie vishv prasiddh hai.
kaise pahunchen amritasar havaee jahaz, rel, bas v kar se pahuncha ja sakata hai.
havaee adda shri guru ram das ji antararashtriy havaee adde
relave steshan amritasar relave steshan
bas adda bas adda, amritasar
yatayat taiksi, aauto riksha, riksha
kya dekhen amritasar paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, atithi grah, dharmashala
kya khayen amritasar ke vynjan poore vishv men prasiddh hain. yahan ka bana samish bhojan, makke ki roti, sarason ka sag aur lassi bahut prasiddh hai.
es.ti.di. kod 0183
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr
any janakari aitihasik samay men sikkhon ke adiguru nanak ne bhi is sthan ke prakritik saunndary se akrisht hokar yahan kuchh der ke lie ek vriksh ke niche vishram tatha dhyan kiya tha.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
amritasar shahar, zile ka prashasanik mukhyalay, pnjab rajy, pashchimottar bharat men sthit hai. amritasar pakistani sima par, pnjab ka sabase bada nagar hai. yah guru ramadas ka dera hua karata tha. amritasar anek trasadiyon aur dardanak ghatanaon ka gavah raha hai. bharatiy svatntrata sngram ka sabase bada narasnhar amritasar ke jaliyanvala bag men hi hua tha. isake bad bharat-pakistan ke bich jo bntavara hua us samay bhi amritasar men bada hatyakand hua.
jaliyanvala bag, amritasar
yahin nahin afagan aur mugal shasakon ne isake oopar anek akraman kie aur isako barbad kar diya. isake bavajood sikkhon ne apane dridh snkalp aur mazaboot ichchhashakti se dobara isako basaya. halanki amritasar men samay ke sath kafi badalav ae hain lekin aj bhi amrisatar ki garima barakarar hai.

sthapana

sima se lagabhag 50 kimi door sthit amritasar ek pramukh vyaparik v sanskritik kendr hai. 1577 men sikkhon ke chauthe guru ramadas ne amrit saras namak ek pavitr sarovar, jisake nam par is shahar ka namakaran hua, ke kinare amritasar ki sthapana ki thi. is talab ke thik madhy men tapoo par ek mndir banaya gaya tha, jisake tanbe ke gunbad ko bad men svarn-pataron se madh diya gaya, is mndir ka nam haramndir sahab ya svarn mndir rakha gaya. ab amritasar sikkh dharm ka kendr ban gaya hai. ubharati huee sikkh shakti ke kendr ke sath-sath yah shahar vyapar ke kshetr men bhi mahattvapoorn banata gaya.

itihas

1849 men amritasar ko british bharat men mila diya gaya. 13 aprail 1919 ko shahar ke jis jaliyanvala bag men ek rajanitik sabha par british sena ne andhadhundh goliyan chalakar 379 logon ki hatya kar di thi tatha isase bhi adhik logon ko ghayal kar diya tha, use ab rashtriy smarak bana diya gaya hai. 1984 men amritasar men ek aur hinsak rajanitik sngharsh hua, jab svarn mndir men morchabnd saikadon sikkh alagavavadiyon par bharatiy sena ne hamala kiya. paraspar virodhi sootron ke anusar, is sngharsh men 450 se 1,200 log mare gaye the.

bagha baaurdar, amritasar

kinvadanti hai, ki ramayan kal men amritasar ke sthan par ek ghana van tha, jahan ek sarovar bhi sthit tha. shriramachandr ke putr lav aur kush akhet ke lie ek bar yahan par akar sarovar ke tir par kuchh samay ke lie thahare the. aitihasik samay men sikkhon ke adiguru nanak ne bhi is sthan ke prakritik saunndary se akrisht hokar yahan kuchh der ke lie ek vriksh ke niche vishram tatha dhyan kiya tha. yah vriksh vartaman sarovar ke nikat aj bhi dikhaya jata hai. tisare guru ramadas ne nanakadev ka is sthan se sambandh hone ke karan yahan ek mandir banavane ka vichar kiya. 1564 ee. men chauthe guru ramadas ne vartaman amritasar nagar ki ninv dali aur svayn bhi yahan par akar rahane lage. is samay is nagar ko ramadasapur ya chak-ramadas kahate the. 1577 men mugal samrat akabar ne ramadas ko 500 bigha bhoomi nagar ko basane ke lie di, jo unhonne tung ke zamidaron ko 700 rupaye akabari dekar kharidi. kaha jata hai, ki sarovar ke pavitr jal men snan karane se ek kauve ke par shvet ho ge the aur kodhi ka rog jata raha tha. is dantakatha se akrisht hokar sahasron log yahan ane-jane lage aur nagar ki abadi bhi badhane lagi.

yatayat aur parivahan

vayu marg

amritasar ka raja sansi havaee adda dilli se achchhi tarah juda hua hai.

rel marg

dilli se tatanagar-jammootavi eksaprais aur goldan tempal mel (svarn mndir eksaprais) dvara asani se amritasar relave steshan pahuncha ja sakata hai.

sadak marg
  • apani kar se bhi graind trnk (ji.ti.) rod dvara asani se amritasar pahuncha ja sakata hai.
  • isake alava dilli ke kashmiri get bas adde se bhi amritasar ke lie basen jati hain.

krishi aur khanij

5,088 varg kimi kshetr men phaile amritasar zile ki bhoomi lagabhag samataliy hai, jo ravi v vyas nadiyon dvara apavahit hoti hai. poori tarah se shushk jalavayu hone ke karan is shahar ki kheti sinchaee par nirbhar hai, jo mukhyat: apari bari doab nahar pranali se ki jati hai. gehoon, kapas, dalahan v makka yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain.

khanapan

amritasar ke vynjan poore vishv men prasiddh hain. yahan ka bana chikan, makke ki roti, sarason ka sag aur lassi bahut prasiddh hai. khane-pine ke shauqin logon ke lie pnjab svarg mana jata hai. darabar sahib ke darshan karane ke bad adhikatar shraddhalu bhije bhathur, rasili jalebi aur any vynjanon ka annd lene ke lie bharavan ke dhabe par jate hain. yahan ki speshal thali bhi bahut prasiddh hai. isake alava larens rod ki tikki, aloo-poori aur aloo paranthe bahut prasiddh hain.

svarn mndir, amritasar

udyog aur vyapar

amritasar ke vividh udyogon men vastr, khady nirman v prasnskaran, resham bunaee, charmashodhan v dabba paiking udyog shamil hain.

shikshan snsthan

medikal kaaulej ke alava amritasar men dental, kala v injiniyaring kaaulej hain aur isake thik bahar khalasa kaaulej (1899 men sthapit) hai.

janasnkhya

amritasar nagar nigam kshetr ki (2001 ki janaganana ke anusar) kul janasnkhya 9,75,695 aur amritasar zile ki kul janasnkhya 30,74,207 hai.

paryatan

svarn mndir amritasar ka dil mana jata hai. amritasar ka itihas gauravamayi hai. yah apani snskriti aur ladaiyon ke lie bahut prasiddh raha hai. amritasar pnjab ka sabase mahattvapoorn aur pavitr shahar mana jata hai. pavitr isalie mana jata hai kyonki sikhon ka sabase bada gurudvara svarn mndir amritasar men hi hai. tajamahal ke bad sabase zyada paryatak amritasar ke svarn mndir ko hi dekhane ate hain. amritasar men kee paryatan sthal hai.


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