अकबर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar sanh 1542 (lagabhag)[1]
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar sanh 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam uz-zamani (harakhabaee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
upadhi jalal-ud-din
rajy sima uttar aur madhy bharat
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605
sha. avadhi 49 varsh
rajyabhishek 14 farabari 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
dharmik manyata naya mazahab banaya din-e-ilahi
yuddh panipat, haldighati
sudhar-parivartan jaziya hataya, rajapooton se vivah snbndh
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
vnsh taimoor aur chngez khan ka vnsh
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal

jalal uddin muhammad akabar (angrezi: Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, janm: 15 aktoobar, 1542 ee. amarakot[1] - mrityu: 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee. agara) bharat ka mahanatam mugal shnhashah (shasanakal 1556 - 1605 ee.) tha, jisane mugal shakti ka bharatiy upamahadvip ke adhikansh hisson men vistar kiya. apane samrajy ki ekata banae rakhane ke lie akabar dvara aisi nitiyan apanaee geen, jinase gair musalamanon ki rajabhakti jiti ja sake. bharat ke itihas men aj akabar ka nam kafi prasiddh hai. usane apane shasanakal men sabhi dharmon ka samman kiya tha, sabhi jati-vargon ke logon ko ek saman mana aur unase apane mitrata ke sambandh sthapit kiye. akabar ne apane shasanakal men sare bharat ko ek samrajy ke antargat lane ka prayas kiya, jisamen vah kafi had tak saphal bhi raha.

Seealso.gifakabar ka ullekh in lekhon men bhi hai: humayoon, jahangir, din-e-ilahi, akabaranama, ain-i-akabari, tanasen, todaramal, birabal evn baijoo bavara

parichay

akabar ka janm 15 aktoobar, 1542 ee. (19 isaphandaramij ravivar, rajab hijari ka din ya vikram snvat 1599 ke kartik mas ki chhathi)[1] ko 'hamida banoo' ke garbh se amarakot ke rana virasal ke mahal men hua tha. ajakal kitane hi log amarakot ko umarakot samajhane ki galati karate hain. vastut: yah ilaka rajasthan ka abhinn ang tha. aj bhi vahan hindoo rajapoot basate hain. registan aur sindh ki sima par hone ke karan angrezon ne ise sindh ke sath jod diya aur vibhajan ke bad vah pakistan ka ang ban gaya.

mata-pita se bichhudana

humayoon apane khoye hue rajy ko phir se prapt karane ke lie sngharsharat tha. tabhi vah eeran ke tahamasp ki sahayata prapt karane ke khyal se kndhar ki or chala. badi mushkil se sehavan par usane sindh par kiya, phir balochistan ke raste kveta ke dakshin mastng sthan par pahuncha, jo ki kndhar ki sima par tha. is samay yahan par usaka chhota bhaee askari apane bhaee kabul ke shasak kamaran ki or se hukoomat kar raha tha. humayoon ko khabar mili ki, askari hamala karake usako pakadana chahata hai. mukabala karane ke lie adami nahin the. jara-si bhi der karane se kam bigadane vala tha. usake pas men ghodon ki bhi kami thi. usane tardi beg se manga, to usane dene se inkar kar diya. humayoon, hamida banoo ko apane pichhe ghode par bithakar pahadon ki or bhaga. usake jate der nahin lagi ki askari do hazar savaron ke sath pahunch gaya. humayoon sal bhar ke shishu akabar ko le jane men asamarth hua. vah vahin dere men chhoot gaya. askari ne bhatije ke oopar gussa nahin utara aur use jauhar adi ke hath achchhi tarah se kndhar le gaya. kndhar men askari ki patni sultan begam vatsaly dikhalane ke lie taiyar thi.

shiksha

akabar ajivan nirakshar raha. pratha ke anusar char varsh, char mahine, char din par akabar ka akshararambh hua aur mulla asamuddin ibrahim ko shikshak banane ka saubhagy prapt hua. kuchh dinon ke bad jab path sunane ki bari aee, to vahan kuchh bhi nahin tha. humayoon ne socha, mulla ki beparavahi se ladaka padh nahin raha hai. logon ne bhi jad diya-“mulla ko kabootarabazi ka bahut shauq hai. usane shagird ko bhi kabootaron ke mele men laga diya hai”. phir mulla bayajid shikshak hue, lekin koee bhi phal nahin nikala. donon purane mullaon ke sath maulana abdul kadir ke nam ko bhi shamil karake chitthi dali gee. snyog se maulana ka nam nikal aya. kuchh dinon tak vah bhi padhate rahe. kabul men rahate akabar ko kabootarabazi aur kutton ke sath khelane se phursat nahin thi. hindustan men aya, tab bhi vahin raphtar bedhngi rahi. mulla pir muhammad-bairam khan ke vakil ko yah kam saunpa gaya. lekin akabar ne to kasam kha li thi ki, bap padhe n ham.

rajyabhishek

1551 ee. men matr 9 varsh ki avastha men pahali bar akabar ko gazani ki soobedari saunpi gee. humayoon ne hindustan ki punarvijay ke samay munim khan ko akabar ka snrakshak niyukt kiya. sikandar soor se akabar dvara sarahind ko chhin lene ke bad humayoon ne 1555 ee. men use apana ‘yuvaraj’ ghoshit kiya. dilli par adhikar kar lene ke bad humayoon ne akabar ko lahaur ka garvanar niyukt kiya, sath hi akabar ke snrakshak munim khan ko apane doosare ladake mirza hakim ka angarakshak niyukt kar, turk senapati bairam khan ko akabar ka snrakshak niyukt kiya.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 akabaranama |lekhak: shekh abul phajal |anuvadak: daau. mathuralal sharma |prakashak: radha pablikeshan, nee dilli |prishth snkhya: 1 |

snbndhit lekh


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