अकबर का कला और साहित्य में योगदान  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar vishay soochi
akabar ka kala aur sahity men yogadan
akabar
poora nam jalaluddin muhammad akabar
janm 15 aktoobar san 1542 (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi amarakot, sindh (pakistan)
mrityu tithi 27 aktoobar, san 1605 (umr 63 varsh)
mrityu sthan fatehapur sikari, agara
pita/mata humayoon, mariyam maqani
pati/patni mariyam-uzh-zamani (haraka baee)
sntan jahangir ke alava 5 putr 7 betiyan
shasan kal 27 janavari, 1556 - 27 aktoobar, 1605 ee.
rajyabhishek 14 faravari, 1556 kalanapur ke pas guradasapur
yuddh panipat, haldighati
rajadhani fatehapur sikari agara, dilli
poorvadhikari humayoon
uttaradhikari jahangir
rajagharana mugal
maqabara sikandara, agara
snbndhit lekh mugal kal

solahavin shatabdi ke madhy men bharat men musavvarakhanon ki halat bikhari huee thi. chahe kee pustaken bngal, mandoo aur golakunda ke kalakaron ke hathon chitrit huee thin. rajapoot darabar men snskrit aur hindi ki kee pandulipiyan chitrit huee thin aur jain chitr usi tarah gujarat aur rajasthan men ban rahe the. us samay badashah akabar ne kalakaron ke lie bahut bada sthan taiyar karavaya aur kalakar door-door se agara ane lage, bharat ki rajadhani men.

  • akabar ke is bahut bade tasvirakhana men se jo pahali kitab taiyar huee vah thi- 'totinama'.
  • akabar ki saraparasti men jo bahut bada kam hua, vah tha—hamazanama. yah hazarat muhammad ke chacha amirahamaza ke jngi karanamon ki dastan hai jo chaudah jildon men taratib di gayi. har jild men ek sau chitr the. yah sooti kapade ke tukadon par chitrit ki gee thi aur ise mukammal soorat dete hue pandrah baras lage.
  • jarin-kalam़ ka arth hai sunahari kalam. yah ek kitab thi jo akabar badashah ne kailigraphi़ ke mahir ek kalakar muhammad husain al kashmiri ko di gee thi.
  • ambari qalam़ bhi ek kitab thi jo akabar ne abdul rahim ko di thi. mahabharat, ramayan, harivnsh, yogavashishth aur atharvaved jaise kee grnthon ka farasi se anuvad bhi badashah akabar ne karaya tha.
  • razam-nama mahabharat farasi anuvad ka nam hai jisaka anuvad vidvanh brahmanon ki madad se badayoonni jaise itihasakaron ne kiya tha, 1582 men aur use farasi ke shayar faizi ne shayarana juban di thi.
  • raj kunvar kisi hindoo kahani ko lekar farasi men likhi huee kitab hai jisake lekhak ne gumanam rahana pasnd kiya tha. isaki ikyavan penting salim ke ilahabad vale tasvir khane men taiyar huee thin.[1]

abul fazal ka vargikaran

abul fazal ne arastu dvara ullikhit 4 tatvon ag, vayu, jal, bhoomi ko samrat akabar ki sharir rachana men samavesh mana. abul fazal ne yoddhaon ki tulana agni se, shilpakaron evn vyapariyon ki tulana vayu se, vidvanon ki tulana pani se evn kisanon ki tulana bhoomi se ki. shahi karmachariyon ka vargikaran karate hue abul fazal ne umara varg ki agni se, rajasv adhikariyon ki vayu se, vidhi vetta, dharmik adhikari, jyotishi, kavi evn darshanik ki pani se evn badashah ke vyaktigat sevakon ki tulana bhoomi se ki hai.

abul fazal ne aine akabari men likha hai ki, ‘badashahat ek aisi kiran hai, jo sampoorn brahmand ko prakashit karane men saksham hai.’ ise samasamayik bhasha men pharre-ijadi kaha gaya hai. soofi mat men apani astha jatate hue akabar ne chishti sampraday ko ashray diya. akabar ne sabhi dharmon ke prati apani sahishnuta ki bhavana ke karan apane shasanakal men agara evn lahaur men eesaeeyon ko girijaghar banavane ki anumati pradan ki. akabar ne jain dharm ke jainachary harivijay soori ko jagath guru ki upadhi pradan ki. kharatar-gachchh sampraday ke jainachary jinachandr soori ko akabar ne 200 bigha bhoomi jivan nirvah hetu pradan ki. samrat parasi tyauhar evn snvath men vishvas karata tha. akabar par sarvadhik prabhav hindoo dharm ka pada. akabar ne ballabhachary ke putr vitthalanath ko gokul aur jaitapura ki jagir pradan ki. akabar ne sikkh guru ramadas ko 500 bigha bhoomi pradan ki. isamen ek prakritik talab tha. bad men yahin par amritasar nagar basaya gaya aur svarn mandir ka nirman hua.


pichhe jaen
akabar ka kala aur sahity men yogadan
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. aksharon ki rasalila (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 30 apral, 2010.

snbndhit lekh


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