मुग़लकालीन संगीत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mugalakalin bharatiy sngit apane samay se hi kafi prasiddh raha hai. hindoo tatha musalaman donon ne hi milakar is kshetr men kam kiya tha. mugal kal men sngit ko kitane hi kaviyon aur gayakon ne apane suron aur madhur avaz se sajaya-snvara. mugal kal se hi bharatiy sngit ne apani bulandiyon ki oonchaiyon ko chhua. tanasen, jo ki akabar ke navaratnon men se ek tha. tanasen ke bare men kaha jata hai ki unhonne kee ragon ki rachana ki. akabar, jahangir aur shahajahan ke samay men bharatiy sngit ki nee-nee shailiyon ka vikas hua. "dhrupad gayan" is samay apane charam par tha.

akabar ka snrakshan

sngit ke kshetr men akabar ke samay ek prasiddh sngitgy 'tanasen' usake navaratnon men se ek tha. akabar ke samay men 'dhrupad' gayan shaili evn 'vina' (vina) ka prachar hua. tanasen ke atirikt any dhrupad gayak the- 'baij bakhsh', 'gopal', 'haridas', sooradas adi. abul fazal ke anusar 36 gayak akabar ke snrakshan men darabar men the. unamen sarvadhik prasiddh 'tanasen' evn 'baj bahadur' the. tanasen ne raja manasinh dvara sthapit gvaliyar ke 'sngit vidyalay' men shiksha prapt ki thi. unake guru haridas the. abul fazal ne tanasen ke bare men likha hai ki, "usake jaisa gayak hazar varshon men koee nahin hua." tanasen ne gvaliyar ke soofi sant 'muhammad gaus' ki prerana se islam dharm angikar kar liya tha.

tanasen ki rachanaen

akabar ne tanasen ko 'kanthabharanavanivilas' ki upadhi di thi. kalantar men 'dhrupad gayan shaili' ka sthan 'khyal gayan shaili' ne grahan kar liya. tanasen ki pramukh rachanaen thin - 'miyan ki todi', 'miyan ki malhar', 'miyan ki sarng', 'darabari kanhadi' adi. 'ram sagar' grnth ki rachana akabar ke darabar men ki gayi. akabar ke samay ke mahattvapoorn kalakar (sngit) malava ke shasak bajabahadur ke vishay men abul fazal ne kaha hai ki, "vah sngit, vigyan evn hindi git men apane samay ka sarvashreshth vyakti tha."

jahangir ka snrakshan

jahangir ke darabar ke pramukh kalakaron men 'tanasen' ke putr 'vilas khan', 'chhattar khan' evn 'hamajan' the. ek gazal gayak 'shauki' ko jahangir ne 'anand khan' ki upadhi di. shahajahan ne 'vilas khan' ke damad 'lal khan' ko 'gun-samundar' ki upadhi di thi.

shahajahan ka snrakshan

shahajahan atyant rasik evn sngit marmgy tha. vah 'divane-khas' men pratidin sngit suna karata tha. vah svayn ek achchha gayak tha. shahajahan ke kal men 'lal khan', 'khushahal khan' evn 'vilas khan' pramukh sngitgy the.

vady premi aurngazeb

aurngazeb ke samay men niahsandeh hi sngit ko ubharane nahin diya gaya, phir bhi usake shasan kal men 'fakirullah' ne 'man kutoohal' ka anuvad 'rag darpan' nam se karake aurngazeb ko arpit kiya. kattar aurngazeb ne sngit ko gadane ke lie jo kuchh kaha tha usake bare men kee kahaniyan hain. adhunik anusndhan se pata chalata hai ki aurngazeb ne gayakon ko apane rajadarabar se bahishkrit kar diya tha. lekin vady sngit par koee rok nahin lagaee thi. yahan tak ki aurngazeb svayn ek kushal vina vadak tha. aurngazeb ne haram ki raniyon tatha usake kee saradaron ne bhi sabhi prakar ke sngit ko badhava diya. isilie aurngazeb ke shasanakal men bharatiy shastriy sngit par badi snkhya men pustakon ki rachana ki gee. sngit ke kshetr men sabase mahattvapoorn vikas atharahavin shatabdi men muhammadashah (1720-48 ee.) ke shasanakal men hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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