आइना-ए-अकबरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aina-e-akabari
'akabaranama' ka avaran prishth
lekhak abul fazal
mool shirshak akabaranama
desh bharat
bhasha farasi
vishay yah mahanh kriti bharat ke parichay ke liy vishesh roop se moolyavan hai. is grnth men shasan ke sabhi angon par prakash dalane ke sath-sath hinduon ki samajik sthiti, unake dharm, darshan, sahity adi ka bhi ullekh hai.
vishesh 'aina-e-akabari' abul fazal dvara rachit 'akabaranama' ka hi ek bhag hai. 'akabaranama' tin bhagon men hai, jisamen se tisare bhag ko 'aina-e-akabari' kahate hain.

aina-e-akabari abul fazal dvara rachit 'akabaranama' ka hi ek bhag hai. abul fazal mugal badashah akabar ke darabar ka vidvanh vyakti tha. usaki yah mahanh kriti bharat ke parichay ke liy mahattvapoorn hai. ise lekhak ne lagabhag hijari 1006 (1597-98 ee.) men samapt kiya. isamen har ek soobe, zile aur paraganon tak ke ankade die hue hain. tatkalin any itihas grnthon se yah isaki ek aur visheshata hai.

"bharatiy sahity men 'aina-e-akabari' kora itihas hi nahin hai. isamen akabari yug ke jivan samaj, rajy vyavastha, snskriti adi ke bare men bahut sari janakari milati hai. abul fajal ki is kriti ke bal par hi ham akabari yug ke itihas aur janajivan ke bare men itani adhik baten janate hain. bad men bharat par shasan karane vale angrezon ko apane gajetiyar taiyar karane men abul fajal ki is kriti se badi sahayata mili."[1]

bhag

'aina-e-akabari', 'akabaranama' ka hi bhag hai. 'akabaranama' tin bhagon men hai, jisamen se tisare bhag ko 'aina-e-akabari' kahate hain. 'aina-e-akabari' ke bhi apane ap men panch bhag hain. 'akabaranama' men taimoor se lekar akabar aur usaki sntan aur akabar ke jivan kal men usake pote adi ka ghatanakram likha gaya hai. abul fazal ki bhasha kahin-kahin atishayokti poorn hai, jisake karan yah grnth vishalakay ban gaya hai. akabar ke shasanakal men abul fazal dvara likhit yah farasi bhasha ka prasiddh grnth, jo panch bar snshodhan ke uparant 1598 ee. men poora hua. yah akabar ke samay ke rajanitik, arthik aur samajik itihas ke adhyayan ke lie pramanik kosh mana jata hai.

vishayavastu

abul fazal ki yah mahanh kriti bharat ke parichay ke liy vishesh roop se moolyavan hai. ise lekhak ne hijari 1006 (1597-98 ee.) men samapt kiya tha. panch bhagon men vibhakt is grnth men shasan ke sabhi angon par prakash dalane ke sath-sath hinduon ki samajik sthiti, unake dharm, darshan, sahity adi ka bhi ullekh hai. isamen har ek soobe, zile aur paraganon tak ke ankade die hue hain. tatkalin any itihas grnthon se yah isaki ek aur visheshata hai. isake bare men ajad kahate hain- 'isaki tarif varnanatit hai. harek karakhane, harek mamale ka hal, usake jama-kharch ka hal, harek kam ke kayada-kanoon, samrajy ke harek soobe ka hal, usaki sima, kshetraphal isamen likhe hain.

pahale har jagah ke aitihasik hal, phir vahan ka ay-vyay, prakritik aur shailpik upaj adi-adi, vahan ke prasiddh sthan, prasiddh nadiyan, naharen, nale, unake udgam srot, kahan se nikale, kahan se ge, kya labh dete, kahan-kahan khatara hai aur kab unase nukasan pahuncha, adi-adi sena aur sena prabandh, amiron ki soochi, unake darje, naukaron ke bhed, darabari, vidvanon ki soochi, alim aur guni, sngitakar, peshevar, mahatma-sadhu, tapasya karane vale evn majaron aur mndiron ka vivaran, unaki soochi, hindustan ki apani vishesh chijon, hindiyon ke dharm, vidya aur kitani hi aur baten is pustak men di huee hain. 'aina-e-akabari' ki bhasha alnkarik aur bahut kritrim hai. lekin isaka dosh abul fazal ko nahin diya ja sakata, kyonki usi bhasha ko tatkalin vidvanh pasand karate the.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat itihas snskriti aur vigyan |lekhak: gunakar mule |prakashak: rajakamal prakashan |prishth snkhya: 251 |
  2. akabar |lekhak: rahul sankrityayan |prakashak: kitab mahal, ilahabad |prishth snkhya: 293 |

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