बसावन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

basavan (utkarsh- 16vin shatabdi, madhyakalin bharat) ek shreshth mugal chitrakar tha, jisaki khyati ek behatarin rngakar v manav svabhav ke snvedanashali drashta ke roop men hoti thi. usake nam se snket milata hai ki vah adhunik uttar pradesh ki kisi 'ahir' ya 'gvala' jati se tha. basavan ko chitrakala ke sabhi kshetron- rekhankan, rngon ke prayog, chhavi-chitrakari, bhoo-drishyon ke chitran men maharat prapt thi. isalie use akabar ke samay ka sarvotkrisht chitrakar mana jata hai.

  • basavan lagabhag 1580 ee. se 1600 ee. ke dauran sarvadhik sakriy raha. usaka nam 100 se bhi adhik chitrakritiyon ke hashiye par bahudha aise roopankanakar ke roop men maujood hai, jisane apani kriti men ek any kalakar ke sath milakar rng bhara hai.[1]
  • usake putr manohar ne bhi janavaron ke chitr tatha vyakti chitr banane men vishesh prasiddhi paee thi.
  • badashah akabar ke darabari itihasakar abul fazal ne basavan ke bare men likha hai ki- "roopankan v vyakti chitr banane, rng bharane aur mayavi kalakriti banane men vishv men usaka koee sani nahin hai."
  • basavan sthan-snyojan ki khoj, chamakile rngon ki gaharaee v prachurata aur usase bhi badhakar tivr nirikshan tatha snvedanashil aur marmasparshi chitrankan ke lie vikhyat tha. usake thode-se laghuchitron men, jo nishchit hi akele usake dvara banae gaye the, usamen farasi kavi 'jami' ki gady v pady rachana 'baharistan' ko chitrankanat kiya gaya hai. inamen ek maulavi ya dharmik neta ko ek daravesh ko usake ahnkar ke kie dantate hue dikhaya gaya hain.[2]
  • basavan ki sarvotkrisht kriti ek dubale-patale ghode ke sath 'majanoo' ka nirjan evn ujad kshetr men bhatakata hua chitr tha.
  • ek any chitr british sngrahalay men rakha hua 'darab-nama' (deriyas ki kitab) hai.
  • basavan ke bahut-se chitr jayapur ke 'razmanama' (mahabharat ka farasi nam), patana ke 'taimooranama' (taimoor ki kitab), viktoriya v elbart sngrahalay men akabar ke adhikarik itihas ki pratilipi 'akabaranama' men hain.
  • basavan dvara banaye ge chitron men pashchimi prabhav drishtigochar nahin hota, tathapi aisa pratit hota hai ki usane badashah akabar ke darabar men eesaee mishanariyon dvara laye ge yooropiy chitron ka bahut-hi gahan adhyayan kiya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharat gyanakosh, khand-3 |lekhak: indu ramachndani |prakashak: ensaiklopidiya britainika praivet limited, nee dilli |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 349 |
  2. baaudaliyan pustakalay, aauksaford

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