अकबरनामा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabaranama
'akabaranama' ka avaran prishth
lekhak abul fazal
mool shirshak akabaranama
mukhy patr babar aur humayoon
desh bharat
bhasha farasi
vishay akabar ke samay ke itihas ko janane ke liye 'akabaranama' sarvadhik pramanit granth hai.
vishesh 'akabaranama' 'aina-e-akabari' ka hi uttarardh hai, jo abul fazal ki kriti hai. is kriti men do hazar se bhi adhik prishth hain.

akabaranama mugal badashah akabar ke darabari vidvanh abul fazal dvara likha gaya itihas prasiddh grnth hai. 'akabaranama' ka shabdik arth hai- "akabar ki kahani". yah akabar ke shasan kal men likha gaya pramanik itihas hai, kyonki lekhak ko isaki bahut-si baton ki niji janakari thi aur sarakari kagazon tak usaki pahunch thi. yadyapi isamen akabar ke sath kuchh pakshapat kiya gaya hai, tathapi tithiyon aur bhaugolik janakari ke lie yah vishvasaniy hai.

bhasha tatha samagri

'akabaranama' 'aeen akabari' ka hi uttarardh hai, jo abul fazal ki kriti hai. abul fazal mahanh gady lekhak the. abul fazal ki is kriti men do hazar se adhik prishth hain. isaki mool bhasha pharasi jatil aur adambar poorn hai. 'aeen akabari' aur 'akabaranama' men tatkalin itihas aur samaj ki itani vishal samagri ikattha kar di gee hai, jise dekhakar ashchary hota hai aur man nahin karata ki ise sadhe tin sau varsh pahale ka grnth samajha jaye.

'akabaranama' ke sndarbh itihas ke roop men aur mahatvapoorn ho jate hain ki ise likhavane ke poorv akabar ne jo srot upalabdh karaye, unamen rajasthani charan-bhaton aur khyaton bahiyon, shilalekhon adi ki soochanaen bhi sammilit thin. inamen se kee srot kalakshay ho chuke hain. at: abul fazal ke varnan rajasthan ke lie bhi upayogi hain.

bhag

'akabaranama' ke do bhag hain, jo tatkalin itihas ki vibhinn paristhitiyon ka spasht vivaran prastut karate hain. abul fazal ki yah kriti aitihasik drishtikon se bahut hi moolyavan hai. isake do bhagon men vivaran samagri nimn prakar se prastut ki gee hai-

  • pahale bhag men babar, humayoon adi ke bare men likhate hue itihas ko akabar ke 17ven sanajaloos (1573 ee.) tak laya gaya hai.
  • doosare bhag men 18ven sanajaloos se 46ven sanajaloos (1601 ee.) tak ki baten hain.[1]

bhoomika

bhoomika men abul fazal ne likha hai- "main hindi (bharatavasi) hoon, farasi men likhana mera kam nahin hai. bade bhaee ke bharose par yah kam shuroo kiya, aphasos thoda hi likha gaya tha ki unaka dehant ho gaya, das varsh ka hal unaki najar se gujara.

bivarij ka kathan

vidvanh angrezi anuvadak bivarij ne likha hai ki- "yadi koee lekhak parishram karake isake vyarth sthalon ko nikal kar jyon ke tyon rakhakar snkshep kar de to itihas ki badi seva ho."

badashah akabar

jild

lekhak daau. mathura lal sharma ne isi lakshy ko drishti men rakhakar abul fazal ke 'akabaranama' ki tin jildon ki do jild bana di hain, jisamen 707 prishth hain. akabar ke samay ki mahattvapoorn ghatana koee nahin chhodi gee hai aur yatha-sambhav abul fazal ke shabdon men hi unaka varnan hai, parantu bhasha ki jatilata nikalakar saralata kar di gee hai. yatr-tatr lekhak ke chatutapoorn ullekhon ka bhi samavesh kar diya gaya hai, jisase pathakon ko usaki manovritti ka anuman ho sakega. akabar ke samay ke itihas ko janane ke liye 'akabaranama' sarvadhik pramanit granth hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. akabar |lekhak: rahul sankrityayan |prakashak: kitab mahal, ilahabad |prishth snkhya: 293 |
  2. shekh abul phajal krit akabaranama (hindi) www.printsasia.com.

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