दहसाला व्यवस्था  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

akabar ke vittamntri ke roop men raja todaramal ne rajasv ekatr karane ki nayi vyavastha shuroo ki, jo ki 'zabti vyavastha' ya 'dahasala vyavastha' ke nam se jani gayi. is vyavastha men das varsh men huee fasal ki paidavar tatha utpadan lagat ka savadhanipoorvak sarvekshan kiya jata tha. yah vyavastha akabar ke dvara lagoo ki gee thi. isamenn pichhale das sal men utpadit vibhinn fasalon tatha unake ausat mooly ki ganana karake ausat paidavar ka ek tihaee bhag rajy ko de diya jata tha. itihasakaro ka vishvas hai ki yah moolyankan ki vidhi sabase mahatvapoorn thi. is vyavastha ki shurooat sherashah soori ke daur men huee thi. akabar ke shasanakal men is vyavastha ko lagoo karane se pahale isamen anek sudhar kiye gaye the. yah vyavastha akabar ke samrajy ke keval multan, dilli, ilahabad, avadh, agara aur lahaur jaise pramukh rajyonn men hi lagoo thi.

das sal men huee paidavar auऱ utpadan lagat ka bahut hi sartakata aur vyapakata ke sath sarvekshan kiya jata tha. isi vyapak sarve ke adhar par har fasal ka kar nakadi men tay kiya jata tha. har rajy ko rajasv khndonn ya dastoor men batan gaya tha, jinamen har rajy ke kar ki alag-alag daren thin. sabhi ke pas dastoor-e-amal yani apane rajy ki fasalon ki soochi hoti thi. yah vyavastha keval unhin rajyonn men lagoo ki gee thi, jin rajyonn men mugal prashasan sarvekshan kar sakata tha aur unaka rikard rakh sakata tha. isi karan gujarat auऱ bngal men yah vyavastha lagoo nahinn ki gee thi.[1]

visheshataen

itihasakaron ke mutabik prashasanik star par is vyavastha men nimnalikhit visheshatane thinn-

  • nishchit auऱ sthayi dastoor vyavastha ke karan anishchitata aur rajasv ki manng men kami v zyadati lagabhag khatm ho gayi.
  • map ke dvara hamesha zaminonn ki dobara janch ki jati thi v pata lagaya jata tha.
  • nishchit dastoor ke karan sthaniy adhikariyonn ko manamani karane ka koee mauka nahinn milata tha.

simaen

itihasakaron ne zabti vyavastha ki kee simaen bhi batayin hain-

  • prati bigha ka kar zabitana kahalata tha jo ki map ki rakh-rakhav par kharch hota tha, jisase yah vyavastha kaphi kharchili ho jati thi.
  • isamen adhikariyon ke zariye apani shakti ka duroopayog hota tha aur vah jamin ki map men dhokadhadi karate the.
  • yah us samay prayog men nahin ata tha, jab zamin ki utpadak kshamata kam ho jae.
  • yadi fasal ummid ke mutabaki nahin hoti thi to usaka sara nukasan kisan ko uthana padata tha.
  • abul fazal ke mutabik yadi kisan zabti nahin de pata tha to usaki fasal ka ek-tihaee bhag rajasv ke taur par le liya jata tha.[2]
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dahasala vyavastha (hindi) dothebest.in. abhigaman tithi: 24 pharavari, 2020.
  2. dahasala vyavastha (hindi) jagranjosh.com. abhigaman tithi: 24 pharavari, 2020.

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