ज़ेबुन्निसा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

zebunnisa
zebunnisa
poora nam zebunnisa
janm 5 faravari, 1639 ee.
janm bhoomi daulatabad, dakshin bharat
mrityu tithi 1702 ee.
mrityu sthan salimagadh ka qila, dilli
pita/mata pita-aurngazeb, mata-rabiya durrani
dharmik manyata vah soofi pravritti ki dharmaparayan stri thi.
vnsh mugal vnsh
snbndhit lekh mugal samrajy, mugal vnsh, mugal kal, aurngazeb, rabiya durrani.
vishesh zebunnisa ne 14 varsh ki umr se hi makhaphi upanam se farasi men sher, gazal aur rubaeeyan kahana shuroo kar diya tha aur alp samay men hi sara 'quran knthasth kar liya tha.
any janakari satrahavin sadi ki behatarin kaviyitri zebunnisa urph makhaphi ki kahani madhyakal ki sabase trasad kahaniyon men ek rahi hai.
adyatan‎

zebunnisa (angreji:Zeb-un-Nisa, janm- 5 faravari, 1639, daulatabad; mrityu- 1702, salimagadh) mugal badashah aurngazeb ki sntanon men usaki sabase badi putri thi. vah kafi pratibhashali tatha gunon se sampann thi. zebunnisa ka nikah usake chacha dara shikoh ke putr suleman shikoh se tay hua tha, kintu suleman ki mrityu ho jane se yah nikah nahin ho saka. vidrohi shahazada akabar ke sath gupt patr vyavahar ke karan varsh 1691 ee. men zebunnisa ko salimagadh ke qile men bnd kar diya gaya aur 1702 ee. men usaki mrityu ho gee.

janm tatha shiksha

badashah aurngazeb ki sabase badi sntan zebunnisa ka janm 5 faravari, 1639 ee. ko dakshin bharat ke daulatabad sthan par faras ke shahanavaj khan ki putri begam dilaras bano (rabiya durrani) ke garbh se hua tha. bachapan se hi zebunnisa bahut pratibhashali aur honahar thi. haphija mariyam namak ek shikshika se usane shiksha prapt ki aur alp samay men hi sara 'quran knthasth kar liya. vibhinn lipiyon ki bahut sundar aur saph likhavat ki kala men vah daksh thi.[1]

pratibhashali

zebunnisa apani balyavastha se hi pahale arabi aur phir farasi men 'makhaphi', arthath‌ 'gupt' upanam se kavita likhane lagi thi. usaki mngani shahajahan ki ichchha ke anusar usake chacha dara shikoh ke putr tatha apane chachere bhaee suleman shikoh se huee, kintu suleman shikoh ki asamay hi mrityu ho jane se yah vivah nahin ho saka.

dharmaparayan

zebunnisa ko usaka dara shikoh bahut pyar karata tha aur vah soofi pravritti ki dharmaparayan stri thi. zebunnisa ko char lakh rupaye ka jo varshik bhatta milata tha, usaka adhikansh bhag vah vidvanon ko protsahan dene, vidhavaon tatha anathon ki sahayata karane aur prativarsh 'makka madina' ke liye tirthayatri bhejane men kharch karati thi. usane bahut sundar pustakalay taiyar kiya tha aur sundar akshar likhane valon se durlabh tatha bahumooly pustakon ki nakal karavayi.

anuvad kary

zebunnisa ne prastav ke anusar sahityik kritiyan taiyar karane vale bahut-se vidvanon ko achchhe vetan par rakha aur apane anugrahapatr mulla saiphuddin ardabeli ki sahayata se arabi ke grnth tafasire kabir (mahath‌ tika) ka 'jebun tafasir' nam se farasi men anuvad kiya.[1]

kaviyitri

satrahavin sadi ki behatarin kaviyitri jebunnisa urph makhaphi ki kahani madhyakal ki sabase trasad kahaniyon men ek rahi hai. zebunnisa ko apane pita ke paraspar-virodhi kee vyaktitvon men se usaka shayarana vyaktitv virasat men mila tha. 14 sal ki umr men hi usane makhaphi upanam se farasi men sher, gazal aur rubaiyan kahani shuroo kar di thin. aurngajeb ke darabar men mushayaron par pratibndh ki vazah se zebunnisa chupake-chupake adab ki gopaniy mahafilon men shiraqat karati thi. un mahafilon men us daur ke prasiddh shayar aqil khan razi, nematullah khan, gani kashmiri adi shamil hote the. mushayaron ke dauran shayar aqil khan razi se usaki bepanah muhabbat charcha ka vishay bani to anushasan ke paband aurngajeb ne use dilli ke salimagadh ke qile men qaid kar diya.

jebunnisa ajivan avivahit rahi. usaki zindagi ke akhiri bis sal qaid ki tanhaee men hi guzare aur qaid men hi usaki maut huee. qaid ke mushkil dinon men hi usake kavita snkalan ‘divan-e-makhaphi‘ ki pandulipi taiyar huee, jisamen usaki 5000 se jyada gazalen, sher aur rubaeeyan snkalit hain. is divan ki pandulipiyan peris aur lndan ki neshanal laibreriyon men aj bhi surakshit hain. pahali bar 1929 men dilli se aur 2001 men teharan se isaka prakashan hua. mirza galib ke pahale zebunnisa aisi akeli shayara thi, jisaki gazalon aur rubaeeyon ke anuvad urdoo, angrezi aur phrench samet kee bhashaon men hue the. usaki ek rubaee ka angrezi anuvad is prakar hai-[2]

vo nazar jab mujh par giri thin pahali bar
main sahasa anupasthit ho gee thi
vo tumhari nazar nahin, khnzar thi shayad
jo mere jism men samaee
aur lahoo ke dhabbe lie bahar nikal aee thi

ap galat hain, dost
yah koee dozakh nahin, jannat hai
mat karo mujhase agale kisi janm ka vada
vartaman ke tamam dard
sabhi bechainiyan lie jazb ho jao mujhamen
mat bhatakao mujhe kabe ke raston men
vahan nahin, yahin kahin milega khuda
kisi chehare se jharate noor
kisi nashile lamhe ki khoobasoorati men

vahin, vahin kahin hogi pakizagi
jahan tum saunp doge apani beshumar khvahishen
apani zebunnisa ko
jo sadiyon se tumhara hi intazar kar rahi hai!

nazarabndi tatha mrityu

apane pita aurngazeb ke viruddh vidroh karane vale shahazada akabar ke sath gupt patr-vyavahar ka pata chal jane par zebunnisa ka niji bhatta bnd kar diya, jamindari jabt kar li gee aur use janavari, 1691 men dilli ke salimagadh qile men najarabnd kar diya gaya. zebunnisa ki mrityu 1702 men huee. use kabuli get ke bahar 'tis hazara bag' men dafanaya gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 zebunnisa (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 21 march, 2014.
  2. ek thi jebunnisa (hindi) livevns.com. abhigaman tithi: 16 agast, 2016.

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