मक्का (अरब)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

makka (arab)
kaba, makka
vivaran 'makka' islam dharm ke manane valon ka pavitratam shahar hai, jahan par vishv prasiddh 'kaba tirth' aur 'masjid-al-haram' sthit hai.
rajy hejaz prant, soodi arab
bhaugolik sthiti yah jidda se 73 ki.mi. ki doori par ek snkari ghati men samudr tal se 277 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai.
prasiddhi 'paigambar muhammad sahab' ka janm sthan hone ke karan makka muslim janata ka vishvavikhyat tirth sthan hai.
kya dekhen masjid-al-haram,
snbndhit lekh arab, haj, paigambar muhammad, madina
any janakari makka shahar varshik haj tirthayatra, jo islam ke panch stnbhon men se ek hai, ke liye prasiddh hai. pratyek varsh lagabhag tin lakh hajayatri makka ate hain.

makka saudi arab ke hejaz prant ki rajadhani evn 'paigambar muhammad sahab' ka janm sthan hone ke karan muslim janata ka vishvavikhyat tirth sthan hai. yah jidda se 45 mil (lagabhag 72 ki.mi.) poorv men sthit hai. islam dharm ke manane valon ka yah pavitratam shahar hai, jahan par 'kaba tirth' aur 'masjid-al-haram'[1] sthit hai. makka shahar varshik haj tirthayatra, jo islam ke panch stnbhon men se ek hai, ke liye prasiddh hai. pratyek varsh lagabhag tin lakh hajayatri makka ate hain.

sthiti

vartaman makka shahar sudi arab ke makkah prant ki rajadhani hai. yah prasiddh aitihasik hejaz kshetr men sthit hai. varsh 2008 ki janaganana ke anusar shahar ki abadi 17,00000 lagabhag thi. makka shahar jidda se 73 kilomitar (45 mil) ki doori par ek snkari ghati men samudr tal se 277 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai.

kaba

prachin kal se hi makka dharm tatha vyapar ka kendr raha hai. yah ek snkari, baluee tatha anupajaoo ghati men basa hai, jahan varsha kabhi-kabhi hi hoti hai. nagar ka kharch yatriyon se prapt kar dvara poora kiya jata hai. yahan pattharon se nirmit ek vishal masjid hai, jisake madhy men grenait patthar se bana ayatakar kaba sthit hai, jo 40 phut lnba tatha 33 phut chauda hai. isamen koee khidaki adi nahin hai, balki ek daravaza hai. kaba ke poorvi kone men zamin se lagabhag panch phut ki oonchaee par pavitr kala patthar sthit hai. muslim yatri yahan akar kaba ke sat chakkar lagate hain usake bad ise choonmate hain.

paigambar muhammad ki janmasthali

yahan muhammad sahab ne 570 ee. poo. men janm liya tha. phir makkavasiyon se jhagada ho jane ke karan muhammad sahab 622 eesavi men makka chhodakar madina chale ge the. arabi bhasha men saphar karana "hijarat" kahalata hai yahi se savnt hijari ki shuruat huee thi, muhammad sahab ke pahale makka ka vyapar misr adi deshon se hota tha. pahale arab ke kabile prati varsh hazaron ki snkhya men devataon ke pattharon ke pratik poojane ke liye ekatr hote the, kintu bad men muhammad sahab ne is prakar ki pooja ko samapt kar diya. masjid ke samip hi 'jam-jam' ka pavitr kuan hai.

pavitr kshetr

paigambar muhammad sahab ne shishyon ko apane papon se mukti pane ke liye jivan men kam se kam ek bar makka ana avashyak bataya tha. at: vishv ke kone-kone se muslim log paidal, oonton, trakon, tatha jahajon adi se yahan ate hain. pahale yahan par keval muslim dharmavalnbiyon ko hi ane ka adhikar prapt tha. isake kuchh mil tak charon or ke kshetr ko pavitr mana jata hai, at: is kshetr men koee yuddh nahin ho sakata aur n hi koee ped-paudha kata ja sakata hai.

hajayatra ka samay

soodi arab ki dharati par islam ka janm hua tha, isalie 'makka' aur 'madina' jaise pavitr muslim tirth sthal us desh ki thati hain. makka men pavitr 'kaba' hai, jisaki pradakshina kar har muslim dhany ho jata hai. yahi vah sthan hai, jahan hajayatra sampann hoti hai. sampoorn vishv men islami tarikh ke anusar 10 jilahaj ko vishv ke kone-kone se muslim is pavitr sthan par pahunchate hain, jise "eedul ajaha" ki sngya di jati hai. bharat men ise samany bhasha men 'bakara eed' ya 'bakarid' kaha jata hai. haj sampann karane ke pashchath usaki poornahuti tab hoti hai, jab shariyat dvara many pashu ki kurbani ki jati hai.[2]

masjid-al-haram

makka men 'masjid-al-haram' nam se ek vikhyat masjid hai. is prachin masjid ke charon or puratatvik mahatv ke khnbhe hain. lekin kuchh samay pahale soodi sarakar ke nirdesh par isake kee khnbhe gira die ge. islami buddhijiviyon men se anek logon ka yah mat hai ki isi ke pas se paigambar sahab 'burark' (pnkh vale ghode) par savar hokar eeshvar ka sakshath karane ke lie svarg padhare the. bataya jata hai ki 'masjid-al-haram' 356 hazar 800 varg mitar men phaili huee hai. kaha jata hai ki isaka nirman hajarat ibrahim ne kiya tha. ab is masjid ke poorvi bhag ke khambhon ko dharashayi kiya ja raha hai. itihas ki drishti se isaka mahatv isalie adhik hai, kyonki yahan paigambar hajarat muhammad evn unake sathiyon ke mahattvapoorn kshanon ko arabi men ankit kiya gaya hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pavitr ya vishal masjid
  2. makka men kafir ke badale (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 mee, 2013.
  3. makka ki al haram masjid (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 mee, 2013.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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