ऐरिज़ोना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

airizona snyukt rajy, amarika ka ek pramukh rajy hai. isaka kshetraphal 1,13,909 vargamil hai. inake uttar men oota, dakshin men meksiko, poorv men nyoo meksiko aur pashchim men kaauloraido nadi hai. isake do prakritik vibhag hain : (1) kaauloraido ki upatyaka, (2) dakshin ka parvat aur ghati ka bhag. vilsan parvat aur sain phhऱansisako nadi ko ek rekha se milaven to usake uttar men kaauloraido upatyaka aur dakshin ke parvat tatha ghati ke bhag padenge. kaauloraido upatyaka pray: chattanon ke snkshitij staron ka kshetr hai. inamen gahare prapati khadd hain. isaki gaharaee kahin-kahin ek mil se bhi adhik hai. sain fansisko upatyaka ka ek bhag lava aur jvalamukhi ke shnkuon se bana hua hai. sain phhऱansisko parvat ki oonchaee 12,700 phut hai. holabruk ke dakshin poorv ke bhoobhag men kee jvalamukhiy akritiyan milati hain. any kshetron men karbanaprad, raktashm, mahasarat aur khatiyut yugon ki chattanen ubhari huee hain. sudirgh kagar (eskarpament) to yahan dekhate hi banata hai. doosare prakritik vibhag men dakshin pashchim men parvat bahut hi kam hain aur jamin bhi kuchh nichi hai jise sonora ki marubhoomi kahate hain.

jalavayu aur vanaspati –kaauloraido nadi ke dakshin-poorv men oonchi upatyaka par 20´´ se bhi adhik varsha hoti hai. pashchim men rajy ke brihath‌ khnd men 10´´ se kam aur sudoor dakshin-pashchim men 5´´ dinon se bhi adhik himavrishti hoti hai. any kshetron men isaka kuchh bhi anubhav nahin hota hai. dakshin men varsha ka koee kram nahin hai, parntu kuchh bhagon men garmi men adhik varsha hoti hai. dakshin-pashchim ke brihat bhag men 80roo pha. se bhi adhik tapaman rahata hai. jade men dakshin-pashchim men tapaman 50° pha. se bhi adhik, parntu uttari parvatiy ilake men 30° pha. se bhi kam rahata hai. shushk dakshin-pashchimi bhag men kntili jhadiyan aur marusthaliy ghas ke maidan milate hain. is bhag men kaiktas, cholla aur jhadaber, upatyaka men painon tatha junipar aur pashchimi bhag men pit pain ke vriksh milate hain, jinase prasiddh, vyavasayik tatha imarati lakadiyan upalabdh hoti hain.

krishi –rajy ke bahut thode bhag men kheti hoti hai. charagah ke brihat kshetr milate hain. giripith bhag men aur 3,000 se 6,000 phut ki oonchaee par moolyavan charagah milate hain. oonche bhoobhag men grishmakalin charagah hain. pashuon men gay, bail, bhains adi ki apeksha bheden kam pali jati hain. bhedon ki snkhya madhyabhag men adhik hai.

kheti vali bhoomi kuen ya nadiyon se sinchi jati hai. aise brihat kshetr saault aur gili nadiyon ki ghati men hain. aisi bhoomi par alfa alfa paida ghas kar dugdhashalaen chalaee jati hain. kapas, yavanal (soragham), makee, aur gehoon adi ann upajae jate hain. sntare aur angoor ke udyan bhi milate hain.

khanon se tanba, sisa, jasta, chandi aur sona nikale jate hain. ye khanij dravy bisbi, glob, miyami, jerom, morenki, metakaf jilon men milate hain. maimoth men malibdenam paya jata hai. nevada ki sima par kaauloraido nadi par boldar bandh banakar jalavidyuth‌ utpann ki jati hai. isase yuddh ke saman banane ke karakhanon ka vikas hua hai.

sanh‌ 1970 ee. men janasnkhya 13,02,161 thi. abadi men gore amarikan aur meksikan hain. is rajy ki rajadhani finikas hai. sanh‌ 1970 ee. men is nagar ki poori abadi 5,81,562 thi. teksain doosara prasiddh nagar hai. (janasnkhya 2,62,933–sanh‌ 1970 men).

tanba galana aur saph karana pradhan audyogik dhndha hai. imarati lakadiyon ka bhi karobar hota hai. kapas ke binaule se kee prakar ki chijen taiyar ki jati hain. mans dabbon men bnd kar bahar bheja jata hai. navahon aur mauki indiyan log ooni knbal banute hain aur pima jati ke log tokariyan banate hain.

snkshipt itihas–sanh‌ 1846-48 ee. ki ladaee men yah meksiko se chhin liya gaya aur nyoo meksiko rajy men mila diya gaya tha. sanh‌ 1862 ee. men sone ki khan ka pata chalane par ise alag rajy banane ke andolan ne jor pakada. sanh‌ 1912 ee men yah snyukt rajy, amarika ka 48van rajy bana.[1]


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  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 2 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 281 |

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